(ii)has the eigen values ,, and the same eigenvectors as A.
Prove that the product of two orthogonal matrices is orthogonal,and so is the inverse of an orthogonal matrix. What does this meanin terms of rotations?
Prove that the product of the two unitary matrices (of the samesize) and the inverse of a unitary matrix are unitary. Giveexamples. Powers of unitary matrices occurring in applications maysometimes be familiar real matrices. Show that for A in
A real quadratic form Q= and its symmetric matrix C= aresaid to be positive definite if Q>0 for all . Anecessary and sufficient condition for positive definiteness is thatall the determinantsarepositive. Show that the form 4
is not positive definite.
Find out what type of conic section the following quadratic formrepresents and transform it to principal axes Q=
Prove that if a real sequence is bounded and monotone, itconverges.
Illustrate the definition of rank and its characteristics by columnvectors with a 3X4 matrix. Show that for a square matrix the linear dependence of the row vectors implies that of the column vectorsand conversely. Show that for a non square matrix either the rowvectors or the column vectors must always be linearly dependent.
The rank of the product of two matrices cannot exceed the rank of either factor. Illustrate this with examples. The rank r of the productof an mxn matrix A of rank and an nxp matrix B of ranksatisfies +n (=the smaller of .Illustrate this with examples. Find the example in which bothequality signs hold.
Application of Eigen values: An elastic membrane in theplane with boundary circle is stretched so that a pointP:( goes over into the point Q: ( given by y= = AX=