2002 Population and Housing Census Provisional Results
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
In order to plan well for the population, one needs its demographic data. Demographic data includes indicators like the birth rate, death rate, age composition, spatial distribution and migration patterns. These indicators are closely related to and are affected by socio-economic characteristics like employment, occupation, education, health and so on. Demographic data and the related socio-economic characteristics are collected through population censuses, civil registration system, demographic and socio-economic surveys and/or other administrative records. Of these, the population census is the main source of demographic and socio-economic data in Uganda. Population counts of a mainly administrative nature were conducted in Uganda in 1911, 1921, and 1931. The pre-independence scientific censuses were conducted in 1948 and 1959. The African and non-African populations were enumerated separately in each of these censuses. After independence, population censuses were conducted in 1969, 1980 and 1991. For all these censuses, the observation unit was the individual. They had a "
" sample enumeration to generate more detailed information. They were conducted simultaneously for both African and non-African population. Thus there was a big improvement in the quality of census taking and coverage compared to the 1948 and 1959 censuses.
The 2002 Population and Housing Census
The most recent census was conducted in September 2002. Its reference period, the Census Night, was the night of 12
September 2002. The actual enumeration started on 13
September and ended on 19
September 2002. The enumeration was done by trained enumerators who canvassed the Enumeration Areas (EAs) and administered the questionnaires to the household heads or any other knowledgeable household members. Special arrangements were made to enumerate institutional and homeless populations. The census administered a standard questionnaire to all persons countrywide. In order to facilitate speedy compilation of the Census results, each enumerator used a standard summary sheet to compile the number of households, number of business enterprises and the population enumerated, separating between males and females. This was done under very close supervision of technical staff from UBOS. Using these summaries, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics compiled these Provisional Results. These results give the population broken down by sex at the national, regional, district and