Mrxst hors o vopmt th Nw Iro vso o Lbor, d th hrd ord
Wa are e implicaions or developmen in th Tird World in lig o te widespread inellecual rerea rom Marxist eory d pracice in recen years Tis essay oers an nswr o tis qustio by ocusing on e curren debae concerning te rise of a nw itnational division o labor (NIDL) Te debate ovr h ND hs muc signiicance given e growing inerpentraion of vaios gional and naional economis in an increasingly inegrated glo economy. Bu wile one can saely argue a integraion wi th global economy is now essenial to economic growt, th trms of th debae over a process appear o ave sied to th mecnis d condiions o inegraion or iero isolated conoies This ssy will delineae e rajecory an by e NID debae to date and wll sugges ow an isoricalstrucural approac in te Marxis raditio, provides opporuniies or uhering e discussion Te essay irs provides a brie overview o Marxist eoris of Tird World developmen including e ideas o Marx, Lenin and y posWorld War II dependency eoriss. Next i igligs ey points o coninuiy and disconinuiy beween ese older eories and th curren debae on e NIDL Te essay en concludes wi a discussion o bot e srucural and isorically deermined economic d poliical consrains on e incorporaion of e Tird World ino th NIDL beore seing ou some quesions or uure rearc.
M Th d h Thd Wld
Since muc o wa is reerred o as te Tird World was und colonial dominaion by the naions o Europe in te mid19 cenuy, Marxs views mus be inrreed roug is views on coonilism (Avineri 1968). Because e saw capitalism as a progressve foc, Marx oug tt colonilism woud benefit the colonis by introducing capitalis relations. Capialis was progrssv bcus it had an endogenous dynamism wic earier socoeconomic systms laced Te very survival o capitalism inged on its continuing ability to revolutionize its means o producion. As economic ctivity po-vided te basis or socil sructu, suc dynamism exnded to th
Berkeley Planning)ournal9 (1994, 109-124