COM PRESSORj LIMITER
Defln'tlon: A compressor educes he dynamic rangeot a signal by attenuating peaks and amplitying valleys.A limiter only restricts the peaks ot a signal. This unitcombines elements ot both.
Figure 5-45Compressor mounted in a Vector-Pak card moduleprior to installation in the pedalboard project (No.23).
Level of Difficulty: lntermediate
Background:Compression and limiting have been used or mony yearsin studio s, radio stations, commercials, communications,and mony other applications. Dynamic range reductionprevents overloading oftapes, thus minimizingdistortion:increases he apparent sustain of stringed (percussive) in-struments; and improves intelligibility with speech andPA systems. When play ing guitar through a compressor,for example, single-note lines or fuli six-string chordssound equally lo ud.
Construction Tips;While not an extremely critical circuit, please note thefollowing precautions.This project uses a CLM6000 opto-isolator. Refer tothe Genera³ nstructions section at the beginning of thischapter before attempting to solder this part in place.Keep all wiring as short and direct as possible, espe-cially those wires going to Jl, R6, and R7. Keep nputand output leads at least 1 cm (1/2 ) away from eachother.Shield he wires going from pad D to R7, tenninal 2,and rom pad A to R6, tenninals 3 and 2.Using he CompressorIn many ways, compressors le at their best when usedsubtly. Use he minimum amount of compression eces-sary to get the effect you want. Guitar players shouldnote that a compressor nly increases he apparent sus-tain of a guitar; i.e., it cannot make a string vibrate any~onger, ut instead amplifies he string more as t decays.. Plug nstrument nto Jl and patch J2 to your amp.Start with both controls ul1y counterclockwise.Features. Fast attack, s³ow decay esponse. 10:1 compression atio over 50-dBrange see Spec-ifications). Also functions as compressing reamp or convert-ing low-Ievel signa1s o compressed, igh-Ievel sig-na1s. Choice of line-Ievel or low-Ievel operation set bysingle esistor
. Operates rom 9 to t15V. Separate ompression nd output controls
. Suitable or recording r stage se. Excellent requency esponse haracteristics