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study note of theory of computation

study note of theory of computation

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Published by arik_cj
DFA,NFA,PDA,CFL,TM,decidable
DFA,NFA,PDA,CFL,TM,decidable

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Published by: arik_cj on Dec 03, 2009
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06/15/2013

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Theory of Computation
Arik Chenarik.cj@gmail.com
 
Automata and Language
Turing machineM=(Q,E,A,T,q0,qa,qr)Q: a set of stateE: input alphabet set.A: tape alphabet set, large than E.T: transition functionq0: start state qa: accept stateqr:reject stateGrammar G=(V,T,P,S)V is the alphabet;T is all the terminalS is a special non-terminal startsymbole.g. cAd->aABdR.E.recursive is a subset of R.E.if L is R.E, ~L may not R.E.If L is recursive, then ~L is also.L is recursive iff both ~L and L areR.EPDAP=(Q,E,A,T,q0,F,)A: the stack alphabetT:
transition relation
((state, tape,stack), (state', stack))q0: the initial stateF: a set of final states,
accept:(f,e,a)
or 
(q, e, e)
CFGG=(V, T, P, S)P is the finite set of production.e.g. A->ABCFLsome context free language is notregular ().FAA={Q,E,T,q0,F}In DFA, T maps input
(state,symbol)
to
one state
In NFA, T maps input
(state,symbol)
to
a set of states
regular expressionregular languageall regular language are contextfree language.
 
Relation of Languages

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