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Rights of Parents

Rights of Parents

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Published by shazia

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Published by: shazia on Mar 25, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 The Supreme Lord of all the worlds has stated in many differentplaces in the Holy Qur'an about the treatment of parents, abouthow to respect them, about following and obeying them, and aboutserving them.In Surah Isra (Bani-Israel), Allah Ta'ala states "And your Lordcommanded that worship not any else except Him and do good toparents. If either or both of them reach old age before you, utternot even a faint cry to them and chide them not and speak to themthe word of respect. And spread for them the arm of humility withtender heart and say, "O my Lord: Have mercy on these both as theybrought me up in my childhood." (Surah Isra, verse 23-24)In another place He states "And we have stressed on man concerninghis parents, his mother bore him undergoing weakness uponweakness and his weaning takes two years, Give thanks to Me and toyour parents. Lastly the return is towards Me. And if they bothstrive to make you associate with Me a thing of which you have noknowledge, then obey them not and accompany them in the worldvery well and follow him who turned to me repenting, then to Me isyour return. I shall inform you what you used to do." (SurahLuqman, verse 14-15)In Surah Baqarah it is stated "And when We took covenant from thechildren of Israel that worship none save Allah and do good toparents." (Surah Baqarah, verse 83)"Oh Beloved Say, whatever wealth you spend in good, then that isfor parents and near relatives and orphans and the needy and thewayfarer. And whatsoever good you do, no doubt, Allah knows it."(Surah Baqarah, verse 215)"And worship Allah, and do not associate anyone with Him and dogood to parents" (Surah Nisa, verse 36)"We have insisted on man to be kind towards parents. And if they
strive to make you associate with Me of which you have noknowledge, then obey them not. To Me is your return, then I willinform you, what you used to do." (Surah Ankabut, verse 8)This ayah and the ayahs from Surah Luqman and an ayah in SurahAhqaf were revealed in respect of Sa'ad Bin Waqas radiallaho ta'alaanhu. According to Ibn Ishaaq, it was revealed regarding Sa'ad binMalik Zahri radiallaho ta'ala anhu. His mother was Hasna bint AbuSufyan bin Umayya bin Abdus Shamsh. Hazrat Sa'ad radiallaho ta'alaanhu was one of the early converts and used to treat his mothervery well. When he accepted Islam, his mother said, "What is thisthat you have done? I swear by Allah, if you do not forsake this newreligion, then I will neither eat nor drink, up to the point that I willdie. You will be despised forever and it will be said that you killedyour mother."Then the old lady stopped eating and drinking and became veryweak because of this. She did this for a few more days. Hazrat Sa'adcame to his mother and said, "Oh my mother, if you had 100 livesand one by one you would lose them all, even then I would notleave this religion of mine. You can choose to eat or not, but I amnot going to forsake my religion. When she saw how firm HazratSa'ad radiallaho ta'ala anho was in his resolve she was disheartenedand started to eat and drink. Upon this incident these verses wererevealed and the order was given that treat your parents well but if they order you to commit infidelity or polytheism then they mustnot be obeyed. (Khaza-inul Irfan). Allah Ta'ala through Hazrat Sa'adis ordering all the Muslims to be dutiful to their parents and treatthem well, and do not be lacking in their obedience.Other than infidelity and going against the commands of AllahTa'ala, you should always attempt to make them happy. If theyorder you to disobey Allah Ta'ala then you are allowed to ignoretheir commands.In many places in the Holy Qur'an, when Tauheed (Oneness of AllahTa'ala) is mentioned, where we are ordered to proclaim the Onenessof our Lord and where we are given compulsory duties, ourattention straight away is drawn towards the rights of parents invery strong words. Even here, after dismissing the false beliefs of the idol worshippers, and strengthening the resolve of those on the
true path, the attention of the reciters of the Qur'an is firmly drawntowards the rights of parents. Allama Ibn Manzoor writes that whenthe order is given by Allah Ta'ala, then it is our duty to ensure thatwe carry it out. In the preceding ayahs we are ordered time andagain to serve, to obey and to make both our parents happy.From these ayahs we also see that the status and rights of a motherexceed the rights of the father. There is reference to the pain andsuffering that she goes through. As soon as the foetus is placed inthe mother's womb, her whole body begins to compensate for thewell being of the unborn child. Her own health suffers. Her sleep,diet and many other activities are adversely affected. She suffersfrom ill- health and this pain and suffering increases day by day. Atthe time of the birth of the child the mother suffers tremendouspain and agony, up to the point that she feels like she is almostdying.After this suffering a new chapter opens, one where she has to carefor the child, feed him, clothe him and care for him all night long inthe event of illness. She sacrifices her sleep happily for the sake of the child. All of these burdens are taken on by the mother. Aftermentioning all these troubles, we are shown that the rights of themother exceed the rights of the father. Further detail on this isprovided in the following pages.
The Pleasure of The Parents Is The Pleasure of Allah Ta'ala
Hazrat Abdullah Bin Umar radiallaho ta'ala anhuma narrates thatRasool Allah sallalaho alaihe wasallam said, "Allah's pleasure is inthe pleasure of the parents, and Allah's displeasure is in thedispleasure of the parents."My Beloved Prophet sallalaho alaihe wasallam's beloved devotees!Our Beloved Prophet sallalaho alaihe wasallam has shown us one of the ways to please our Lord. That is if you want Allah Ta'ala to bepleased with you, then the easy way to do this is to ensure that youkeep your parents happy. To keep our parents happy, to ensure theirpleasure, is not a difficult task. Many people spend a great deal of time trying to please the whole world, but are negligent when itcome to pleasing their parents. Similarly, people are worried if theirfriends are upset, but do not care if their parents are upset or in

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