Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
P. 1
2nd Term - New Material and Technology

2nd Term - New Material and Technology

Ratings: (0)|Views: 131|Likes:
Published by Shreedhar
hello guys ,, this material about the New Material and Technology in consttruction Industry !!
hello guys ,, this material about the New Material and Technology in consttruction Industry !!

More info:

Published by: Shreedhar on Dec 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/27/2011

 
9
a[fz Wsg TEC 1
]fg ywilj}z an ca`ctg}g {jll dg swrgtjat }fi` sj}g ejvgm ca`ctg}g &mgrg`m a` }fg ca`}tals . cfgchs
gvgtcjsgm i} sj}g i`m i} TEC rtamwcgt‑s rli`}*
 
Rtg~g`}ja` an {is}ikg an ei}gtjils a` sj}g mwg }a raat s}atikg ca`mj}ja`s i`m tgrgi}gm sfjn}j`k an }fgejvgt laci}ja`
Wsj`k TEC ci` ciwsg lgss ca`kgs}ja` i`m dg}}gt fawsghggrj`k a` }fg sj}g tgswl}j`k j` gnnjcjg`}{athj`k g`~jta`eg`}
]fg ywilj}z an ca`ctg}g {jll dg swrgtjat }fi` sj}g ejvgm ca`ctg}g &mgrg`m a` }fg ca`}tals . cfgchsgvgtcjsgm i}
sj}g i`m i} TEC rtamwcgt‑s rli`}*
 
Rtg~g`}ja` an {is}ikg an ei}gtjils a` sj}g mwg }a raat s}atikg ca`mj}ja`s i`m tgrgi}gm sfjn}j`k an }fgejvgt laci}ja`
Wsj`k TEC ci` ciwsg lgss ca`kgs}ja` i`m dg}}gt fawsghggrj`k a` }fg sj}g tgswl}j`k j` gnnjcjg`}{athj`k g`~jta`eg`}
]fg eamgt` TEC rli`}s fi~g i` iw}aei}jc itti`kgeg`} }a egiswtg swtnicg eajs}wtg a` ikktgki}gs
]fjs fglrs j` ca`}tallj`k }fg {!c ti}ja {fjcf tgswl}s j` cattgc} s}tg`k}f i`m mwtidjlj}z
TEC rli`}s fi~g rtargt nicjlj}jgs }a s}atg i`m iccwti}glz di}cf ca`ctg}g imejv}wtgs &cfgejcil .ej`gtil*
]fjs iccwticz js wsgnwl }a jerta~g rtargt}jgs an ca`ctg}g da}f j` rlis}jc i`m fitmg`gm s}ikg
TEC rli`}s fi~g swrgtjat ejvgts }fi` }fg ta}i}j`k mtwe ejvgts kg`gtillz wsgm nat ejvj`k ca`ctg}gei}gtjils i} sj}g
TEC rli`}s fi~g gnnjcjg`} di}cfj`k i`m ejvj`k nicjlj}jgs {fjcf jerta~g da}f ywilj}z i`m srggm anca`ctg}g rtamwc}ja`
]gergti}wtg ca`}tal an ca`ctg}g j` gv}tgeg {gi}fgt ca`mj}ja`s ci` dg gvgtcjsgm j` i ewcf dg}}gtei``gt }fi` ma`g i} sj}g
J`}tamwc}ja` an TEC jerta~gs }fg ti}g an swrrlz an ca`ctg}g j` }fg nate{ath i`m }fgtgdz iw}aei}jcillz
jerta~gs ywilj}z an nate{ath, lizaw} an tn} s}ggl i`m j}s‑ mg}ijlj`k i`m sing}z!s}tg`k}f an scinnalmj`k i`m
s}ikj`k
[fi} itg }fg cfgchs `ggmgm i} sj}g rtjat }a tgcgjr} an TEC 1
Tgj`natcgeg`} lizaw} nat rtargt ca`ctg}g rlicgeg`} {j}faw} sgktgki}ja`
Imgywicz an nate{ath }a }ihg }fg fzmtas}i}jc rtgsswtg i`m imgywicz an laimj`k a` rtarrj`k szs}ge }aei}cf }fg srggm an rlicj`k
Arg`j`ks i`m cfw}gs rta~jmgm, i} rtgmg}gtej`gm laci}ja`s dg}{gg` tgj`natcgeg`} dits }a la{gt }fgrlicj`k fasg &jn rwergm ca`ctg}g js rli``gm* }a i~ajm sgktgki}ja` an ca`ctg}g
 
4
Imgywicz an ei`ra{gt i`m gywjreg`} nat rlicj`k, caeric}j`k, nj`jsfj`k i`m cwtj`k an ca`ctg}g
Rtargt irrtaicf nat }ti`sj} ejvgts ntgg ntae ill g`cwedti`cgs gk {i}gt lakkj`k, ei}gtjil s}ichj`k g}c
Rtargt rli}nate }a tgcgj~g ca`ctg}g
Rtargt rtgciw}ja`s tgywjtgm }a dg }ihg` }a g`swtg }fi} ca`ctg}g ntae }fg }ti`sj} ejvgt js w`laimgm i}}fg nis}gs} rassjdlg srggm i`m mags `a} }ihg eatg }fi` 32 ej`w}gs
Jn rwerj`k js rtarasgm, }fg laci}ja` an }fg rwer sfawlm dg irrtaicfidlg
Rtargt ca%atmj`i}ja` d!{ }fg TEC swrrlz i`m rlicj`k . caeric}j`k ki`ks
Rtargt sjk`ilj`k at caeew`jci}ja` i} sj}g js `gcgssitz
[athidjlj}z an ca`ctg}g {j}fj` iccgr}gm ljej}s
Imgywicz an cafgsj~g`gss an ca`ctg}g nat rweridjlj}z
 
G`swtg }fi} {i}gt at cfgejcil imejv}wtgs itg `a} immgm mwtj`k }ti`srat}i}ja` dz TEC‑s w`iw}fatjgm
rgtsa`s i`m {j}faw} }fg h`a{lgmkg an }fg sj}g j` cfitkg an }fg ca`swegt
]ger an ca`ctg}g i} }fg }jeg an tgcgjr} i} sj}g &jn srgcjnjgm*
Ca`}j`waws i`m s}gimz swrrlz i} sj}g i`m srggmz w`laimj`k an }fg }ti`sj} ejvgts
Ea`j}at srggm i`m rtaktgss an rlicj`k }a i~ajm natei}ja` calm oaj`}s
Ea`j}at rtargt rlicgeg`} {j}faw} sgktgki}ja`
Ea`j}at rlicgeg`} an ca`ctg}g i} }fg clasgs} rassjdlg raj`} }a j}s nj`il laci}ja`
Itti`kg nat cwtj`k is saa` is nj`jsfj`k js caerlg}gm ]fjs js gsrgcjillz j` cisg an slids, ri}f{izs i`mtaims j` fa}!{ite {gi}fgt
TEC j` J`mji
 –
Ca`s}tij`}s
Egcfi`jgm irrtaicf, eamjnjci}ja`s j` ca`}tic} macweg`}s i`m srgcjnjci}ja`s tgywjtgm dz CR[M,R[M {fjcf itg nat j`%sj}w ca`ctg}g
Fjkf cirj}il cas} an di}cfj`k rli`}
Cas}ljgt }fi` sj}g ejvgm ca`ctg}g dz 92'
Silgs }iv caera`g`} =%92' a` silg an TEC dz ka~gt`eg`}
Lich an dwlh cgeg`} fi`mlj`k w`j}s% 72 hk sichs itg }a dg tgrlicgm dz oweda diks
Im~i`}ikgs an TEC
Kaam ywilj}z ca`}tal fg`cg dg}}gt mwtidjlj}z i`m s}tg`k}f
Srggmz ca`s}twc}ja` }ftawkf egcfi`jgm argti}ja`s
La{gt lidawt i`m swrgt~jsj`k cas}s
Mjsatmgtlz s}atikg an ca`ctg}g j`ktgmjg`}s i} sj}g ci` dg i~ajmgm
Ej`jejsi}ja` an ei}gtjil {is}ikg
Clgi` g`~jta`eg`}
Sfat}ikg an {i}gt i`m j`}gttwr}ja`s {j}f ra{gt swrrlz i} sj}g itg gljej`i}gm
Litkg ~alweg rtamwc}ja` rassjdlg
Ci` dg rwergm fatja`}illz i`m ~gt}jcillz
FRC g`swtj`k mwtidjlj}z . s}tg`k}f wr }a >2 ERi ci` dg rtamwcgm
Cattasja` an s}ggl?
]fg j`ctgisgm ~alweg an tws} gvgt}s }ftws} a` ca~gt ca`ctg}g tgswl}j`k j` ctichs, srillj`k at mgliej`i}ja` anca`ctg}g
Ca`ctg}g lasgs j}s j`}gktj}z j` }fjs hj`m an sj}wi}ja`s
]fg ctass sgc}ja` an tgj`natcgeg`} rtaktgssj~glz tgmwcgs i`m }fg s}twc}wtg js swtg }a callirsg
Cattasja` ca`}tal
Rtargt ejv mgsjk`
Wsg an tjkf} ywilj}z i`m ywi`}j}z an cgeg`} nat mjnngtg`} gvraswtg ca`mj}ja`s
Ei}gtjils swcf is nlz isf, dlis} nwt`icg slik, sjljci nweg g}c itg tgywjtgm }a dg wsgm is imejv}wtgs atj` }fg nate an dlg`mgm cgeg`} j` immj}ja` }a la{gs} {!c ti}ja }a eihg ca`ctg}g mg`sg
 
3
]fg jerta~geg`} j` }fg ejctas}twc}wtg an fzmti}gm cgeg`} ris}g js wl}jei}glz tgsra`sjdlg nat rta}gc}j`k}fg s}ggl tgj`natcgeg`} ntae cattasja`
[fz mags tn} j` ca`ctg}g cattamg 1
I rtargtlz mgsjk`gm i`m ca`s}twc}gm ca`ctg}g js j`j}jillz {i}gt%}jkf} i`m }fg tn} s}ggl {j}fj` j} js {gllrta}gc}gm dz i rfzsjcil dittjgt an ca`ctg}g ca~gt {fjcf fis la{ rgtegidjlj}z i`m fjkf mg`sj}z
Ca`ctg}g ilsa kj~gs s}ggl {j}fj` j} i cfgejcil rta}gc}ja`
S}ggl {jll `a} cattamg is la`k is ca`ctg}g itaw`m j} js jergt~jaws i`m mags `a} illa{ eajs}wtg atcflatjmgs }a rg`g}ti}g {j}fj` }fg ca~gt itgi
S}ggl cattasja` {jll `a} accwt is la`k is ca`ctg}g swttaw`mj`k j} js ilhilj`g j` `i}wtg fi~j`k i fjkf rF~ilwg
Mgrg`mj`k wra` }fg ywilj}z an mgsjk` i`m ca`s}twc}ja`, }fgtg {jll dg i` j`j}jil rgtjam j` {fjcf `acattasja` {jll accwt is }fg gv}gt`il eajs}wtg at cflatjmg js w`idlg }a tgicf }fg s}ggl ciwsj`k cattasja`
]fjs j`j}jil rgtjam {jll mgrg`m a` }fg g`~jta`eg`} j` {fjcf }fg s}twc}wtg js ca`s}twc}gm
Cattasja` rtacgss
Iccglgti}j`k nic}ats
[g}}j`k . mtzj`k czclgs
Fgi}j`k . caalj`k czclgs
Laimj`k . w`laimj`k czclgs
Czcljc laimj`k
Lgicfj`k an ljeg
Immj}ja`s . il}gti}ja`s ma`g a` }fg s}twc}wtgs
Jsali}gm ctichs
^ajms
G`}tirrgm ijt . litkg cirjllitz ratgs kg} j`}gtca``gc}gm
Gv}gt`il eajs}wtg . cflatjmgs nj`m }fgjt {iz }a tn} s}ggl i`m cattasja` s}it}s
Cattasja` rtacgss ca`}j`wgs }jll swcf }jeg litkg ctichs mg~glar i`m srillj`k an ca`ctg}g accwts
Citda`i}ja` an ca`ctg}g
Ca`ctg}g {fg` rtamwcgm js fjkflz ilhilj`g fi~j`k i rF ~ilwg d!{ 947 i`m 937
Ilhilj`g g`~jta`eg`} itaw`m }fg s}ggl rissj~i}gs cattasja` rtacgss
Mwg }a CA
4
i`m fwejmj}z rtgsg`} j` }fg g`~jta`eg`} }fg gvrasgm swtnicg an ca`ctg}g lasgs j}s ilhilj`j}zmwg }a natei}ja` an citda`jc icjm
]fjs natei}ja` ktimwillz rg`g}ti}gs j`}a }fg ca`ctg}g eiss i`m js cillgm citda`i}ja` an ca`ctg}g
[fg` citda`i}ja` }ihgs rlicg dgza`m }fg ca`ctg}g ca~gt kj~g` }a tn} s}ggl, }fg g`~jta`eg`} itaw`m}fg s}ggl lasgs j} ilhilj`j}z
 –
mtarrgm }a lgss }fi` rF ~ilwg :
]fg ej}jki}ja` an cattasja` `a la`kgt }ihgs rlicg mwg }a cfgejcil rta}gc}ja`
La{gt ktimgs an ca`ctg}g fi~g sfa{` ewcf mggrgt citda`i}ja` }fi` fjkfgt ktimgs an ca`ctg}g, nat isjejlit rgtjam an }jeg
Ktimgs la{gt }fi` E42 ci` citda`i}g dgza`m 47
 –
37 ee {j}fj` i ei}}gt an 42 zgits
Jn ywilj}z an ca`ctg}g j` }fg ca~gt tgkja` js raat, cattasja` ci` }ihg rlicg ewcf nis}gt
Slg`mgt sgc}ja`s ljhg ci`arjgs, ritirg}s, dilca`z slids rtaogc}j`k a` }fg dwjlmj`k gv}gtjat sfa{ ktgi}gtg~jmg`cg an mg}gtjati}ja` }fi` a}fgt s}twc}wtil egedgts
S}grs `gcgssitz nat tgrijts
^jswil gviej`i}ja` an }fg ctichgm at srillgm ca`ctg}g swtnicg
]a mg}gtej`g }fg gv}g`} an cattasja` i`m mgr}f an citda`i}ja` j` }fg inngc}gm itgis
]a clgitlz jmg`}jnz }fg itgis {fjcf `ggm tgrijts
]a tgea~g }fg mgngc}j~g ca`ctg}g i`m cattasja` rtamwc}s ntae gedgmmgm s}ggl
]a clgi` }fg ca`ctg}g i`m s}ggl swtnicg caerlg}glz ntgg ntae tws} i`m a}fgt ei}gtjils
]a gviej`g }fg tgmwc}ja` an s}ggl tn} mjieg}gt i`m itti`kg nat nwll at rit} tgrlicgeg`} an cattamgms}ggl
]a irrlz cattasja` tgsjs}i`} dittjgt njle at cai}j`k a` }fg tn} }a j`fjdj} cfi`cgs an nw}wtg cattasja`

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->