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họ Lý Han Quoc-1

họ Lý Han Quoc-1

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Published by api-26198376

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Published by: api-26198376 on Dec 03, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Ye\u00e2n-t\u00f6\u00fb c\u00f6-s\u00f3 Tra\u00e0n \u00d1a\u00ef i-Sy\u00f5
1
Quo\u00e1c-ky\u00f8 trie\u00e0u Ly\u00f9 (1010-1225)
\u00d1i t\u00ecm con cha\u00f9u thuye\u00e0n nha\u00e2n 849 na\u00eam tr\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c:
Nguye\u00e2n to\u00e5 hai gio\u00f8ng ho\u00ef Ly\u00f9
ta\u00efi \u00d1a\u00efi-ha\u00f8n
Ye\u00e2n-t\u00f6\u00fb c\u00f6-s\u00f3 Tra\u00e0n \u00d1a\u00efi-Sy\u00f5
Ye\u00e2n-t\u00f6\u00fb c\u00f6-s\u00f3 Tra\u00e0n \u00d1a\u00ef i-Sy\u00f5
2

Nga\u00f8y 17 tha\u00f9ng 9 na\u00eam 1957, To\u00e5ng-tho\u00e1ng mie\u00e0n Nam la\u00f8 Ngo\u00e2-\u00f1\u00ecnh Die\u00e4m co\u00e2ng du \u00d1a\u00efi- ha\u00f8n.(1). Na\u00eam sau, nga\u00f8y 6 tha\u00f9ng 11 na\u00eam 1958, To\u00e5ng tho\u00e1ng \u00d1a\u00efi-ha\u00f8n da\u00e2n quo\u00e1c la\u00f8 Ly\u00f9 Th\u00f6\u00f8a Va\u00f5n, vie\u00e1ng tha\u00eam Vie\u00e4t-Nam. Trong d\u00f2p na\u00f8y o\u00e2ng \u00f1a\u00f5 tuye\u00e2n bo\u00e1 ra\u00e8ng to\u00e5 tie\u00e2n o\u00e2ng la\u00f8 ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i Vie\u00e4t. Ba\u00f9o ho\u00e0i a\u00e1y co\u00f9 t\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng thua\u00e4t s\u00f4 sa\u00f8i. Co\u00f8n ch\u00ednh quye\u00e0n th\u00ec ga\u00e0n nh\u00f6 kho\u00e2ng \u00f1e\u00e5 y\u00f9 \u00f1e\u00e1n chi tie\u00e1t l\u00f2ch s\u00f6\u00fb na\u00f8y.

Ghi chu\u00f9
(1) Trong chuye\u00e1n \u00f1i na\u00f8y, To\u00e5ng-tho\u00e1ng Ngo\u00e2 \u00d1\u00ecnh Die\u00e4m cho mo\u00e4t s\u00f3 quan tha\u00f9p tu\u00f8ng, ma\u00f8 ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i

\u00f6u a\u00f9i v\u00ec lo\u00f8ng ye\u00e2u n\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c, tin t\u00f6\u00f4\u00fbng v\u00ec lo\u00f8ng trung tha\u00f8nh la\u00f8 D\u00f6\u00f4ng Va\u00ean Minh. Nh\u00f6ng cu\u00f5ng t\u00f6\u00f4ng \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4ng v\u00f4\u00f9i nga\u00f8y tha\u00f9ng na\u00f8y, sa\u00f9u na\u00eam sau, D\u00f6\u00f4ng Va\u00ean Minh tua\u00e2n le\u00e4nh Hoa-ky\u00f8, gie\u00e1t chu\u00f9a.

Ba\u00e1y gi\u00f4\u00f8, \u00f1e\u00e4 nha\u00e1t Co\u00e4ng-ho\u00f8a tha\u00f8nh la\u00e4p ch\u00f6a qua\u00f9 hai na\u00eam, m\u00f4\u00f9i ch\u00e6 co\u00f9 vie\u00e4n Kha\u00fbo-co\u00e5, kho\u00e2ng co\u00f9 c\u00f4 quan nghie\u00e2n c\u00f6\u00f9u l\u00f2ch s\u00f6\u00fb. Cho ne\u00e2n kho\u00e2ng ai ngh\u00f3 \u00f1e\u00e1n vie\u00e4c sang \u00d1a\u00efi-ha\u00f8n t\u00ecm hie\u00e5u xem ho\u00ef Ly\u00f9 t\u00f6\u00f8 Vie\u00e4t Nam, \u00f1a\u00f5di sang \u00f1a\u00e2y t\u00f6\u00f8 bao gi\u00f4\u00f8? Ai la\u00f8 nguye\u00e2n to\u00e5 cu\u00fba ho\u00ef?

Th\u00f4\u00f8i gian na\u00f8y to\u00e2i m\u00f4\u00f9i 18 tuo\u00e5i, v\u00f6\u00f8a b\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c cha\u00e2n va\u00f8o \u00f1a\u00efi ho\u00efc. Nh\u00f6ng nh\u00f4\u00f8 tha\u00e1m nhua\u00e0n Nho-gia\u00f9o, ne\u00e2n \u00f1a\u00f5 ch\u00f6\u00f5ng cha\u00efc la\u00e9m ro\u00e0i. To\u00e2i vie\u00e1t th\u00f6 cho s\u00f6\u00f9 qua\u00f9n \u00d1a\u00efi-ha\u00f8n ta\u00efi Vie\u00e4t-Nam \u00f1e\u00e5 ho\u00fbi ve\u00e0 chi tie\u00e1t na\u00f8y. D\u00f3 nhie\u00e2n to\u00e2i vie\u00e1t ba\u00e8ng ch\u00f6\u00f5 Nho. H\u00f4n tha\u00f9ng sau to\u00e2i \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc th\u00f6 tra\u00fb l\u00f4\u00f8i cu\u00fba to\u00e4c Ly\u00f9 ta\u00efi Nam-ha\u00f8n. Trong th\u00f6, ho\u00ef cho to\u00e2i bie\u00e1t ra\u00e8ng:

"To\u00e5ng-tho\u00e1ng Ly\u00f9 Th\u00f6\u00f8a Va\u00f5n la\u00f8 ha\u00e4u due\u00e4 \u00f1\u00f4\u00f8i th\u00f6\u00f9 25 cu\u00fba Kie\u00e1n-b\u00ecnh v\u00f6\u00f4ng Ly\u00f9 Long T\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng. Kie\u00e1n B\u00ecnh v\u00f6\u00f4ng la\u00f8 con th\u00f6\u00f9 6 cu\u00fba vua Ly\u00f9 Anh-to\u00e2ng. Ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i cu\u00f8ng to\u00e2ng to\u00e4c sang Cao- ly va\u00f8o \u00f1a\u00e0u the\u00e1 ky\u00fb th\u00f6\u00f9 13 v\u00ec quo\u00e1c na\u00efn".

A\u00d9nh sa\u00f9ng \u00f1a\u00f5 m\u00f4\u00fb ra tr\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c ma\u00e9t to\u00e2i. Nh\u00f6ng to\u00e2i tra trong \u00d1a\u00efi-Vie\u00e4t s\u00f6\u00fb ky\u00f9 toa\u00f8n th\u00f6 (\u00d1VSKTT), trong Vie\u00e4t-s\u00f6\u00fb l\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc (VSL), trong Kha\u00e2m-\u00f1\u00f2nh Vie\u00e4t-s\u00f6\u00fb tho\u00e2ng gia\u00f9m c\u00f6\u00f4ng mu\u00efc (K\u00d1VSTGCM), kho\u00e2ng bo\u00e4 na\u00f8o no\u00f9i \u00f1e\u00e1n Kie\u00e1n B\u00ecnh v\u00f6\u00f4ng Ly\u00f9 Long T\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng ca\u00fb.

To\u00f8 mo\u00f8 ch\u00f6a \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc tho\u00fba ma\u00f5n, nh\u00f6ng to\u00e2i \u00f1a\u00f8nh bo\u00fb qua, v\u00ec ba\u00e1y gi\u00f4\u00f8 to\u00e2i pha\u00fbi do\u00e0n he\u00e1t ta\u00e2m
t\u00f6 va\u00f8o vie\u00e4c ho\u00efc.
Na\u00eam 1959, trong khi lu\u00efc lo\u00efi ta\u00efi th\u00f6 vie\u00e4n Paris, vo\u00e2 t\u00ecnh to\u00e2i \u00f1o\u00efc \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc Ta\u00e4p-san s\u00f6\u00fb \u00f1\u00f2a
cu\u00fba Nha\u00e4t-ba\u00fbn, so\u00e1 2 na\u00eam 1941, trong \u00f1o\u00f9 no\u00f9i va\u00e9n ta\u00e9t ra\u00e8ng:

"Na\u00eam B\u00ednh Tua\u00e1t, 1226, ba\u00e1y gi\u00f4\u00f8 la\u00f8 nie\u00e2n hie\u00e4u Kie\u00e1n-trung th\u00f6\u00f9 nh\u00ec \u00f1\u00f4\u00f8i vua Tha\u00f9i-to\u00e2n nha\u00f8 Tra\u00e0n. Bie\u00e1t m\u00ecnh la\u00f8 con th\u00f6\u00f9 sa\u00f9u vua Ly\u00f9 Anh-to\u00e2ng, la\u00efi \u00f1ang gi\u00f6\u00f5 ch\u00f6\u00f9c \u00f1o\u00e2 \u00f1o\u00e1c, t\u00f6 le\u00e4nh ha\u00fbi qua\u00e2n, tr\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c sau g\u00ec cu\u00f5ng b\u00f2 Tra\u00e0n Thu\u00fb \u00d1o\u00e4 ha\u00f5m ha\u00efi, ne\u00e2n o\u00e2ng \u00f1a\u00f5 \u00f1em t\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9ng s\u00f3 d\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9i quye\u00e0n, to\u00e2ng to\u00e4c, cu\u00f8ng ha\u00efm \u00f1o\u00e4i ra \u00f1i, sau \u00f1o\u00f9 tro\u00e2i da\u00eft va\u00f8o Cao-ly".

To\u00e2i t\u00f6\u00ef he\u00efn, sau na\u00f8y co\u00f9 tie\u00e0n se\u00f5 sang \u00d1a\u00efi-ha\u00f8n t\u00ecm hie\u00e5u chi tie\u00e1t na\u00f8y.
Ye\u00e2n-t\u00f6\u00fb c\u00f6-s\u00f3 Tra\u00e0n \u00d1a\u00ef i-Sy\u00f5
3

The\u00e1 nh\u00f6ng, sau khi ra tr\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng, 1964, tuy \u00f1a\u00f5 co\u00f9 cho\u00e3 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f9ng v\u00f6\u00f5ng cha\u00e9c ve\u00e0 ph\u00f6\u00f4ng die\u00e4n ta\u00f8i cha\u00f9nh. Nga\u00ebt v\u00ec nghe\u00e0 sinh nhai lo\u00e1i do\u00efc \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng ngang, to\u00e2i va\u00e3n kho\u00e2ng th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc ca\u00f9i \u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c vo\u00efng sang Ha\u00f8n quo\u00e1c, t\u00ecm hie\u00e5u ve\u00e0 nguo\u00e0n go\u00e1c ho\u00ef Ly\u00f9 ta\u00efi \u00f1a\u00e2y.

Ma\u00f5i t\u00f4\u00f9i na\u00eam 1980, tha\u00f9ng 8, to\u00e2i \u00f1i trong pha\u00f9i \u00f1oa\u00f8n Pha\u00f9p, sang d\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1a\u00efi ho\u00e4i y khoa ta\u00efi Ha\u00f8ng-cha\u00e2u Trung-quo\u00e1c. \u00d4\u00db \u00f1a\u00efi ho\u00e4i, to\u00e2i \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc tie\u00e1p xu\u00f9c v\u00f4\u00f9i pha\u00f9i \u00f1oa\u00f8n Ba\u00e9c-ha\u00f8n. Pha\u00f9i \u00f1oa\u00f8n na\u00f8y co\u00f9\u00f9 ba\u00f9c s\u00f3 Ly\u00f9 Chie\u00e1u Minh \u00f4\u00fb Hu\u00f8ng-xuye\u00e2n (Hunchon) va\u00f8 ba\u00f9c s\u00f3 Ly\u00f9 Die\u00e4p Oanh \u00f4\u00fb Thua\u00e4n- xuye\u00e2n (Sunchon). Ba\u00e1y gi\u00f4\u00f8 to\u00e2i \u00f1a\u00f5 41 tuo\u00e5i, co\u00f8n Die\u00e4p Oanh m\u00f4\u00f9i 30 tuo\u00e5i. Tuy la\u00f8 ba\u00f9c s\u00f3, the\u00e1 nh\u00f6ng co\u00e2 t\u00f6\u00f4i nh\u00f6 hoa lan, ph\u00f4i ph\u00f4\u00f9i nh\u00f6 hoa thu\u00fby tie\u00e2n ban mai. Tha\u00e1y mo\u00e3i b\u00f6\u00f5a a\u00ean co\u00e2 la\u00e5m nha\u00e5m \u00f1o\u00efc kinh ma\u00f8 kho\u00e2ng la\u00f8m da\u00e1u tha\u00f9nh gia\u00f9, to\u00e2i cho la\u00f8 co\u00e2 \u00f1o\u00efc kinh Pha\u00e4t. Tre\u00e2u co\u00e2 to\u00e2i cu\u00f5ng \u00f1o\u00efc kinh Ba\u00f9t-nha\u00f5 ba\u00e8ng tie\u00e1ng Vie\u00e4t. Co\u00e2 ho\u00fbi to\u00e2i:

- U\u00dba! Anh \u00f1o\u00efc kinh ca\u00fbm \u00f4n To\u00e5ng-tho\u00e1ng Vale\u00f9ry Giscard \u00f1a\u00e1y a\u00f8?
- Kho\u00e2ng! To\u00e2i \u00f1o\u00efc kinh Pha\u00e4t. The\u00e1 co\u00e2 \u00f1o\u00efc kinh g\u00ec va\u00e4y?
- Pha\u00e4t \u00f1a\u00e2u co\u00f9 cho anh c\u00f4m a\u00ean, a\u00f9o ma\u00ebc ?
- Va\u00e4y co\u00e2 \u00f1o\u00efc kinh g\u00ec ?

- To\u00e2i \u00f1o\u00efc kinh ca\u00fbm \u00f4n cha gia\u00f8 Kim Nha\u00e4t-Tha\u00f8nh \u00f1a\u00f5 cho chu\u00f9ng to\u00e2i \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4c t\u00f6\u00ef do, co\u00f9
c\u00f4m a\u00ean, a\u00f9o ma\u00ebc!(2)
Ghi chu\u00f9
(2) Ta\u00efi Ba\u00e9c-Ha\u00f8n, th\u00f2nh th\u00f4\u00f8i cu\u00fba Chu\u00fb-t\u00f2ch Kim Nha\u00e4t Tha\u00f8nh, \u00f1e\u00e5 to\u00fb lo\u00f8ng to\u00e2n k\u00ednh la\u00f5nh tu\u00ef ;
toa\u00f8n quo\u00e1c, khi a\u00ean c\u00f4m, sa\u00f9ng da\u00e4y, to\u00e1i \u00f1i ngu\u00fb \u00f1e\u00e0u \u00f1o\u00efc kinh ta\u00ef \u00f4n Kim chu\u00fb t\u00f2ch.

Nghe co\u00e2 no\u00f9i, to\u00e2i h\u00f4i nga\u00efc nhie\u00e2n, nh\u00f6ng to\u00e2i bie\u00e1t \u00f1o\u00f9 la\u00f8 nie\u00e0m tin cu\u00fba co\u00e2, to\u00e2i kho\u00e2ng da\u00f9m \u00f1u\u00f8a, kho\u00e2ng tha\u00e9c ma\u00e9c. Song tha\u00e1y co\u00e2 xinh \u00f1e\u00efp, to\u00e2i to\u00fb mo\u00e4t ca\u00f9i g\u00ec cho co\u00f9 ve\u00fb n\u00f2nh \u00f1a\u00e0m, theo tho\u00f9i tho\u00e2ng th\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng cu\u00fba y gi\u00f4\u00f9i Pha\u00f9p:

"\u00d4\u00db n\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c to\u00e2i, va\u00f8o the\u00e1 ky\u00fb th\u00f6\u00f9 12, d\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9i trie\u00e0u vua Ly\u00f9 Anh-to\u00e2ng, to\u00e5 tie\u00e2n to\u00e2i la\u00f8 Tra\u00e0n Thu\u00fb
Huy \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc ga\u00fb co\u00e2ng chu\u00f9a \u00d1oan Nghi...". (3)
Ghi chu\u00f9
(3) Theo gia pha\u00fb cu\u00fba con cha\u00f9u Chie\u00e2u-quo\u00e1c v\u00f6\u00f4ng Tra\u00e0n \u00cdch Ta\u00e9c ta\u00efi Tr\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng-sa Trung-quo\u00e1c,

th\u00ec mo\u00e4t t\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9ng trie\u00e0u Ly\u00f9 Anh-to\u00e2ng la\u00f8 Tra\u00e0n Thu\u00fb Huy \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc gia\u00fb co\u00e2ng chu\u00f9a Ly\u00f9 \u00d1oan Nghi, con vua Anh-to\u00e2ng. Tha\u00f9i-s\u00f6 Tra\u00e0n Thu\u00fb \u00d1o\u00e4 cu\u00fba trie\u00e0u Tra\u00e0n la\u00f8 con cu\u00fba Pho\u00f8-ma\u00f5 Thu\u00fb-Huy va\u00f8 Co\u00e2ng- chu\u00f9a \u00d1oan-Nghi.

Die\u00e4p Oanh ca\u00e9t l\u00f4\u00f8i:

"Sang \u00f1a\u00e0u the\u00e1 ky\u00fb th\u00f6\u00f9 13, cu\u00f5ng to\u00e5 tie\u00e2n anh la\u00f8 Tra\u00e0n Lie\u00e3u \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc ga\u00fb co\u00e2ng chu\u00f9a Thua\u00e4n Thie\u00e2n, Tra\u00e0n Ca\u00fbnh \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc vua Chie\u00e2u Hoa\u00f8ng tuye\u00e5n la\u00f8m cho\u00e0ng. Ro\u00e0i to\u00e5 tie\u00e2n anh xua \u00f1uo\u00e5i, ne\u00e2n to\u00e5 tie\u00e2n to\u00e2i tha\u00f8nh thuye\u00e0n nha\u00e2n, nga\u00f8y nay Ha\u00f8n quo\u00e1c m\u00f4\u00f9i co\u00f9 ho\u00ef Ly\u00f9".

A\u00d8! Va\u00efn ly\u00f9 tha h\u00f6\u00f4ng ngo\u00e4 tri ky\u00fb \u00f1a\u00e2y. Bie\u00e1t ra\u00e1t ro\u00f5 Die\u00e4p Oanh la\u00f8 con cha\u00f9u cu\u00fba Kie\u00e1n
B\u00ecnh v\u00f6\u00f4ng Ly\u00f9 Long T\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng, to\u00e2i \u00f1u\u00f8a the\u00e2m:

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