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entropy print

entropy print

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Published by: api-26797747 on Dec 03, 2009
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03/18/2014

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Advanced Thermodynamics
Note 4
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Lecturer:\u90ed\u4fee\u4f2f
Differences between heat and work

\u2022A conversion efficiency of 100% by elimination of
friction, a dissipative process that transforms work into
heat.

\u2022All efforts to devise a process for the continuous
conversion of heat completely into work or into
mechanical or electrical energy has failed. Conversion
efficiencies do not exceed about 40%.

\u2022The flow of heat between two bodies always takes place
from the hotter to the cooler body, and never in the
reverse direction.

The second law

\u2022No apparatus can operate in such a way that its
only effect is to convert heat absorbed by a system
completely into work done by the system.

\u2013It is impossible by a cyclic process to convert the heat
absorbed by a system completely into work done by the
system.

\u2022No process is possible which consists solely into
the transfer of heat from one temperature level to a
higher one.

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