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CIS600-2

CIS600-2

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Published by: api-19967001 on Dec 03, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Organization of a Simple
Computer
Computer Systems
Organization
\ue000The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the
\u201cbrain\u201d of the computer.
\u2022Fetches instructions from main memory.
\u2022Examines them, and then executes them one after
another.

\u2022The components are connected by a bus, which is a collection of parallel wires for transmitting address, data, and control signals.

\ue000Busses can be external to the CPU, connecting memory
and I/O devices, but also internal to the CPU.
Processors
\ue000The CPU is composed of several distinct parts:
\u2022The control unit fetches instructions from main
memory and determines their type.

\u2022The arithmetic logic unit performs operations such
as addition and boolean AND needed to carry out
the instructions.

\u2022A small, high-speed memory made up of registers,
each of which has a certain size and function.
\ue000The most important register is the Program Counter
(PC) which points to the next instruction to be fetched.
\ue000The Instruction Register (IR) holds the instruction
currently being executed.

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