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Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Bookswith Introductions, Notes and Illustrations

Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Bookswith Introductions, Notes and Illustrations

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books with
Introductions, Notes and Illustrations, by Charles W. Eliot

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net

Title: Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books

with Introductions, Notes and Illustrations
Author: Charles W. Eliot
Release Date: August 15, 2004 [EBook #13182]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK PREFACES AND PROLOGUES ***

Produced by Leah Moser and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team
from images provided by the Million Book Project,
[Illustration: _Hippolyte Adolphe Taine From the etching by Asher B.
Durand_]
THE HARVARD CLASSICS EDITED BY CHARLES W. ELIOT LL.D.

PREFACES AND PROLOGUES TO FAMOUS BOOKS
WITH INTRODUCTIONS, NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS
[Illustration]
"DR. ELIOT'S FIVE-FOOT SHELF OF BOOKS"

P.F. COLLIER & SON
NEW YORK
1909 BY LITTLE BROWN & COMPANY
1910 BY P.F. COLLIER & SON

CONTENTS
TITLE, PROLOGUE AND EPILOGUES TO THE RECUYELL OF THE
HISTORIES OF TROY
WILLIAM CAXTON
EPILOGUE TO DICTES AND SAYINGS OF THE PHILOSOPHERS
WILLIAM CAXTON
PROLOGUE TO GOLDEN LEGEND
WILLIAM CAXTON
PROLOGUE TO CATON
WILLIAM CAXTON
EPILOGUE TO AESOP
WILLIAM CAXTON
PROEM TO CHAUCER'S CANTERBURY TALES
WILLIAM CAXTON
PROLOGUE TO MALORY'S KING ARTHUR
WILLIAM CAXTON
PROLOGUE TO VIRGIL'S ENEYDOS
WILLIAM CAXTON
DEDICATION OF THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION
JOHN CALVIN
TRANSLATED BY JOHN ALLEN
DEDICATION OF THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE HEAVENLY BODIES
NICOLAUS COPERNICUS
PREFACE TO THE HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND
JOHN KNOX
PREFATORY LETTER TO SIR WALTER RALEIGH ON THE FAERIE
QUEENE
EDMUND SPENSER
PREFACE TO THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD
SIR WALTER RALEIGH
PROOEMIUM, EPISTLE DEDICATORY, PREFACE, AND PLAN OF THE
INSTAURATIO MAGNA, ETC.
FRANCIS BACON
TRANSLATION EDITED BY J. SPEDDING
PREFACE TO THE NOVUM ORGANUM
FRANCIS BACON
PREFACE TO THE FIRST FOLIO EDITION OF SHAKESPEARE'S
PLAYS
HEMINGE AND CONDELL
PREFACE TO THE PHILOSOPHIAE NATURALIS PRINCIPIA
MATHEMATICA
SIR ISAAC NEWTON
TRANSLATED BY ANDREW MOTTE
PREFACE TO FABLES, ANCIENT AND MODERN
JOHN DRYDEN
PREFACE TO JOSEPH ANDREWS
HENRY FIELDING
PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH DICTIONARY
SAMUEL JOHNSON
PREFACE TO SHAKESPEARE
SAMUEL JOHNSON
INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPYL EN
J.W. VON GOETHE
\ufffd
PREFACES TO VARIOUS VOLUMES OF POEMS
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
APPENDIX TO LYRICAL BALLADS
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
ESSAY SUPPLEMENTARY TO PREFACE
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
PREFACE TO CROMWELL
VICTOR HUGO
PREFACE TO LEAVES OF GRASS
WALT WHITMAN
INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE
H.A. TAINE
_INTRODUCTORY NOTE_

_No part of a book is so intimate as the Preface. Here, after the long labor of the work is over, the author descends from his platform, and speaks with his reader as man to man, disclosing his hopes and fears, seeking sympathy for his difficulties, offering defence or defiance, according to his temper, against the criticisms which he anticipates. It thus happens that a personality which has been veiled by a formal method throughout many chapters, is suddenly seen face to face in the Preface; and this alone, if there were no other reason, would justify a volume of Prefaces.

But there are other reasons why a Preface may be presented apart from
its parent work, and may, indeed, be expected sometimes to survive
it. The Prologues and Epilogues of Caxton were chiefly prefixed to
translations which have long been superseded; but the comments of this
frank and enthusiastic pioneer of the art of printing in England
not only tell us of his personal tastes, but are in a high degree
illuminative of the literary habits and standards of western Europe
in the fifteenth century. Again, modern research has long ago put
Raleigh's "History of the World" out of date; but his eloquent Preface
still gives us a rare picture of the attitude of an intelligent
Elizabethan, of the generation which colonised America, toward the
past, the present, and the future worlds. Bacon's "Great Restoration"
is no longer a guide to scientific method; but his prefatory
statements as to his objects and hopes still offer a lofty
inspiration.

And so with the documents here drawn from the folios of Copernicus and
Calvin, with the criticism of Dryden and Wordsworth and Hugo, with
Dr. Johnson's Preface to his great Dictionary, with the astounding
manifesto of a new poetry from Walt Whitman's "Leaves of Grass"--each
of them has a value and significance independent now of the work which
it originally introduced, and each of them presents to us a man._

PREFACES AND EPILOGUES
BY WILLIAM CAXTON[A]
THE RECUYELL OF THE HISTORIES OF TROY
TITLE AND PROLOGUE TO BOOK I

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