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solutions > Solution_2

solutions > Solution_2

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03/18/2014

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Solution Set 2 Rev03.doc
Solution Set 2 (Fall 2007)
2.1
a) PABS=V\u00b7I=6\u00b73=18 Watts
b) PABS=V\u00b7I=(-6)\u00b7(-3)=18 Watts
2.2
a) PABS=V\u00b7I=(-8)\u00b75=-40 W, PSUPP=40 Watts
b) PSUPP= -V\u00b7I=-8\u00b7(-5)=40 Watts
2.3
a) P=25W=V\u00b7I=5\u00b7I, I=5A
b) PSUPP=V\u00b7I=3A\u00b76V=18W
P=-I\u00b7V=-18W (ie. \u2013 power is supplied)
2.4
a) P=V\u00b7I=6W=(-1)I
I=-6A
Solution Set 2 Rev03.doc
b) P=-I\u00b7V=-30W=-(-3)V
V=-10V
2.5 If element 1 supplies 48W:
P1=-48=I\u00b7V=I6, I=-8A
P2=I\u00b7V=(-3A)(-12V)=36W

So it absorbs 36W of power.
If we only take the 12V element and rearrange the signs so that they are positive:
It is clear that power is absorbed.

2.6 Determine the power that is absorbed or supplied by the circuit elements below:

a)
P1=I\u00b7V=1A\u00b75V=5W (absorbed)
P2=V\u00b7I=1\u00b77=7W (absorbed)

P12V=V\u00b7I=12(-1A)=-12W (12W Supplied)
Note: total power supplied = total power absorbed.
Solution Set 2 Rev03.doc

b)
P24V=24V(-2A)=-48W (48W supplied)
P1=2A\u00b78V=16W
P16V=16V\u00b72A=32W
Note: absorbs even though it is a source.

2.7

P1=3\u00b72=6W (absorbed)
P7V=7\u00b72=14W (absorbed)
P10V=10V\u00b72A=20W (supplied)

2.8

Add all power absorbed and set to 0.
P6A+P1+P2+P3+P8V+P4=0
(-6A)(6V) + (2A)(6V) = (1A)(6V) + IX(2V) + IX(4V) + (6V)(1A) = 0
IX(6V)=(-2A)(6V)
IX=-2A
So the 6V source and element 3 are actually supplying power.

2.9
Using KVL:

+VS-16V+32V=0
VS=16V
So PVs=(6A)(16V)=96W
So VS is absorbing 96 Watts.

2.10
VCS=6mA\u00b72k\ue000=12V
PR=12V\u00b76mA=72mW
2.11
PRx=V\u00b7I=24mW=(8mA)(V)

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