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Problems on Settlement

# Problems on Settlement

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07/07/2013

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Problems onSettlement

Problem # 01
A reinforced concrete foundation of dimensions 20mx 40m exerts a uniform pressure of 200 kN/m
2
on asemi infinite soil layer. Determine the value of immediate settlement under the foundation.Assume the values of E = 50 MN/m
2
, I = 1.0,
µ
=0.5.
ρ
i
=
q
n

B
(1-
µ
) I/
Eq
n
= 200 kN/m
2
,
B
= 20 m
E
= 50 MN/m
2
ρ
i
= 200 x 20 x (1- 0.5) 1/50 x 1000 =
60 mm
.

Problem # 02
A soft, normally consolidated clay layer is
15m
thick with a natural moisture content of
45 %
. The clay has a saturated unit weight of
172
kN/m
3
,a particle specific gravity of
2.68
and a liquid limitof
65%
. A foundation load will subject the centre of the layer to a vertical stress increase of
10
kN/m
2
.Determine an approximate value for thesettlement of the foundation, if ground water levelis at the surface of the clay.