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JMET 2006 Original Paper

JMET 2006 Original Paper

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Published by: Brian Williams on Dec 03, 2009
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JMET 2006 Original Paper
 SECTION 1: VERBAL COMMUNICATION (Questions 1 – 40)
 Directions: Questions 1 – 3 relate to the passage given below:
 
Number of words in this passage : 325
 
W
hen I started working during the late 1960s and early ’70s I was the proud owner of a slide rule. Itwas a low-mileage model, as I only knew how to work out percentages on it, but even that was better than struggling with long multiplication or logarithms to do the same work as some of my colleagueswere wont to do. The point is that this was only three decades ago, and the pocket calculator had still not beeninvented. I remember, in the early 1970s, sitting in a meeting in the viewing room of the advertising agency Iworked for, taking part in a discussion with our client, Procter and Gamble, on whether thecommercial which had just been approved should be shot in black-and-white, or colour. Thediscussion, as with most discussions with that client, was long and carefully articulated on both sides.The agency, of course, looked to the future, and argued strongly for colour. We were finally overruled,on the grounds that there were still too few colour TV sets in existence for it to be worth the extrainvestment in colour film. At the same period, I recall the excitement of the company’s first computer being delivered. Theaccounts’ office window was temporarily removed, while the computer was swung into place by acrane especially hired for the purpose. The computer power was probably less than a PersonalOrganiser. Not only was colour television a rarity, and the personal computer still some way off, other everydayobjects had still to be invented, like the digital watch or the camcorder. How we existed without suchbasic everyday tools I now find hard to imagine. The truth is that we and our parents and grandparents before us – and their forebears before themstretching back over the past two centuries – have seen and accommodated huge technical advancesand social changes. Many of these changes have not only been big – they’ve been fast. 
1.
Which of the following inferences in the MOST APPROPRIATE as per the passage above?(A) Change is a process of struggling against existing ideas.(B) The world has changed rapidly since the 1960s and ‘70s.(C) Change is exciting, especially in the field of technology.(D) The world has been changing significantly for a long time. 
Explanatory Note:
The concluding paragraph clearly states that changes have been taking place over the past twocenturies. Choice (D) is the mostappropriate.Choice (D) 
2.
Which of the following statements is MOST ACCURATE in terms of the passage above?(A) Colour commercial was ruled out because colour photography was in its infancy.(B) An office window had to be dismantled so as to put the computer inside.(C) The digital camcorder had not yet been invented in the 1970s.(D) Slide rules could calculate percentages, multiplication and logarithms 
Explanatory Note:
Choice (C) is the most appropriate answer. The passage says colour TV sets were few – it doesnot say colour photography was in its infancy. Paragraph 4 says that the office window wastemporarily removed. Hence choice (B) is also wrong. From the first paragraph we can infer thatchoice (D) is also not accurate. Choice (C) 
 
3.
The MOST APPROPRIATE title for the above passage could be(A) “Changes since the 1960s” (B) “Accepting change” (C) “Changes andobsolescence” (D) “The changing world” 
Explanatory Note:
The passage, in general, talks about the changes which have taken place in the world over thepast two centuries. Hence the title ‘the changing world’ seems to be the most appropriate for thepassage. Choice (D)
Directions: In Questions 4 and 5, choose the option which is OPPOSITE in meaning to theCAPITALIZED word.
 
4.
TYRO(A) Expert (B) Tyrannical (C) Beginner (D) Tycoon 
Solution:
The word ‘expert’ is an antonym of the word ‘tyro’ (an inexperiencedperson). Choice (A)
5.
STIGMA(A) Horror (B) Humour (C) Honour (D) Holler  
Solution:
‘Honour’ is an antonym of ‘stigma’(dishonour). Choice (C)
Directions: In Questions 6 and 7, fill in the blanks with the option containing the MOSTAPPROPRIATE set of words.
 
6.
We are more likely to believe a story told by someone we consider _______ than someone wehave learnt not to trust, so the reputation of the narrator ______ the story.(A) spurious, negates (B) honest, validates (C) objective,officiates (D) adorable, dominates 
Solution:
The sentence states that we do not believe a story which is told by a person whom we do not trustTherefore we are more likely to believe a story told by an honest person. Thus the reputation of the narrator ‘validates’ (authenticates) the story. The words ‘spurious’ (false) and ‘negates’,‘objective’ (unbiased) and ‘officiates’ (supervises) ‘adorable’ and ‘dominates’ are not apt in thegivencontext.Choice (B) 
.
This will require a culture of _______ and should allow diversity to _______.(A) sympathy, display (B) stamina, flaunt (C) resilience,brandish (D) tolerance, flourish 
Solution:
Logically, option D is the most appropriate because only a culture which is tolerant will allowdiversity to flourish. Although the first words of options A and C may be possible in the first blank,the words displayand brandish(flaunt) are inappropriate in the secondblank. Choice (D)
Directions: In Questions 8 and 9, carefully read the sentences given below and identify thegrammatically INCORRECT option to fill in the blank.
 
8.
There are more flowers here _______ earlier.(A) than there used to be (B) than there was (C) than there hadbeen (D) than there were 
Solution:
Option B is incorrect because ‘flowers’ is plural. Hence it should be denoted by the plural verb‘were’. Choice (B)
 
9.
This strategy has proved very successful for Nike, but to keep ahead of competition they mustkeep _______ new factory sites and sourcing cheap workers.(A) searching (B) exploring (C) surveying (D) scrutinizing 
Solution:
The word ‘searching’ is the only incorrect option, for ‘searching’ always takes the preposition‘for’. Choice (A)
Directions: In Questions 10 and 11, choose the option that is CLOSEST in meaning tothe CAPITALIZED word.
 
10.
GRIT(A) Grid (B) Grind (C) Grin (D) Grill 
Solution:
The word ‘grind’ is closest in meaning to the word ‘grit’ because the word grit means ‘clench’(teeth). Choice (B)
1.
INEXPLICABLE(A) Incomprehensible (B) Indelible (C) Inextricable (D) Inf allible 
Solution:
The word ‘inexplicable’ means‘incomprehensible’. Choice (A)
Directions: In Questions 12 – 14, select the pair of words that best expresses arelationship SIMILAR to the pair in CAPITAL letters.
 
12.
COMMUNE : COMMUTE(A) Converse : Interact (B) Announce : Lighten (C) Communicate :Travel (D) Declare : Exchange 
Solution:
Option C seems to be the most appropriate answer because the words ‘commune’ and‘communicate’ are synonymous. Similarly the words ‘commute’ and ‘travel’ convey the samemeaning. Choice (C)
13.
PIRATE : PIROUETTE(A) Marauder : Dive (B) Criminal : Tumble (C) Convict : Spin (D) Buccaneer :Gyrate 
Solution:
Only option D best expresses the relationship stated in the capitalized pair because the words‘pirateand buccaneerare synonyms. Similarly pirouetteand ‘gyratearesynonymous. Choice (D)
14.
PROVINCIALISM : PAROCHIALISM(A) Dilettante : Inexpert (B) Miscegenation : Mitigation (C) Meretricious :Sober (D) Decadent : Resplendent 
Solution:
The words ‘provincialism’ and ‘parochialism’ express a synonymous relationship. Similarly thewords ‘dilettante’ and ‘inexpert’ are synonymous because a dilettante pursues a particular art onlyas a hobby but has not acquired expertise in it. Therefore option A is morelogical. Choice(A)c
Directions: Question 15 consists of four groups of jumbled phrases, only ONE of which isgrammatically correct. Identify the CORRECT option.
 
15.
(A) matured, venture capital has undergone still another redefinition, returning / at least in part toits early roots in fundingmature / now as the technology business has / businesses, in technology and in other segments as well

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