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OUTDOORS BRIEFLY. - Free Online Library

OUTDOORS BRIEFLY. - Free Online Library

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Published by alivewhiz4204


Byline: The Register-Guard

FLOODED FARM FIELDS BENEFIT NATIVE FISH

CORVALLIS -


Byline: The Register-Guard

FLOODED FARM FIELDS BENEFIT NATIVE FISH

CORVALLIS -

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Published by: alivewhiz4204 on Aug 05, 2014
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08/05/2014

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OUTDOORS BRIEFLY. - Free Online Library 
Byline: The Register-GuardFLOODED FARM FIELDS BENEFIT NATIVE FISHCORVALLIS - Farmers' fields that are seasonally flooded play a role, not only in creating a sanctuaryfor fish during high-velocity water, but in providing access to high-energy foods and places forbreeding, according to researchers at Oregon State University Oregon State University, atCorvallis; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1858 as Corvallis College,opened 1865. In 1868 it was designated Oregon's land-grant agricultural college and was taken overcompletely by the state in 1885. .Even more important, the researchers say, is that these "intermittent watercourses" are dominatedby native fishes whose behavior may have evolved to take advantage of such conditions."Floods have always been a dynamic part of the system, much the same way that snow is for elk in Yellowstone," said Guillermo Giannico, a freshwater fish ecologist at Oregon State University andone of the authors of the study. "Over time, animals will adapt to get the most out of their habitat.We have found that native fish have adjusted their behavior to use these floodplains, mostly inagricultural lands, to great benefit."In their study, the researchers call for the promotion of agricultural conservation practices infloodplain floodplain, level land along the course of a river formed by the deposition of sedimentduring periodic floods. Floodplains contain such features as levees, backswamps, delta plains, andoxbow lakes.  habitats. Although many of the complex channels of streams and rivers in theWillamette Valley have been lost to development, those remaining in these agricultural lands are of benefit to native fishes, Giannico said.The research team studied five sub-basins in theWillamette River drainage - the Luckiamute River,Mary's River and Long Tom River on the west side of the valley, and the Calapooia River and Muddy Creek on the east side. These sub-basins include the high-elevation Cascade Mountains, the hills of the CoastRange and the floor of the Willamette Valley, wheremost of the flooding would occur.Researchers discovered 13 different fish species, andonly three of those species were exotic, or non-native. Even more surprising to researchers was thenumber of native versus exotic individuals. Of the 1,526 fish they captured, almost 99 percent werenatives. The most common were redside shiners (534 individuals) and threespine sticklebacks (347),which were found at nearly three-fourths of the sites. They also found tiny Chinook salmon chinook salmon
 
 Â or king salmonPrized North Pacific food and sport fish (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) of the salmon family. Theaverage weight is about 22 lbs (10 kg), but individuals of 50-80 lbs (22-36 kg) are not unusual.  andcutthroat trout, as well as speckled dace, large-scale suckers and northern pikeminnows, which arenative to the valley.BEAUTIFY Your BACKYARDLearn how to create native backyard habitats during a Nearby Nature workshop from 3 p.m. to 6p.m. Saturday at Alton Baker Park Alton Baker Park is located in Eugene, Oregon, United States,near Autzen Stadium. It features duck ponds, bicycle trails, and a dog park, and directly touches theFerry Street Bridge. . November is the time to plant trees and shrubs so they can develop rootsystems and naturalize nat·u·ral·ize   v. nat·u·ral·ized, nat·u·ral·iz·ing, nat·u·ral·iz·es v.tr.1. To grant full citizenship to (one of foreign birth).2. To adopt (something foreign) into general use.  before the dry Willamette Valley summer. Theworkshop will offer tips on how to create water-wise native plants that support native wildlife. Theinstructors will be Bruce Newhouse, from the City of Springfield Planning and DevelopmentDepartment, and Yotokko Kilpatrick, the founder of Walama Restoration. They will teach aboutWillamette Valley habitats, plants and pollinators. Those attending will be allowed to take starts andseeds home to plant in their own yard. Details: www.nearbynature.org.FISHINGRivers and streams: Last week, Alton Baker Canoe Canal was stocked with 1,500 rainbow trout.Note that non-adipose fin-clipped trout are legal to harvest in the canal.Large brood trout, ranging in size from eight to 18 pounds, were released at Junction City Pond. Thefish are 4- and 5-year-old rainbow trout from ODFW's Roaring River hatchery hatcherya commercial establishment dedicated to the hatching of bird eggs to provide day old chicks andpoults to the poultry industry.hatchery liquidthe contents of unfertilized eggs. Used in petfood manufacture. .
 
ODFW ODFW Oregon Department of Fishand Wildlife  reports that the sturgeon biteon the lower Willamette River is improving.Marine zone: Bank fishing at the mouth of the Elk River has been very good on daysduring and following the big tides."Numerous" 50-pound fish have been caughtthat way, said John Gross of Roaring Fork Guide Service. Low water has made driftboatpassage upriver difficult on both the Elk andSixes. Flies have been the best producer,Gross said, with bait No. 2, and then spoons, spinners and plugs trailing.ODFW reports suggest chinook Chinook, indigenous people of North AmericaChinook (sh?nk`, ch?-), Native American tribe of the Penutian linguistic stock.  catches on theSiuslaw River have been slow to fair. The Alsea River looks like a better bet right now; fall chinook there can be found from the lower bay up to the fishing deadline at Five Rivers. Many fish havemoved upriver above the fishing boundary, but fresh, bright chinook should continue to pulse in overthe next few weeks.HUNTINGTimely tips: At this time the deer are rutting, and hunters can expect to find bucks hanging aroundclose to does. Thick cover on the coast and Cascades will make spotting deer more difficult, buthunters can take advantage of scents and rattling antlers to draw a buck into the open. VIEWINGBest bets: Bald Eagles are now commonly seen along the mainstem portion of the Umpqua Riverfrom Roseburg to Reedsport.- From ODFW and Register-Guard reportsOUTDOORS CALENDAR To submit eventsSubmit listings to: Outdoors@registerguard.com. Events are open to the public and free, unlessotherwise noted.BicyclingWEDNESDAY Senior ride: City of Eugene Adult Services invites senior riders to free, in-town rides departing fromCampbell Center, 155 High St. 10:30 a.m. Details: 682-5318.

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