(1906-89) Irish avant-garde
novelist…For him, the world wobbles on its
axis, and the people who inhabit it do not always think logically or talk sensibly. The structure of a typical absurdist drama is like a spaceship orbiting earth or a Ferris wheel revo
lving on an axle…
WAITING FOR GODOT
En Attendant Godot : Jan 5, 1953 in Theatre de Babylone in Paris, eng version debuted in August, 1955 A Tragicomedy In two acts
Part tragedy part comedy. Its barrenness situates the tragedy. The construct makes possible the comedy.
: coined the term Theatre of absurd. A group of dramatists in 1940s Paris believed life is without apparent meaning or purpose; it is, in short, absurd as French playwright and novelist
(1913-60) wrote in a 1942 Essay, The myth of Sisyphus (Sinner condemned in Tartarus to an eternity of rolling a boulder uphill then watching it roll back down again) paradoxically, the only certainty in life is uncertainty, the absurdist believed. As absurdist dramas in which a play depicts life as meaningless, senseless, and uncertain
generally ends up where it started; nothing has been accomplished and nothing gained. The characters may be uncertain of time and place, and they are virtually the same at the end of the play as they were at the beginning. Abbot and Costello, Laurel and Hardy, Charlie Chaplin ..This is not a play about waiting, in itself waiting. ..We are all born mad. Some remain so. (E) ..Nothing to be done. ..I'm beginning to come round to that opinion. All my life I've tried to put it from me, saying, Vladimir, be reasonable, you haven't yet tried everything. And I resumed the struggle." Vladimir
What do we do, now that we are happy? Wait for Godot," (Vladimir)
…there is nothing to express, no
thing with which to express, nothing from which to express, no power to express, no desire to express, together with the obligation to express. (Samuel)
…We always find something, eh Didi, to give us
the impression that we exist? (E) Vladimir: Yes, yes, we
„re magicians.” …
There is no lack of void. (E)
…Pozzo: I am blind…
(silence) Estragon: Perhaps he can see in the future.
(1934) English playwright,
theatre director, poet, theorist…
A story within a story is a literary device in which one character within a narrative himself narrates. It is difficult to call the sea only a tragedy or a comedy but we can balance the view of two extremes with a renowned critic,
David Herd who guess; “Th
e Sea is tightly knit, well organized and light humored black
comedy, not even a tragicomedy.”
..The play is also an attempt to show supremacy of art over life and it also reveals some of the absurdities of social and religious people; but it is based on illusions and the world inhabited by Hatch and presented in the
play from Mrs. Rafi‟s point is illusionary.
..The illusionary world of both Hatch and Mrs.
Rafi‟s Orpheus is the result of paranoia.
1973 Rf: Shakespeare's The Tempest The play is set in 1907 in an East Anglian seaside community and begins with a tempestuous storm. A well known and loved member of the community dies at sea, and the play explores the reactions of the villagers and the attempts by two young lovers to break away from the constraints of the hierarchical, and sometimes insane, society. At the same time, the draper of the city gets mad while struggling with the town's "First Lady" and believing that aliens from another planet have arrived to invade the city, personified through the best friend of the drowned man. Bond has made use of sea in his play as
Virginia Woolf has done in her novel “To the Light House.”
…this terrible sea, this terrible life.
…in this town you cannot get away from sea.
…they practice all day and night! …One can‟t
play lutes to the sound of the guns (Mrs Rafi) ..this is not your sort of sea. This is real se
where you drown. It‟s not governed by your fancy, twisted laws of gravity.” H
a mix of tragedy and politics, one critic
describes it as “equally
influenced by The tempest, The importance of the being earnest, and Invasion of the body snatcher.
their brains are taken out at night, bit by bit and placed by artificial material brought here in airships. H
…I‟ll take my shears to that little swine. I‟ll
snipe him. H
…A fire that doesn‟t die out. R
I believe in the rat because he has the seeds of the rat-catcher in him. I believe in the rat catcher. ..I drink to keep sane. There
‟s no harm in the
little I drink.
…I am an emphatic lady. …the town is ful
l of her cripples. They are the one she is nicest to.
…the town is full of her victims.
…Kill it! kill it! kill it!