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DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING

DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING

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MITSUBISHI
ELECTRIC
VOL. 85/DEC. 1998
Special Issue on Digital Broadcasting Technologies
TECHNICAL REPORTS
Foreword
Digital TV and HDTV\u2014The Final Arrival............................................ 1
by Dr. Joseph A. Flaherty, FIEE, FRTS
Overview
The Present and Future of Digital TV Broadcasting......................... 3
by Tokumichi Murakami, Tetsuya Yamaguchi, Dr. Tommy C. Poon,
Dr. Paul A. Ratliff and Dr. Tamotsu Nomakuchi
A Model Digital Broadcasting Station............................................... 8
by Susumu Oka and Norihiko Nakazawa
Digital Broadcasting and Home Networks\u2014
A DAVIC Perspective........................................................................ 11
by Yoshiaki Kato and Shinji Akatsu
MPEG Coding Technologies............................................................ 13
by Kohtaro Asai and Fuminobu Ogawa
Digital Broadcasting Codecs........................................................... 16
by Okikazu Tanno and Takashi Honda
An SNG Codec.................................................................................. 19
by Ken\u2019ichi Asano and Gen Sasaki
DTV Receiver.................................................................................... 21
by Kenji Tsunashima and Takashi Kan
DTV LSIs............................................................................................ 24
by Tetsuya Matsumura and Siro Hosotani
Data Broadcasting Service.............................................................. 27
by Yukio Yokoyama and Heikan Izumi
Shin Suzuki
Hideyo Yamada

Toshimasa Uji
Keisuke Ueki
Masakazu Okuyama
Yasuo Kobayashi
Masao Hataya
Toshiharu Nozawa
Seiya Inoue
Takashi Nagamine
Hiroaki Kawachi
Akihiko Naito
Kouji Ishikawa
Shingo Maeda
Toshikazu Saita
Akira Inokuma

Tokumichi Murakami
Masakazu Okuyama
Corporate Total Productivity Management
& Environmental Programs
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
2-2-3 Marunouchi
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8310, Japan
Fax 03-3218-2465

Yasuhiko Kase
Global Strategic Planning Dept.
Corporate Marketing Group

Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
2-2-3 Marunouchi
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8310, Japan
Fax 03-3218-3455
Orders:
Four issues: \u00a56,000

(postage and tax not included)
Ohm-sha Co., Ltd.
1 Kanda Nishiki-cho 3-chome
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0054, Japan

Editor-in-Chief
Editorial Inquiries
qVol. 85/Dec. 1998 Mitsubishi ElectricA DVA N C E
Mitsubishi Electric Advance is published

quarterly (in March, June, September, and
December) by Mitsubishi Electric Corporation.
Copyright \u00a9 1998 by Mitsubishi Electric
Corporation; all rights reserved.
Printed in Japan.

A Quar terly Survey of New Products, Systems, and Technology
From the Publisher
Editorial Advisors
Special Issue on Digital Broadcasting
Technologies
CONTENTS
Vol. 85 Feature Articles Editor
Product Inquiries

Please note that the next issue of Advance
(Vol. 86), which would normally be published
in March, 1999, will be delayed until June.
We apologize for the delay. Prepaid sub-

scriptions will be extended accordingly.

Our cover illustration symbolizes the era of
digital TV services in the home, where a wide
choice of content, including studio and satellite
news gathering (SNG) programs, will form a
rich multimedia menu delivered by satellite,

terrestrial and cable broadcasting.
MIT SU BISH I ELEC T RIC OVERSEAS NETWORK

he tim e for study, standardization, and debate is over. The tim e has com e to m ake the analog to digital TV and HDTV transition. Analog television is behind us. The years of work in Japan and the United States to m ake digital TV and HDTV a reality have given the world a new m easure of television quality that will carry us well into the 21st century. All m ankind will benefit from our work.

It is now tim e to im plem ent digital TV and HDTV, to finalize plans, and to m ove into the digital TV dom ain. Analog equipm ent is no longer in m anufacturers\u2019product plans, analog developm ents are at a standstill, and further developm ents in analog equipm ent are m ost unwise.

How will broadcasters com pose their digital bouquets? Will there be a m ix of HDTV, SDTV and m ultiplex program - m ing? Will cable and satellite-delivered high definition put HDTV quality just a \u201cchannel click\u201d away from a broadcaster\u2019s SDTV program s? Different regions of the world will have different answers to these questions based on their culture, their business environm ent, their com petition and their audience. Whatever their individual decisions m ay be, 21st century television will not be what it has been, nor what it is today.

This is well understood in Am erica, and there has been steady progress toward the im plem entation of digital TV and HDTV broadcasting services in both the United States and Canada. The United States has com pleted the DTV/HDTV standardization and regulatory work, established a digital transition schedule, assigned the terrestrial channels, and the transition is underway.

The Canadian \u201cTask Force on the Im plem entation of Digital Television\u201d has com pleted its report to the Canadian
Governm ent with 17 recom m endations to provide:
\u201c... the strategic fram ew ork needed to ensure that Canadians receive high quality digital television services in a
com petitive m ark etplace; and second, to specify the im plem entation steps that w ill guarantee a successful
transition.\u201d

The ATSC standard was adopted by the FCC and was m andated for terrestrial Digital TV and HDTV broadcasting, and on April 3, 1997, the FCC adopted a digital channel allotm ent and assignm ent plan to provide a second digital TV channel to all existing TV stations, and adopted the DTV service rules to govern the DTV and HDTV service. In its final \u201cReport and Order\u201d in the proceeding on digital television, the FCC required, am ong other things, that the affiliated TV stations of the top four networks (ABC, CBS, Fox, & N BC)in the top ten m arkets be on-the-air with a digital signal by May 1, 1999, and the affiliates of the top four networks in m arkets 11-30 be on-the-air with a digital signal by N ovem ber 1, 1999. All terrestrial TV stations m ust be on-the-air with their digital signal by 2003.

The FCC set the date for the return of the analog N TSC spectrum at the end of the transition period as 2006. FCC reviews
of that date will be conducted periodically.

Under a separate agreem ent m ade with the FCC, som e group owners, including CBS, agreed to have som e top-ten digital stations on-the-air by N ovem ber 1, 1998. CBS will have its digital TV and HDTV stations in N ew York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and San Francisco on-the-air by this date. CBS along with ABC, FOX, and N BC will have a total of 14 digital TV and HDTV stations on-the-air by then serving 33% of all TV households.

ABC, CBS, N BC, PBS, HBO, MSG, DirecTV, Prim estar, and USSB will begin HDTV transm issions this year during various day parts. As to CBS, it will begin its regular HDTV service with five hours of prim e evening program s per week beginning N ovem ber 1, 1998. Additional program s including sporting events will follow.

By May 1, 1999, a m inim um of 30 digital TV stations will be on-the-air in the U.S. including seven CBS stations and 23
*Dr. Flaherty is Senior Vice President, Technology, CBS Corporation.
T
TECHNICAL REPORTS
Foreword
Digital TV and HDTV\u2014The Final Arrival
by Dr. Joseph A . Flaherty, FIEE, FRTS*
Decem ber 1998\u00b7 1

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