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Organic Gardening Workshop

Organic Gardening Workshop

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Published by leekfixer
Outline of our winter 2010 6 week intensive organic gardening workshop
Outline of our winter 2010 6 week intensive organic gardening workshop

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Published by: leekfixer on Dec 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/10/2013

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ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP.oo3
ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP
1Overview of a Diversified Micro-scale Food Production System 
1.1Vegetables 1.2Frui1.3Mushroom1.4Poultr1.5Waste Stream Managemen
2Organic Soil Preparation and Management 
2.1Understanding How Soils Function 
2.1.1Soil Components2.1.2Soil Structure2.1.3Soil Texture2.1.4Nutrient Management
2.1.4.1The Role of Organic Matter2.1.4.2The Role Microorganisms2.1.4.3The Role of Minerals
2.2The Living Soi
2.2.1Compost
2.2.1.1What is it?2.2.1.2How Much Do I Need?2.2.1.3Where do I Get It?
2.2.1.3.1 Outside Sources2.2.1.3.2 Make Your own2.2.1.3.3 Vermiculture
2.3Mineral Nutrient2.4Tillage and Soil Preparation 2.5Ongoing Soil Management 
3Design Principles, Siting and Layou
3.1Site Analysi
3.1.1Light and Shade3.1.2Surface Water Flow3.1.3Soils
3.2Needs Assessment 
 
 
ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP
3.2.1What do I Want to Grow3.2.2How Much Do I Want to Grow
3.2.2.1Personal Consumption3.2.2.2Sell for Profit
3.2.3How Much Time Do I Have3.2.4What Equipment Do I Need
3.3What Goes Where? 
Space RequirementsLight RequirementsWater Requirements
4Crop Planning, Sequencing and Rotation 
4.1What Will Grow in Each Season? 4.2When Do I Need To Plant What? 4.3How Long Does It Take for a Crop to Mature 4.4Developing a Crop Rotation 
4.4.1Nomenclature
4.4.1.1Why is it important - many of the most common vegetables are in the same family. Theyhave the same pests and take the same nutrients from the soil. By knowing which plantsare related to one another you can develop a crop rotation avoids growing relatedvegetables in the same beds from one year to the next.
4.4.1.1.1 Families
4.4.1.1.1.1Brassicas - kale, collards, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, radish, arugula,turnip, mustard, asian greens, rutabaga, tatsoi, komatsuna, bok choy, kohlrabi4.4.1.1.1.2Solanaceous (nightshade) species - eggplant, potato, tomato, pepper, tomatillo,petunia, datura, angels trumpet,4.4.1.1.1.3Leguminous species - peas, beans, clover, alfalfa, vetch4.4.1.1.1.3.1Nitrogen fixation - plants in this family have a symbiotic relationship withthe rhizobium family of bacteria which grow in the roots of the plant andfix nitrogen from the air in the soil which is used by the plants.4.4.1.1.1.3.1.1inoculation - It is necessary to inoculate the seed with the specificspecies of bacteria for each plant to take advantage of the nitrogenfixation. You inoculate the seed by coating it with the bacteria whichcomes in the form of a black powder.4.4.1.1.1.4Cucurbits - cucumber, squash, melons, gourds, pumpkins, zucchini
4.5Multi-cropping System
5Plant Propagatio
5.1Seed Starting 
5.1.1Plug Production
5.1.1.11st true leaves / cotyledons - the first leaves that emerge from a seed are calledcotyledons. The next leaves are the first true leaves. Sometimes you will see instructionson a seed packet that says to transplant when the first true leaves appear.
 
 
ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP
 5.1.2Direct Seeding
5.2Seed Saving 
5.2.1Biennial - a biennial grows vegetatively the first year. It goes through a process called vernalization (short days and cold weather) in the fall and winter which stimulates to flower and produce seeds the following spring then dies. Examples are carrots and parsley.5.2.2Annual - An annual grows, flowers, produces seeds and dies in one season.5.2.3Open pollinate
5.2.3.1Open pollination
ispollinationbyinsects,birds,wind, or other naturalmechanisms. Theseedsof open-pollinatedplantswill produce newgenerationsof those plants; however, becausebreeding is uncontrolled and the pollen (male parent) source isunknown, open pollination results in plants that vary widely ingenetictraits.Open pollination increasesbiodiversitybut results in someplants less suitable for their environment or intended humanuse. This is in contrast with hand pollination, which iscontrolled so that all seeds of a crop carry the same traits.Another type, hybrid pollination, increases suitability, especiallythroughheterosis, but decreases biodiversity. Some hybridstrains areinbredand selected for desired traits until a strainthat breeds true by open pollination can be developed.One of the bigger challenges in maintaining a strain by openpollination is avoiding introduction of pollination by otherstrains. Based on how broadly the pollen for the plant tends todisperse, it can be controlled to varying degrees bygreenhouses, tall wall enclosures, or field isolation.(source:wikipedia)
5.2.4F-1 hybrid 
5.2.4.1Crossing specific parent plants produces ahybrid seed(plant) by means of controlledpollination. To produce consistent F1hybrids, the original cross must be repeated each season. Asin the original cross, in plants this is usually done throughcontrolled hand-pollination, and explains why F1 seeds canoften be expensive. (source: wikipedia)
 

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