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2002-03 Uganda Population Census Report

2002-03 Uganda Population Census Report

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Published by The New Vision
The 2002 Population and Housing Census was the most comprehensive census ever undertaken in Uganda. It collected household-based data on population, housing, agriculture, micro and small enterprises and community-based data.
The 2002 Population and Housing Census was the most comprehensive census ever undertaken in Uganda. It collected household-based data on population, housing, agriculture, micro and small enterprises and community-based data.

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Published by: The New Vision on Aug 01, 2014
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2002 Population and Housing Census Provisional Results
FOREWORD
The Statistics Act No. 12 of 1998 empowers the Uganda Bureau of Statistics to act “
as the principal data collecting and disseminating agency responsible for coordinating monitoring and supervising the National Statistical System
”. The Act was the legal basis for conducting the Population and Housing Census from 13 to 19 September 2002. The census was conducted by the Bureau in collaboration with partner institutions. The 2002 Population and Housing Census was the most comprehensive census ever undertaken in Uganda. It collected household-based data on population, housing, agriculture, micro and small enterprises and community-based data. Such data are a strategic resource that needs to be harnessed for development by Government and other stakeholders including the private sector, public sector, research and training institutions, civil society operators including NGOs and the press, donors, international organizations and the public at large. In addition, the re-launching of the Vital Registration System in the country was “piggybacked” onto the census operation. The results from the census will be released in a series of publications. The Preliminary Results from the census were compiled and released within two weeks from the end of the enumeration. The publication gave Uganda’s population disaggregated by sex and district. This publication is based on more detailed information than was made available at the time of the Preliminary release. The final results which will be based on more definitive and subject-oriented analysis, will be released in phases over the next two years. On behalf of the Board of Directors of the Uganda Bureau of Statistics, I would like first of all to extend appreciation to the Government of Uganda and development partners for making necessary resources available for undertaking the census. Secondly, I would like to thank all partner institutions that collaborated with the Bureau in carrying out this onerous and yet necessary statistical operation. I have no doubt that if it were not for the strong partnership between Government, partners in development and collaborating national institutions, the census would not have been properly organized and implemented in a synergic manner. I would also like to thank the management of the Bureau, the Census Office and all those who in one way or another participated in the planning and/or successful implementation of the census including members of the inter-institutional Steering and Technical Advisory Committees, field staff including supervisors and enumerators and the millions of individual respondents. The high cost of the census operation will be justified to the extent that extensive use is made of census data and information as a basis for policy analysis, debate and design; planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation especially of major development goals and Government initiatives, good governance and especially democratization and decentralization; decision-making at every level of society; investment and business transactions; and for many other purposes. Census data and information, like all official statistics, are a “public good” which the Bureau pledges to make readily available and accessible to all users. Together we can harness information resources from the census to eradicate poverty and create a better Uganda for all.
Prof. Ben Kiregyera Chairman Board of Directors
 
2002 Population and Housing Census Provisional Results
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
In order to plan well for the population, one needs its demographic data. Demographic data includes indicators like the birth rate, death rate, age composition, spatial distribution and migration patterns. These indicators are closely related to and are affected by socio-economic characteristics like employment, occupation, education, health and so on. Demographic data and the related socio-economic characteristics are collected through population censuses, civil registration system, demographic and socio-economic surveys and/or other administrative records. Of these, the population census is the main source of demographic and socio-economic data in Uganda. Population counts of a mainly administrative nature were conducted in Uganda in 1911, 1921, and 1931. The pre-independence scientific censuses were conducted in 1948 and 1959. The African and non-African populations were enumerated separately in each of these censuses. After independence, population censuses were conducted in 1969, 1980 and 1991. For all these censuses, the observation unit was the individual. They had a "
built-in
" sample enumeration to generate more detailed information. They were conducted simultaneously for both African and non-African population. Thus there was a big improvement in the quality of census taking and coverage compared to the 1948 and 1959 censuses.
1.2
The 2002 Population and Housing Census
 
The most recent census was conducted in September 2002. Its reference period, the Census Night, was the night of 12
th
 September 2002. The actual enumeration started on 13
th
 September and ended on 19
th
 September 2002. The enumeration was done by trained enumerators who canvassed the Enumeration Areas (EAs) and administered the questionnaires to the household heads or any other knowledgeable household members. Special arrangements were made to enumerate institutional and homeless populations. The census administered a standard questionnaire to all persons countrywide. In order to facilitate speedy compilation of the Census results, each enumerator used a standard summary sheet to compile the number of households, number of business enterprises and the population enumerated, separating between males and females. This was done under very close supervision of technical staff from UBOS. Using these summaries, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics compiled these Provisional Results. These results give the population broken down by sex at the national, regional, district and
1
 
2002 Population and Housing Census Provisional Results
subcounty levels. However, these results can be made available at lower level administrative units of parish and village. The Uganda Bureau of Statistics committed itself to releasing the results from the census in a timely manner. The Preliminary Results were released two weeks after the completion of actual enumeration. These Provisional Results, offering more details, are being released during the Africa Statistics Week celebrations as promised during the release of the Preliminary results in October 2002. The Final Results and the accompanying analyses will be released in phases over the next two years. In order to compare the populations in the districts, the population obtained in the 1969, 1980 and 1991 censuses were re-cast to the current district boundaries. For purposes of statistical comparison with past trends, the country is divided into four regions namely Central, Eastern, Northern and Western. These are groups of districts with similar socio-economic conditions and sharing many demographic as well as cultural characteristics. The regions therefore are not meant to reflect administrative or political arrangements.
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