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Corruption in India

Corruption in India

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Published by gayatrihegde
Brief 3 page overview of state of corruption in india and suggestions to overcome
Brief 3 page overview of state of corruption in india and suggestions to overcome

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Published by: gayatrihegde on Dec 03, 2009
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04/23/2013

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BE Assignment 
Corruption in India
 Group 24 
Division B
Gayatri R Hegde 117Ishita Krishna -124Karthik K Ramakrishnan -127Nidhi Sharma 140Tarun Kabra 173Vardhman Chand Rai -175
 
One of the definitions given to corruption is "giving something to someone with power so that he will abuse hispower and act favouring the giver" which can also be extended to "the offering, giving, soliciting or acceptance of an inducement or reward, which may influence the action of any person". It seems as a matter of fact that most of the Indians are involved in corrupt practices in one way or the other either while we are getting our licence orwhen we break the traffic law or even when we need to register our house that is much cheaper that what weactually pay.
An apt description of the corruption that exists in India can be best summarized by the above image.
India in the Corruption PerceptionIndex (CPI)
India’s CPI score, based on global perception of corruption in India’s political class and public sector, wasunchanged at 3.4 out of 10.In the ranking, 83 other countries are less corrupt than India.India is globally perceived to be so lowin integrity because of rampant corruption among politicians in India,especially the waving of bundles of currency notes by MPs in parliament last year, which has caused a dent inIndia’s image. Also, Politicians have been found amassing huge wealth disproportionate to their known sources of income. Due to this, the Indian citizens are also reluctant to pay their due taxes, hence percolating corruption tolower levels of society. Eventually, this leads to the suffering of the poorest people who are affected by the lack of development in the country.Anupama Jha, the executive director ofTransparency InternationalIndia, said ranking it was a matter of concernfor the nation as the global corruption perception was badly affecting foreign investment in the country.
 
Corruption in Politics
Theextensive role of the Indian state in providing services and promoting economic development has alwayscreated the opportunity for using public resources for private benefit. As government regulation of business wasextended in the 1960s and corporate donations were banned in 1969, trading economic favors for under-the-tablecontributions to political parties became an increasingly widespread political practice. During the 1980s and 1990s,corruption became associated with the occupants of the highest echelons of India's political system. Rajiv Gandhi'sgovernment was rocked by scandals, as was the government of P.V. Narasimha Rao. Politicians have become soclosely identified with corruption in the public eye that a
Times of India
poll of 1,554 adults in six metropolitancities found that 98 percent of the public is convinced that politicians and ministers are corrupt, with 85 percentobserving that corruption is on the increase.The prominence of political corruption in India in the 1990s is hardly unique to India. Other countries also haveexperienced corruption that has rocked their political systems. What is remarkable about India is the persistentanti-incumbent sentiment among its electorate. Since Indira's victory in her 1971 "
garibi hatao
" election, only oneruling party has been reelected to power in the central government. In an important sense, the exception provesthe rule because the Congress (I) won reelection in 1984 in no small measure because the electorate saw in RajivGandhi a "Mr. Clean" who would lead a new generation of politicians in cleansing the political system. Anti-incumbent sentiment is just as strong at the state level, where the ruling parties of all political persuasions inIndia's major states lost eleven of thirteen legislative assembly elections held from 1991 through spring 1995. And

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