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Prediction and Testing

Prediction and Testing

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This is a document for my personal project.
This is a document for my personal project.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Yana Charoenboonvivat on Aug 02, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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08/02/2014

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1
Calculating which paper glider will stay in the air longest:
RACER 526 KING FISHER
Wing type
a)Swept-back wings
 
Produces less drag
Dihedral angle Figure 1
 
Stability and Dihedral angle a)Racer 526 King-Fisher has a dihedral angle of 10
(see figure 1)
 
Wing position and suitable dihedral angle b)Wing position of Racer 526 King Fisher= High wing(see figure 1) c)Suitable dihedral angle for high wing= 5
 - 10
 d)10
(see
a) is in the range of 5
 - 10
 
 
∴ The dihedral angle is in
the suitable range
10
 10
 
 
2
MAC(Mean Aerodynamic Chord)and Center of gravity Figure 2
 
MAC
a)
Using the formula to find MAC length
 
i)rc = Root Chord=4.5cm(see figure 2)
 
ii)t = Taper Ratio = (Tip Chord ÷ Root Chord)=2.5cm/4.5cm
 
iii)
MAC = rc x 2/3 x (( 1 + t + t 
2
 ) ÷ ( 1 + t ))
 
b) Substitute: MAC=4.5cm x 2/3 x ((1+(2.5/4.5))+(2.5/4.5)
2
)÷(1+(2.5/4.5))=
3.60cm
( rounded to 3 s.f)
 
 
Centre of gravity
c) Using the rule: Center of gravity must be at 50% of the MAC(from the leading edge) for best long duration flight i) 50% of MAC=50/100 x 3.60cm=1.8cm
Figure 3
 
ii)Center of gravity is not at 50% of the MAC from the leading edge(see figure 3)
The center of gravity is
not
 at the best location for the best long duration flight.
4.5cm 2.5cm
Root chord Tip chord Leading edge
Centre of gravity that is 1.8cm from leading edge of MAC. Actual centre of gravity
 
3
Aspect ratio
Figure 4
 
Length of wing span a)Length of wing span for Racer 526 King fisher=
16cm
(See figure 4)
 
Wing area b) One side of the wingABCD (see figure 4) c)ABCD form a trapezium because AB//DC i)Area of trapezium=AB+DC x height d) Substitute into c(i): Area of trapezium=4.5cm+2.5cm x 8cm=28cm
2
e)Since AB is the center line, trapezium ABCD=trapezium EFBA
 
 The wing area=2 x the area of trapezium ABCD= 2 x 28cm
2
 =
56cm
2
 f)Using formula: Aspect ratio=(Length of wing span)
2
 i) Substitute into f): (16cm)
2
= 256cm
2
=
4.57
(rounded to 3 s.f) 56cm
2
56cm
2
 
Wing span= 16cm 4.5cm
B C D
2.5cm
E F
8.0cm
2 2 A
Wing area

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