Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1


Ratings: (0)|Views: 225|Likes:
Published by api-25885200

More info:

Published by: api-25885200 on Dec 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Tidal power
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation,s earch
Renewable energy

Hydro power
Solar power

Tidal power
Wave power
Wind power
Tidal power, sometimes called tidal energy, is a form ofhydropow er that converts the
energy oftides into electricity or other useful forms of power.

Although not yet widely used, tidal power has potential for future electricity generation.
Tides are more predictable than wind energy and solar power. Historically, tide mills
have been used, both in Europe and on the Atlantic coast of the USA. The earliest
occurrences date from the Middle Ages, or even from Roman times.[1][2]

1 Generation of tidal energy
2 Categories of tidal power
3 Tidal stream generators
3.1 Engineering approaches
3.1.1 Horizontal axis turbines
3.1.2 Vertical axis turbines
3.1.3 Oscillating devices
3.1.4 Venturi effect
3.2 Commercial plans
3.3 Energy calculations
3.4 Potential sites
4 Barrage tidal power
4.1 Ebb generation
4.2 Flood generation
4.3 Pumping
4.4 Two-basin schemes
4.5 Environmental impact
4.5.1 Turbidity
4.5.2 Tidal fences and turbines
4.5.3 Salinity
4.5.4 Sediment movements
4.5.5 Fish
4.6 Energy calculations
4.6.1 Example calculation of tidal power generation
4.7 Economics
5 Mathematical modelling of tidal schemes
6 Global environmental impact
7 Operating tidal power schemes
8 Tidal power schemes being considered
9 See also
10 References
11 Notes
12 External links
[edit] Generation of tidal energy
Main articles:Tide and Tidal acceleration
Tidal power is the only form of energy which derives directly from the relative motions
of theEarth\u2013Moon system, and to a lesser extent from the Earth\u2013Sun system. Thetidal
forces produced by the Moon and Sun, in combination with Earth's rotation, are
responsible for the generation of thetides. Other sources of energy originate directly or
indirectly from the Sun, including fossil fuels, conventional hydroelectric,w ind,biofuels,
wave powerand solar. Nuclear is derived using radioactive material from the Earth,
geothermal power uses the heat of magma below the Earth's crust, which comes from
radioactive decay.
Variation of tides over a day

Tidal energy is generated by the relative motion of the Earth, Sun and the Moon, which
interact via gravitational forces. Periodic changes of water levels, and associated tidal
currents, are due to the gravitational attraction by the Sun and Moon. The magnitude of
the tide at a location is the result of the changing positions of the Moon and Sun relative
to the Earth, the effects of Earth rotation, and the local shape of the sea floor and


Because the Earth's tides are caused by the tidal forces due to gravitational interaction
with the Moon and Sun, and the Earth's rotation, tidal power is practically inexhaustible
and classified as a renewable energy source.

A tidal energy generator uses this phenomenon to generate energy. The stronger the tide,
either in water level height or tidal current velocities, the greater the potential for tidal
energy generation.

Tidal movement causes a continual loss of mechanical energy in the Earth\u2013Moon system
due to pumping of water through the natural restrictions around coastlines, and due to
viscous dissipation at the seabed and in turbulence. This loss of energy has caused the

rotation of the Earth to slow in the 4.5 billion years since formation. During the last 620 million years the period of rotation has increased from 21.9 hours to the 24 hours[3] we see now; in this period the Earth has lost 17% of its rotational energy. While tidal power may take additional energy from the system, increasing the rate of slowdown, the effect would be noticeable over millions of years only, thus being negligible.

[edit] Categories of tidal power
Tidal power can be classified into two main types:

Activity (12)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
Amber Nelessen liked this
bhbatson liked this
Mangesh Kumbhar liked this
Mangesh Kumbhar liked this
Mangesh Kumbhar liked this
ravisexton liked this
ravisexton liked this
Xiaohui Su liked this
arpit0702 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->