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slackbookptbr-1.0.2

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Slackware Linux Essentials
O Guia O\ufb01cial do Slackware Linux
Projeto de tradu\u00b8c \u02dcao do Slackbook para Portugu\u02c6es do Brasil
Slackbookptbr -http://slackbookptbr.sf.net
Vers\u02dcao: 1.0.2
ii
Slackware Linux Essentials
Segunda Edi\u00b8
c\u02dcao
Publica\u00b8c\u02dcao: Maio 2005
isbn: 1-57176-338-4
Slackware Linux Essentials, Second Edition
Copyrightc
\ue0001998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Slackware Linux, Inc.
All rights reserved. Printed in Canada.
Published by Slackware Linux, Inc., 1164 Claremont Drive, Brentwood, CA 94513

Lead Author, Second Edition:Alan Hicks.
Editors, Second Edition:Murray Stokely and FuKang Chen.
Authors, First Edition:Chris Lumens, David Cantrell, and Logan Johnson.
Print History:

June, 2000 First Edition
May, 2005 Second Edition
Slackware Linux is a registered trademark of Patrick Volkerding and Slackware Linux, Inc.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

America Online and AOL are registered trademarks of America Online, Inc. in the United States and/or
other countries.
Apple, FireWire, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, Quicktime, and TrueType are trademarks of Apple Computer,
Inc., registered in the United States and other countries.
IBM, AIX, EtherJet, Net?nity, OS/2, PowerPC, PS/2, S/390, and ThinkPad are trademarks of International
Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.

IEEE, POSIX, and 802 are registered trademarks of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. in the United States. Intel, Celeron, EtherExpress, i386, i486, Itanium, Pentium, and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

Microsoft, IntelliMouse, MS-DOS, Outlook, Windows, Windows Media and Windows NT are either registe-
red trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Netscape and the Netscape Navigator are registered trademarks of Netscape Communications Corporation
in the U.S. and other countries.
Red Hat, RPM, are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and other
countries.
XFree86 is a trademark of The XFree86 Project, Inc.

Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and Slackware Linux, Inc. was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the \u201d\u2019tm\u201d\u2019 or theR

\ue000symbol.
Sum\u00b4ario
1 Uma Introdu\u00b8c\u02dcao ao Slackware Linux
5
1.1 O que \u00b4e o Linux ?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
1.2 Uma palavrinha sobre GNU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
1.3 O que \u00b4e o Slackware?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
1.4 C\u00b4odigo Aberto e Software Livre. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
2 Ajuda
9
2.1 Ajuda do Sistema. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
2.1.1 man. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
2.1.2 O diret\u00b4orio /usr/doc/. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
2.1.3 HOWTOs e mini-HOWTOs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

2.2 AjudaOnline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 2.2.1 O Site O\ufb01cial e os F\u00b4orums de Ajuda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 2.2.2 Suporte por E-mail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 2.2.3 Sites n\u02dcao-o\ufb01ciais e F\u00b4oruns de ajuda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

3 Instala\u00b8c\u02dcao
13

3.1 Obtendo o Slackware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
3.1.1 A caixa com os discos O\ufb01ciais. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
3.1.2 Atrav\u00b4es da Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
3.2 Requisitos para Instala\u00b8c\u02dcao. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
3.2.1 As S\u00b4eries do Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
3.2.2 M\u00b4etodos de Instala\u00b8c\u02dcao. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
3.2.3 Disco de Boot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
3.2.4 Disco de Root. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

3.2.5 DiscoComplementar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
3.2.6 Criando os discos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
3.3 Particionamento. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

3.4 O programa setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 3.4.1 HELP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 3.4.2 KEYMAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 3.4.3 ADDSWAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 3.4.4 TARGET. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 3.4.5 SOURCE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 3.4.6 SELECT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 3.4.7 INSTALL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 3.4.8 CONFIGURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

4 Con\ufb01gura\u00b8c\u02dcao do Sistema
31

4.1 Vis\u02dcao Geral do Sistema. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 4.1.1 Layout do Sistema de Arquivos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 4.1.2 EncontrandoArquivos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

4.1.3 O Diret\u00b4orio /etc/rc.d/. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
4.2 Selecionando um Kernel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
4.2.1 O diret\u00b4orio /kernels no CD-ROM do Slackware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
4.2.2 Compilando um Kernel a partir do c\u00b4odigo-fonte. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
4.2.3 Utilizando os M\u00b4odulos do Kernel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

iii

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