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Trignometric Cheat Sheet

Trignometric Cheat Sheet

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08/18/2010

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 © 
2005 Paul Dawkins
Trig Cheat Sheet
Definition of the Trig Functions
 
Right triangle definition
 For this definition we assume that02
π θ 
< <
or 090
θ 
° < < °
.oppositesinhypotenuse
θ 
=
 hypotenusecscopposite
θ 
=
 adjacentcoshypotenuse
θ 
=
 hypotenusesecadjacent
θ 
=
 oppositetanadjacent
θ 
=
 adjacentcotopposite
θ 
=
 
Unit circle definition
For this definition
θ 
is any angle.sin1
 y y
θ 
= =
 1csc
 y
θ 
=
 cos1
 x x
θ 
= =
 1sec
 x
θ 
=
 tan
y x
θ 
=
cot
x y
θ 
=
 
Facts and Properties
Domain
 The domain is all the values of 
θ 
thatcan be plugged into the function.sin
θ 
,
θ 
can be any anglecos
θ 
,
θ 
can be any angle
tan
θ 
,1,0,1,2,2
n n
θ π 
+ = ± ±
 csc
θ 
,,0,1,2,
n n
θ π 
= ± ±
 sec
θ 
,1,0,1,2,2
n n
θ π 
+ = ± ±
 
cot
θ 
,,0,1,2,
n n
θ π 
= ± ±
 
Range
 The range is all possible values to getout of the function.
1sin1
θ 
 csc1andcsc1
θ θ 
≤ −
 1cos1
θ 
 sec1andsec1
θ θ 
≤ −
 tan
θ 
cot
θ 
 
Period
The period of a function is the number,
, such that
( ) ( )
 f T
θ θ 
+ =
. So, if 
ω 
 is a fixed number and
θ 
is any angle wehave the following periods.
( )
sin
ωθ 
 2
π ω 
=
 
( )
cos
ωθ 
 2
π ω 
=
 
( )
tan
ωθ 
 
π ω 
=
 
( )
csc
ωθ 
 2
π ω 
=
 
( )
sec
ωθ 
 2
π ω 
=
 
( )
cot
ωθ 
 
π ω 
=
 
θ 
 adjacentoppositehypotenuse
 x y
,
 x
θ 
 x y
1
 
 
 © 
2005 Paul Dawkins
Formulas and Identities
Tangent and Cotangent Identities
sincostancotcossin
θ θ θ θ θ θ 
= =
 
Reciprocal Identities
11cscsinsincsc11seccoscossec11cottantancot
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ 
= == == =
 
Pythagorean Identities
 
222222
sincos1tan1sec1cotcsc
θ θ θ θ θ θ 
+ =+ =+ =
 
Even/Odd Formulas
 
( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
sinsincsccsccoscossecsectantancotcot
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ 
= = = == =
 
Periodic Formulas
If 
n
is an integer.
( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
sin2sincsc2csccos2cossec2sectantancotcot
n nn nn n
θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ 
+ = + =+ = + =+ = + =
Double Angle Formulas
 
( )( )( )
22222
sin22sincoscos2cossin2cos112sin2tantan21tan
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ 
== = = =
 
Degrees to Radians Formulas
If 
 x
is an angle in degrees and
is anangle in radians then180and180180
t x t x x
π π π 
= = =
Half Angle Formulas
 
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )( )
222
1sin1cos221cos1cos221cos2tan1cos2
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ 
= = +=+
 
Sum and Difference Formulas
 
( )( )( )
sinsincoscossincoscoscossinsintantantan1tantan
α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β 
± = ±± =±± =
 
Product to Sum Formulas
 
( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
1sinsincoscos21coscoscoscos21sincossinsin21cossinsinsin2
α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β 
= − += + += + + −= + − −
Sum to Product Formulas
 sinsin2sincos22sinsin2cossin22coscos2coscos22coscos2sinsin22
α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β 
+ + =+ =+ + =+ = −
Cofunction Formulas
 
sincoscossin22cscsecseccsc22tancotcottan22
π π θ θ θ θ π π θ θ θ θ π π θ θ θ θ 
= == == =
 
 
 
 © 
2005 Paul Dawkins
Unit Circle
For any ordered pair on the unit circle
( )
,
 x y
: cos
x
θ 
=
andsin
y
θ 
=
 
Example
5153cossin3232
π π 
= = −
 3
π 
 
4
π 
 
6
π 
 
22,22
 
31,22
 
13,22
 
60
°
45
°
30
°
 
23
π 
 
34
π 
 
56
 
π 
 
76
π 
54
π 
43
π 
 
116
π 
 
74
π 
 
53
π 
 
2
π 
 
π 
 
32
π 
 
0
 
2
π 
13,22
 
22,22
 
31,22
 
31,22
 
22,22
13,22
31,22
 
22,22
 
13,22
 
( )
0,1
( )
0,1
( )
1,0
 
90
°
 
120
°
135
°
 
150
°
 
180
°
 
210
°
225
°
240
°
270
°
300
°
315
°
 
330
°
 
360
°
0
°
 
 x
 
)
10
 y

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