At that time, most physicists believed that everything in physics was completely understood. Normal intuition and all experiments \ufb01t into the context of two basic theories:
However, even a little thought made it clear that there was trouble on the horizon. And then came many new experimental results that made it clear that the then-existing theoretical framework was woefully inadequate to describe nature.
1. the theory of special relativity based on the idea that there was no propagating medium for light (so that light traveled with the same speed regardless of the \u201cframe\u201d from which the light was viewed);
2. the theory of quantum mechanics, according to which the precise position and precise momentum of a particle cannot both be determined simultaneously.
It is useful to focus \ufb01rst on the inconsistencies of the \u201cether\u201d picture and of the above-outlined naive picture of space and time. This will lead us to the theory of special relativity.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?