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Campfire Basics

Campfire Basics

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Published by bobbyhoward
The document deals with starting a fire for survival. It draws on the importance of using the correct tender to start a fire. Be it in rain , snow , or desert the correct tender is need. some examples of great tenders : cotton balls, your eye glasses when the sun is high noon. Paper is a great. dry leaves small sticks.
The document deals with starting a fire for survival. It draws on the importance of using the correct tender to start a fire. Be it in rain , snow , or desert the correct tender is need. some examples of great tenders : cotton balls, your eye glasses when the sun is high noon. Paper is a great. dry leaves small sticks.

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Published by: bobbyhoward on Jul 29, 2014
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07/29/2014

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 Campfire Basics By Bud Journey YES, of course you know how to build a campfire. Everybody knows how to build a campfire. That said, may timidly offer some su!!estions that could facilitate thin!s a bit for you" #urin! a lifetime in the outdoors, $ve learned from some of the best. n places where they are le!al, campfires can serve as anythin! from warm friends that are centers of social !atherin!s to life%savin! measures, durin! times of potential hypothermia. &nowin! how to build one can be a convenience or a necessity. The key to !ettin! a fire !oin! 'uickly is in selectin! the ri!ht tinder. (aturally, if you have paper, that$s !ood tinder. )ther !ood natural tinder is dry moss *wet moss is terrible+ a thin layer of leaves *with enou!h open spaces to allow air throu!h+ very small, dry twi!s *a couple of millimeters in diameter+ dried pitch nodules a handful of shavin!s from a dead, standin! tree the paper%like dried outer layer of birch bark and dead brown needles from any type of conifer tree. n my opinion, the last is the best. t will !et a fire started 'uicker than anythin! else $ve found, includin! pitch *which is also very !ood+. once stared a warmin! fire durin! a hunts trip in the British Columbian -ockies when it was rainin!, and there were si inches of wet snow on the !round. /ll the materials used were wet, and had no paper. 0y tinder for that fire was dead fir needles. #ead pine needles would have worked e'ually well. /fter you have found the tinder, the net thin! to look for are small dead limbs % the drier the better. / !ood place to find such limbs is low on the trunk of a live tree or the interior of a dense shrub, where they are protected from moisture. Break off the small ends of these twi!s and place them immediately above the tinder, then use the sli!htly lar!er butts for the net layer of campfire material. (et, look for sli!htly lar!er firewood that is suspended off the !round, such as limbs that are still attached to dead lo!s. )ther limbs and small trees that are not lyin! directly on the !round also make !ood firewood. #on$t bother with wood that is in contact with the !round or wood that has be!un to rot. They make poor burnin! material. 1reparin! the 0aterials 2or a 2ire%  seldom use an ae to cut firewood. t$s easier and 'uicker to break the lar!e pieces over a lo! or a rock. 3loves come in handy to protect your hands from vibration. The smaller twi!s are easily broken up by hand. t pays to break your firewood into relatively small pieces,
 
not more than two feet in len!th. t is wasteful and unnecessary to make hu!e, roarin! campfires. Small ones will suffice nicely for both warmin! and cookin!. -ock fire rin!s can leave lon!%lastin! scars on the land and are unnecessary. f $m not usin! an established campfire site, place one or two flat rocks net to my fire bed to set thin!s on. 4hen $m done, put the rocks back where found them and eradicate the fire bed, returnin! it to its ori!inal appearance. The area around the fire bed should be scraped down to mineral soil to reduce the dan!er of i!nitin! nearby materials. 0ore often than not, in a forested environment, this means you will be buildin! a fire on damp soil. #amp soil is difficult to build a fire on for two reasons5 6+ The dampness tends to reduce the temperature, which inhibits the flames ability to !row and 6+ as the fire heats up, the water in the soil be!ins to steam, which will also cool the fire % or put it out alto!ether. To overcome the damp soil problem, put a layer of insulation between the !round and the fire. Cardboard from a food packa!e, a paper ba!, or several layers of paper towels, or some other combustible material that will last lon! enou!h to let the fire mature before burnin! up is all you need. f you have no man%made material to use for this purpose, a ti!ht layer of small, dry limbs will do. Buildin! the 2ire % This is the part where you Boy Scouts will differ with me. The Boy Scout method works fine. This is an alternative. Set two pieces of wood about four to si inches in diameter about si to ei!ht inches apart. 3reen ones last lon!er, but dry ones work fine. 1ut the layer of insulation net to the !round. The tinder !oes between the two pieces of wood, then the layer of very fine twi!s !oes across the top, followed by another layer of sli!htly lar!er twi!s. Start the fire now, by touchin! off the tinder. #on$t add any more wood until the lar!est of the twi!s are well i!nited. Then slowly add sli!htly lar!er pieces of broken limbs. 4hen this third layer of fuel is well i!nited, the fire will continue to burn well even if the insulation net to the !round is destroyed. t$s important to remember durin! these early sta!es to layer your combustibles carefully. The pieces of firewood should be far enou!h apart to allow oy!en to the flames, but they must be close enou!h to!ether to maintain enou!h heat to keep the fire !oin!. /fter buildin! a few fires and studyin! them, you will !et a feel for the optimum spacin!. This is important, especially in cold and7or wet weather. You can start cookin! on a campfire as soon as the third layer of wood is burnin! stron!ly. This is a !ood time to start boilin! water. 8i!orous flames create a lot of heat, and it$s

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