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quants

# quants

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07/06/2013

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quants concepts
=====================================================================32^32=(1024)^
16=(24)^16= (576)^8=(24)^8=(24)^4=24^2=576 .Hence second last digit=7.
=========================
An extension of the same problem:
1111.......n times is a composite number for sure only when n is composite number.
==================================
oday's funda...it's a combination of few of my old posts...

factorial based questions asking no. of zeroes and max power of sum integer.
Find the no. of zeroes at the right end of 300!
for every zero, we require 10..n every 10 is made up of 5x2.

in the expression 1x2x3...300, multiples of 2 wud obviously be more than the

multiples of 5...so v need to find the maximum power of 5 in 300!
300/5 = 60 (because every fifth no. is a multiple of 5)
300/25 = 12(because every mutiple of 25 has two 5s in it) or, 60/5=12
300/125 = 3 (because multiples of 125 have three 5s in it) or,

12/5 = 2
now 2 cannot be further divided by 5 so add all the quotients...60 + 12 + 2 = 74.
we might also get the same type of questions in a different form,
500! is divisible by 1000^n...what is the max. integral value of n?
now every 1000 is made up of 3 5s and 3 2s....2s are redundant...we need to count

no. of 5s....so find total no. of 5s and divide by 3
500/5 = 100
100/5 = 20

20/5 = 4
100 + 20 + 4 =124
124/3 = 41.33
max integral value is 41.

500! is divisible by 99^n...what is the max. integral value of n?
now every 99 is made of two 3s and one 11. obviously 11 will be the deciding
factor. so count no. of 11s for the answer
500/11 = 45

45/11 = 4
ans will be 49.
so in such questions, just check which prime no. will be the deciding factor and

count the no. of times it occurs. but please understand that highest prime no. is

not necessarily always the deciding factor. see this example:
100! is divisible by 160^n...what is the max. integral value of n?
now 160 = 2^5 * 5^1. now although 5 is the biggest prime no. that 160 is made of,

the deciding factor wud be 2. because five 2s occur less often than one 5 does. so
we'll count the no. of 2s and divide by 5.

100/2 = 50
50/2 = 25
25/2 =12
12/2 = 6
6 /2 = 3
3/2 = 1

97/5 = 19.
so the answer wud be 19
had v taken 5 as the deciding factor, the answer wud have been 100/5 + 100/25 = 24

which is more than 19...hence a wrong answer...

when in dilemma as to which prime no. wud be the deciding factor (e.g. a divisor
like 144...its not possible to decide whether 3 or 2 will give the right
answer)....take out answer using both the prime nos...the one thats less is the

50! is divisible by 144^n...what is the max. integral value of n?
144 = 2^4 * 3^2...difficult to decide whether 3 or 2 will be the deciding
factor...
count 2s

50/2=25
25/2=12
12/2=6
6/2=3
3/2=1

sum=47
count 3s
50/3=17

17/3=5

5/3=1
sum = 23
23/2 = 11
a tie...else the smaller value wud have been the answer.
300! is divisible by (24!)^n. what is the max. possible integral value of n?

such questions are tricky...when u expand 24!...u get 1x2x3...24.
in this range the highest prime no. is 23...so maximum power of 23 in 300! will

decide the max value of x...
when v expand 300!...v get a 23 in 23, 46,69,92....
total no of multiples of 23 in 300! will be 300/23 = 13,
forget the fractional part. so the maximum possible answer is 13. hope am

clear...else, feel free to revert.
256! is expanded and expressed in base 576 . how many zeroes will this expression
have on its right end?
such questions are same as finding maximum power of 576 in 256!

576 = 2^6 x 3^2
to get six 2s i have to travel eight places...1x2x3x4x5x6x7x8 has seven 2s. but to
two 3s i have to travel only six places...1x2x3...6 has two 3s...hence 2 will be

the constrain.
total 2s in 256! = 255
hence, no. of zeroes = 256/6 = 42.
just to check...3s = 126, 126/2 = 63>42
ans-42

Questions based on this concept
400! is divisible by x^n. what is the max. possible integral value of n if the
value of x is:

Q1. 300
Q2. 99
Q3. 500
Q4. 320
Q5. 770
Q6. 5200
Q7. 270

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