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Boiler Pr. Parts

Boiler Pr. Parts

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Published by: api-19986783 on Dec 03, 2009
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03/18/2014

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INTRODUCTION:
In general the heat absorbing parts subject tointernal pressure in a boiler will be called as pressureparts. The main pressure parts in a boiler will be asfollows:-Drums, Water walls, Super heaters, Re heaters,Economisersand valves & fittings. The Drum, Downcomers, water wall headers and water walls will form thecirculation system and cover the furnace zone. The drumprovides the necessary space for locating the steamseparating equipments for separation of steam frommixture of steam and water.
 
It also serves as a reservoir for the supply of water to circulation system to avoid possiblestarvation during operation. Super heaters are used toraise the steam temperature above the saturationtemperature by absorbing heat from flue gas toincrease the cycle efficiency. For utility boilers whichare meant for power generation, the super heater outlet temperature is limited to 540
±
5
°
C due tometallurgical considerations. Re heaters are used toraise the steam temperature to the same super heater temperature but at a lower pressure since steam flowthrough re heater takes place after HP stage turbine.Economisersare used to absorb heat from the fluegases and add this as sensible heat to the feed water before water enters the evaporation circuit of theboiler.

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