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Dot bien zen

Dot bien zen

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Published by api-3822369

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Published by: api-3822369 on Dec 03, 2009
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03/27/2014

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Ch\u1ee7 \u0111\u1ec1 1 : BI\u1ebeN D\u1eca

\u0110\u1ed8T BI\u1ebeN GEN
C\u00e2u 1: \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i:
A. Ch\u1ec9 x\u1ea3y ra tr\u00ean ph\u00e2n t\u1eed ADN

B. Ch\u1ec9 x\u1ea3y ra tr\u00ean NST
C. Ch\u1ec9 x\u1ea3y ra tr\u00ean c\u00e1c c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u1ee7a gen
D. X\u1ea3y ra tr\u00ean c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac, v\u1eadt ch\u1ea5t di truy\u1ec1n
C\u00e2u 2 : Nh\u1eefng nguy\u00ean nh\u00e2n n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ef1 bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i v\u1eadt

li\u1ec7u di truy\u1ec1n : 1. Nh\u1eefng sai s\u00f3t trong l\u00fac t\u00e1i b\u1ea3n.
2. C\u00e1c gen g\u00e2y \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u1ed9i t\u1ea1i. 3. C\u00e1c y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 di truy\u1ec1n v\u1eadn \u0111\u1ed9ng
4. C\u00e1c qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh t\u00e1i t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3p di truy\u1ec1n.

5. Anh h\u01b0\u1edfng c\u1ee7a
c\u00e1c t\u00e1c nh\u00e2n g\u00e2y \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn b\u00ean trong v\u00e0 ngo\u00e0i t\u1ebf b\u00e0o.
C\u00e2u tr\u1ea3 l\u1eddi \u0111\u00fang l\u00e0 :

A. 4 v\u00e0 5
B. 1 v\u00e0 5 C. 3 v\u00e0 5
D. 1,2,3,4 v\u00e0 5

C\u00e2u 3 : Hi\u1ec7n t\u01b0\u1ee3ng n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn?
A. M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 lo\u00e0i th\u00fa thay \u0111\u1ed5i m\u00e0u s\u1eafc, \u0111\u1ed9 d\u00e0y c\u1ee7a b\u1ed9 l\u00f4ng theo m\u00f9a.
B. C\u00e2y s\u1ed3i r\u1ee5ng l\u00e1 v\u00e0o C\u00e2u\u1ed1i m\u00f9a thu v\u00e0 ra l\u00e1 non v\u00e0o m\u00f9a xu\u00e2n

C. Ng\u01b0\u1eddi b\u1ecb b\u1ea1ch t\u1ea1ng c\u00f3 da tr\u1eafng, t\u00f3c tr\u1eafng, m\u1eaft h\u1ed3ng.

D. S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng h\u1ed3ng c\u1ea7u trong m\u00e1u c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi t\u0103ng khi \u0111i l\u00ean n\u00fai cao
C\u00e2u 4 : T\u00ednh ch\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 :
A. \u0110\u1ed3ng lo\u1ea1t, kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ecbnh h\u01b0\u1edbng, \u0111\u1ed9t ng\u1ed9t.
B. X\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh, \u0111\u1ed3ng lo\u1ea1t, \u0111\u1ed9t ng\u1ed9t.
C. Ri\u00eang l\u1ebd, \u0111\u1ecbnh h\u01b0\u1edbng, \u0111\u1ed9t ng\u1ed9t.

D. Ri\u00eang l\u1ebd, ng\u1eabu nhi\u00ean, kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh, \u0111\u1ed9t ng\u1ed9t.
C\u00e2u 5 : Th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 :A. Nh\u1eefng c\u00e1 th\u1ec3 mang \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u00e3 th\u1ec3
hi\u1ec7n tr\u00ean ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh c\u1ee7a c\u01a1 th\u1ec3.

B. T\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c t\u1ebf b\u00e0o b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn.
C. T\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c d\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn c\u1ee7a c\u01a1 th\u1ec3.
D. T\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c ki\u1ec3u gen trong t\u1ebf b\u00e0o c\u1ee7a c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn
C\u00e2u 6: C\u00e1 th\u1ec3 mang \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111 bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n trn ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi

l\u00e0:A.Th\u01b0\u1eddng bi\u1ebfnB.\u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfnC.Bi\u1ebfn d\u1ecb t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3pD.Th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn
C\u00e2u 7 : Ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 \u0111\u00fang v\u1ec1 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn?
A. Th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 mang \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u00e3 bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n ra ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh
B. Th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 mang \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn nh\u01b0ng ch\u01b0a bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n ra
ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh.
C. Th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 mang \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn nh\u01b0ng kh\u00f4ng bao gi\u1edd
bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n ra ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh.
D. Th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 mang bi\u1ebfn d\u1ecb t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3p \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n ra
ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh.
C\u00e2u 8 : C\u01a1 ch\u1ebf ph\u00e1t sinh bi\u1ebfn d\u1ecb t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3p l\u00e0 :
A. S\u1ef1 k\u1ebft h\u1ee3p ng\u1eabu nhi\u00ean c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i giao t\u1eed.

B. S\u1ef1 t\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u00e1c gi\u1eefa gen v\u00e0 m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng.
C. S\u1ef1 xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n c\u00e1c ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh m\u1edbi ch\u01b0a c\u00f3 \u1edf b\u1ed1 m\u1eb9.
D. S\u1ef1 t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3p l\u1ea1i c\u00e1c t\u00ednh tr\u1ea1ng \u0111\u00e3 c\u00f3 t\u1eeb tr\u01b0\u1edbc.
C\u00e2u 9 : Bi\u1ebfn d\u1ecb t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3p l\u00e0 :
A. Bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh do t\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9ng tr\u1ef1c ti\u1ebfp c\u1ee7a m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng
B. Bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i ki\u1ec3u gen do s\u1ef1 ph\u00e2n li kh\u00f4ng b\u00ecnh tr\u01b0\u1eddng c\u1ee7a nhi\u1ec5m

s\u1eafc th\u1ec3 trong ph\u00e2n b\u00e0o.
C. Bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i do s\u1eafp x\u1ebfp l\u1ea1i v\u1eadt ch\u1ea5t di truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng qua
qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh sinh s\u1ea3n
D. Bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i gen do c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac ADN d\u1ecb \u0111\u1ee9t g\u00e3y
C\u00e2u 10 : Nh\u1eefng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i x\u1ea3y ra c\u00f3 li\u00ean quan \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ef1 s\u1eafp x\u1ebfp l\u1ea1i
v\u1eadt ch\u00e2t di truy\u1ec1n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0:
A. Bi\u1ebfn d\u1ecb t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3pC. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn c\u1ea5u trc NST

B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng NST
C\u00e2u 11 : \u0110\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y \u0111\u00fang :
A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i trong c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen li\u00ean

quan \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t ho\u1eb7c m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 \u0111o\u1ea1n ADN x\u1ea3y ra t\u1ea1i m\u1ed9t \u0111i\u1ec3m n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3
c\u1ee7a ph\u00e2n t\u1eed ADN.
B. \u0110BG l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i trong c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a ADN li\u00ean quan \u0111\u1ebfn
m\u1ed9t ho\u1eb7c m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 NST trong b\u1ed9 NST.
C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i trong c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen li\u00ean
quan \u0111\u1ebfn m\u1ed9t ho\u1eb7c m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit x\u1ea3y ra \u1edf m\u1ed9t \u0111i\u1ec3m n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3
c\u1ee7a ph\u00e2n t\u1eed ADN.
D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i trong c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen li\u00ean
quan \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ef1 bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c baz\u01a1 nitric A, T, G, X c\u00e1c v\u1ecb tr\u00ed ng\u1eabu
nhi\u00ean tr\u00ean ph\u00e2n t\u1eed ADN.
C\u00e2u 12 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0 g\u00ec?
A. T\u1ea1o ra nh\u1eefng alen m\u1edbi
B. S\u1ef1 bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1ed9t hay m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit trong gen

C. S\u1ef1 bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1ed9t nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit trong gen
D. T\u1ea1o n\u00ean nh\u1eefng ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh m\u1edbi.
C\u00e2u 13: \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l: A. Nh\u1eefng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i tr\u00ean c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen
B. Lo\u1ea1i bi\u1ebfn d\u1ecb di truy\u1ec1n
C. Bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i x\u1ea3y ra tr\u00ean m\u1ed9t hay m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 \u0111i\u1ec3m n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3 c\u1ee7a ph\u00e2n t\u1eed

ADN
D. C\u1ea3 A, B, C \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang
C\u00e2u 14 : Ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u00fang v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0 :
A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0m bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1ed9t ho\u1eb7c m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit trong
c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen.
B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0m ph\u00e1t sinh c\u00e1c alen m\u1edbi trong qu\u1ea7n th\u1ec3
C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0m bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i \u0111\u1ed9t ng\u1ed9t m\u1ed9t ho\u1eb7c m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 t\u00ednh tr\u1ea1ng
n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3 tr\u00ean c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 sinh v\u1eadt.
D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u1ee7a gen tr\u00ean nhi\u1ec5m s\u1eafc th\u1ec3
C\u00e2u 15 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen ch\u1ea5t t\u1ebf b\u00e0o c\u00f3 \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m l\u00e0 :
A. T\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u00e1c qua l\u1ea1i v\u1edbi gen tr\u00ean NST v\u00e0 c\u00f3 v\u1ecb tr\u00ed quan tr\u1ecdng,
c\u0169ng l\u00e0 nguy\u00ean li\u1ec7u cho ti\u1ebfn h\u00f3a.
B.C\u00f3 s\u1ef1 \u1ed5n \u0111\u1ecbnh, b\u1ec1n v\u1eefng v\u00e0 di truy\u1ec1n cho \u0111\u1eddi sau theo d\u00f2ng m\u1eb9
C. T\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o lo\u1ea1i t\u00e1c nh\u00e2n g\u00e2y \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn.
D. Bao g\u1ed3m c\u1ea3 3 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng \u00e1n
C\u00e2u 16 : Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh
s\u1ea3n h\u1eefu t\u00ednh?
A. \u0110B giao t\u1eed.
B. \u0110B x\u00f4ma
C. \u0110B trong h\u1ee3p t\u1eed.
D. \u0110B ti\u1ec1n ph\u00f4i
C\u00e2u 17 : Bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i c\u1ee7a c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit :
(2)
C\u1eb7p (1) l\u00e0 d\u1ea1ng :
A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit
B. Th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn
C. Ti\u1ec1n \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn

D. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed nul\u00ea\u00f4tit
C\u00e2u 18: D\u1ea1ng bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen?
A. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit

B. Thay th\u1ebf hai c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit
C. Trao \u0111\u1ed5i gen gi\u1eefa 2 nhi\u1ec5m s\u1eafc th\u1ec3 c\u00f9ng c\u1eb7p t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u0111\u1ed3ngD.
Thm 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit
C\u00e2u 19: Ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 c\u01a1 ch\u1ebf ph\u00e1t sinh
\u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen?
A. S\u1ef1 trao \u0111\u1ed5i ch\u00e9o kh\u00f4ng b\u00ecnh th\u01b0\u1eddng gi\u1eefa c\u00e1c cr\u00f4matit
B. Ph\u00e2n t\u1eed ADN b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ee9t d\u01b0\u1edbi t\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c t\u00e1c nh\u00e2n g\u00e2y \u0111\u1ed9t
bi\u1ebfn

C. R\u1ed1i lo\u1ea1n trong nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i ADN
D. ADN b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ee9t v\u00e0 \u0111o\u1ea1n \u0111\u1ee9t ra g\u1eafn v\u00e0o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed kh\u00e1c c\u1ee7a pt\u1eed ADN \u0111\u00f3
C\u00e2u 20 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o :
A. Li\u1ec1u l\u01b0\u1ee3ng, c\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee7a lo\u1ea1i t\u00e1c nh\u00e2n.
B. Th\u1eddi \u0111i\u1ec3m x\u1ea3y ra \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn, \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen.
C. Li\u1ec1u l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a lo\u1ea1i t\u00e1c nh\u00e2n v\u00e0 \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen.

D. Li\u1ec1u l\u01b0\u1ee3ng, c\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee7a lo\u1ea1i t\u00e1c nh\u00e2n v\u00e0 \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac
c\u1ee7a gen
C\u00e2u 21 : T\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u1edf m\u1ed9t gen ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o

1. s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng gen c\u00f3 trong ki\u1ec3u gen. 2. \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u1ee7a gen.
3. c\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u1ed9, li\u1ec1u l\u01b0\u1ee3ng, lo\u1ea1i t\u00e1c nh\u00e2n g\u00e2y \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn.
4. s\u1ee9c ch\u1ed1ng ch\u1ecbu c\u1ee7a c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 d\u01b0\u1edbi t\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng.

A. (2), (3)
B. (1), (2)
C. (2), (4) D. (3), (4)
C\u00e2u 22 : Ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y v\u1ec1 s\u1ef1 bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n ki\u1ec3u h\u00ecnh c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed9t
bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0 \u0111\u00fang?
A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u1eb7n kh\u00f4ng bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c.
B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen tr\u1ed9i bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n khi \u1edf th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed3ng h\u1ee3p ho\u1eb7c d\u1ecb h\u1ee3p

C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u1eb7n ch\u1ec9 bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n khi \u1edf th\u1ec3 d\u1ecb h\u1ee3p.
D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen tr\u1ed9i ch\u1ec9 bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n khi \u1edf th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed3ng h\u1ee3p.
C\u00e2u 23 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen tr\u1ed9i x\u1ea3y ra \u1edf t\u1ebf b\u00e0o sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng s\u1ebd \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c

bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o?
A. V\u00e0o h\u1ee3p t\u1eed \u1edf tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i d\u1ecb h\u1ee3p
B. T\u1ea1o th\u1ec3 kh\u1ea3m
C. \u0110\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u00e2n l\u00ean trong ph\u1ea1m vi c\u1ee7a m\u00f4.

D.T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u sai
D. Kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 c\u00e2u tr\u1ea3 l\u1eddi \u0111\u00fang
C\u00e2u 24 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u1eb7n x\u1ea3y ra \u1edf t\u1ebf b\u00e0o sinh d\u1ee5c s\u1ebd \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u1ec3u

hi\u1ec7n nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o?
A. V\u00e0o h\u1ee3p t\u1eed \u1edf tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i d\u1ecb h\u1ee3p
B. T\u1ea1o th\u1ec3 kh\u1ea3m
C. \u0110\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u00e2n l\u00ean trong ph\u1ea1m vi c\u1ee7a m\u00f4.
D.T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u sai
C\u00e2u 25 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn x\u1ea3y ra trong \u2026 (N : nguy\u00ean ph\u00e2n, G : gi\u1ea3m

ph\u00e2n) s\u1ebd xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n \u1edf t\u1ebf b\u00e0o sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng v\u00e0 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u00e2n l\u00ean, n\u1ebfu l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen \u2026 (T : tr\u1ed9i, L : l\u1eb7n) s\u1ebd bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n tr\u00ean \u2026 (B : to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 c\u01a1 th\u1ec3, P : m\u1ed9t ph\u1ea7n c\u01a1 th\u1ec3) t\u1ea1o n\u00ean \u2026 (K : th\u1ec3 kh\u1ea3m, \u0110 : th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn)A. N,T,P,KB. G,T,B,\u0110C. N,T,B,\u0110D. N,L,P,K

C\u00e2u 26: Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh s\u1ea3n sinh
d\u01b0\u1ee1ng?A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn giao t\u1eed
B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ti\u1ec1n ph\u00f4i
C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn x\u00f4ma
D. C\u1ea3 ba lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn tr\u00ean

C\u00e2u 27:Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y t\u1ea1o n\u00ean \u201cth\u1ec3 kh\u1ea3m\u201d tr\u00ean c\u01a1 th\u1ec3?
A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn trong gi\u1ea3m phn t\u1ea1o giao t\u1eed
B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn trong l\u1ea7n nguy\u00ean ph\u00e2n \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean c\u1ee7a h\u1ee3p t\u1eed

C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn trong nguyn phn c\u1ee7a t\u1ebf bo sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng \u1edf m\u1ed9t
m\u00f4 n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3
D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn trong l\u1ea7n nguyn phn th\u1ee9 hai c\u1ee7a h\u1ee3p t\u1eed
(1 )
Nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i
C\u00e2u 28: Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen kh\u01a1ng di truy\u1ec1n qua ss\u1ea3n h\u1eefu t\u00ednh l:
A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn x\u01a1ma
B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn giao t\u1eed
C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ti\u1ec1n ph\u01a1i

D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn giao t\u1eed v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ti\u1ec1n ph\u00f4i
C\u00e2u 29: \u0110i\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang khi n\u00f3i v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ti\u1ec1n ph\u00f4i l\u00e0:
A. Ch\u1ec9 di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh s\u1ea3n h\u1eefu t\u00ednh
B. Kh\u01a1ng di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh s\u1ea3n sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng

C. Di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh s\u1ea3n h\u1eefu t\u00ednh v c\u1ea3 qua sinh s\u1ea3n sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng
D. Kh\u00f4ng di truy\u1ec1n

C\u00e2u 30: \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ti\u1ec1n ph\u00f4i l\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn:
A. X\u1ea3y ra trong qu tr\u00ecnh th\u1ee5 tinh t\u1ea1o h\u1ee3p t\u1eed
B. X\u1ea3y ra trong qu tr\u00ecnh phn h\u1ed1 cc b\u1ed9 ph\u1eadn c\u1ee7a ph\u01a1i

C. X\u1ea3y ra trong c\u00e1c l\u1ea7n nguy\u00ean ph\u00e2n \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean c\u1ee7a h\u1ee3p t\u1eed (giai
\u0111o\u1ea1n 2-8 t\u1ebf b\u00e0o)

D. C\u1ea3 A, B, C \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang .
C\u00e2u 31: Ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y \u0111\u00fang khi n\u00f3i v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn giao t\u1eed?
A. Ch\u1ec9 x\u1ea3y ra d\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen
B. Ch\u1ec9 x\u1ea3y ra d\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac NST

C. X\u1ea3y ra trong qu tr\u00ecnh gi\u1ea3m phn t\u1ea1o giao t\u1eed
D. Ch\u1ec9 x\u1ea3y ra d\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng NST
C\u00e2u 32: \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn x\u1ea3y ra trong qu tr\u00ecnh gi\u1ea3m phn c\u1ee7a t\u1ebf bo sinh
d\u1ee5c ch\u00edn \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0:A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ti\u1ec1n ph\u01a1iB. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn x\u01a1ma
C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn giao t\u1eed

D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng
C\u00e2u 33 : Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh s\u1ea3n h\u1eefu t\u00ednh l\u00e0
A. \u0110B giao t\u1eed

B. \u0110B ti\u1ec1n ph\u00f4i
C. \u0110B x\u00f4ma
D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn giao t\u1eed v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ti\u1ec1n ph\u00f4i.
C\u00e2u 34 : D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen g\u00e2y bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i nhi\u1ec1u nh\u1ea5t trong c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac
chu\u1ed7i p\u00f4lipeptit t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u1ee9ng do gen t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p:
A. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed
B. Th\u00eam
C. M\u1ea5t ho\u1eb7c thay th\u1ebf
D. M\u1ea5t ho\u1eb7c th\u00eam
C\u00e2u 35 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen tr\u1ed9i ph\u00e1t sinh trong qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh nguy\u00ean ph\u00e2n
c\u1ee7a t\u1ebf b\u00e0o sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng
A.di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh s\u1ea3n v\u00f4 t\u00ednh B.nh\u00e2n l\u00ean trong m\u00f4 sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng
C. di truy\u1ec1n qua sinh s\u1ea3n h\u1eefu t\u00ednhD. t\u1ea1o th\u1ec3 kh\u1ea3m
C\u00e2u 36 : \u0110\u1ec3 ph\u00e2n ra \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn sinh d\u1ee5c, \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn xoma, ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta
ph\u1ea3i c\u0103n c\u1ee9 v\u00e0o :A. S\u1ef1 bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn
B. M\u1ee9c \u0111\u1ed9 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn.
C. C\u01a1 quan xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn.

D. M\u1ee9c \u0111\u1ed9 bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed5i c\u1ee7a v\u1eadt ch\u1ea5t di truy\u1ec1n.
C\u00e2u 37 : \u0110a s\u1ed1 c\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn c\u00f3 h\u1ea1i v\u00ec :
A. th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0m m\u1ea5t \u0111i nhi\u1ec1u gen.
B. th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0m t\u0103ng nhi\u1ec1u t\u1ed5 h\u1ee3p gen trong c\u01a1 th\u1ec3.

C. ph\u00e1 v\u1ee1 c\u00e1c m\u1ed1i quan h\u1ec7 ho\u00e0n thi\u1ec7n trong c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 v\u00e0 gi\u1eefa c\u01a1 th\u1ec3
v\u1edbi m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng.
D. th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0m m\u1ea5t kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng sinh s\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a c\u01a1 th\u1ec3.
C\u00e2u 38 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen th\u01b0\u1eddng g\u00e2y h\u1ea1i cho c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 mang \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn,
\u0111i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c gi\u1ea3i th\u00edch l\u00e0 do :
A. l\u00e0m ng\u01b0ng tr\u1ec7 qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh phi\u00ean m\u00e3, ko t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c pr\u00f4t\u00eain
B. l\u00e0m sai l\u1ec7ch th\u00f4ng tin di truy\u1ec1n d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn l\u00e0m r\u1ed1i lo\u1ea1n qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh
sinh t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p pr\u00f4t\u00eain.
C. l\u00e0m cho ADN kh\u00f4ng t\u00e1i b\u1ea3n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn kh\u00f4ng k\u1ebf t\u1ee5c v\u1eadt
ch\u1ea5t gi\u1eefa c\u00e1c th\u1ebf h\u1ec7 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c.

D. c\u01a1 th\u1ec3 sinh v\u1eadt ko ki\u1ec3m so\u00e1t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh t\u00e1i b\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a gen.
C\u00e2u 39 : B\u1ec7nh thi\u1ebfu m\u00e1u h\u1ed3ng c\u1ea7u h\u00ecnh l\u01b0\u1ee1i li\u1ec1m l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t b\u1ec7nh :
A. Di truy\u1ec1n li\u00ean k\u1ebft v\u1edbi gi\u1edbi t\u00ednh
B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen tr\u00ean NST gi\u1edbi t\u00ednh

C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen tr\u00ean NST th\u01b0\u1eddng
D. X\u1ea3y ra do \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t \u0111o\u1ea1n nhi\u1ec5m s\u1eafc th\u1ec3.
C\u00e2u 40 : B\u1ec7nh n\u00e0o d\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y \u1edf ng\u01b0\u1eddi g\u00e2y ra b\u1edfi 1 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen
l\u1eb7n tr\u00ean NST Y ?
A. Teo c\u01a1, m\u00f9 m\u00e0u v\u00e0 t\u1eadt d\u00ednh ng\u00f3n 2 v\u00e0 3
B. T\u1eadt d\u00ednh ng\u00f3n 2 v\u00e0 3
C. T\u1eadt d\u00ednh ng\u00f3n 2 v\u00e0 3 v\u00e0 t\u1eadt c\u00f3 t\u00fam l\u00f4ng \u1edf tai

D. M\u00f9 m\u00e0u v\u00e0 t\u1eadt d\u00ednh ng\u00f3n 2 v\u00e0 3.
C\u00e2u 41 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 g\u00e2y ra :
A. Thay 1 axit amin n\u00e0y b\u1eb1ng axit amin kh\u00e1c
B. C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac pr\u00f4t\u00eain kh\u00f4ng thay \u0111\u1ed5i
C. Gi\u00e1n \u0111o\u1ea1n qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh gi\u1ea3i m\u00e3, ph\u00e2n t\u1eed pr\u00f4t\u00eain c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 kh\u00f4ng

\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p
D. T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c ph\u01b0\u01a1ng \u00e1n b\u00ean
C\u00e2u 42 : Trong c\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn sau \u0111\u00e2y, \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o g\u00e2y h\u1eadu qu\u1ea3
l\u1edbn nh\u1ea5t v\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac?
A.M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean.B.M\u1ea5t 3 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit g\u1ea7n \u0111\u1ea7u gen

C. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit v\u00e0o \u0111o\u1ea1n \u1edf gi\u1eefa gen
D. Thay th\u1ebf m\u1ed9t c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit \u1edf \u0111o\u1ea1n gi\u1eefa gen.
C\u00e2u 43 : D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf m\u1ed9t c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit n\u00e0y b\u1eb1ng m\u1ed9t

c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit kh\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i th\u00ec
A. ch\u1ec9 b\u1ed9 ba c\u00f3 nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit thay th\u1ebf m\u1edbi thay \u0111\u1ed5i c\u00f2n c\u00e1c b\u1ed9 ba kh\u00e1c
kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed5i.

B.to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 c\u00e1c b\u1ed9 ba nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit b\u1ecb thay \u0111\u1ed5i.
C.nhi\u1ec1u b\u1ed9 ba nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit trong gen b\u1ecb thay \u0111\u1ed5i.
D.c\u00e1c b\u1ed9 ba t\u1eeb v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit b\u1ecb thay th\u1ebf \u0111\u1ebfn cu\u1ed1i gen thay \u0111\u1ed5i
C\u00e2u 44: \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0m cho s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1eebng lo\u1ea1i

nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit v\u00e0 s\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen kh\u00f4ng thay \u0111\u1ed5i?
A. Thay c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit ny b\u1eb1ng c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit khc kh\u01a1ng cng lo\u1ea1i
B. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed hai c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit
C. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nucleotit
D. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p nucleotit
C\u00e2u 45 : Ki\u1ec3u \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen n\u00e0o kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i s\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft
hy\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen
A. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p Nu
B. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p Nu
C. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed gi\u1eefa 2 c\u1eb7p Nu
D. Thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p Nu
C\u00e2u 46: Tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m thay
\u0111\u1ed5i s\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen?A. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed hai c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit
B. Thay 2 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X b\u1eb1ng 3 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T
C. Thay 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit ny b\u1eb1ng 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u01a1tit khc cng lo\u1ea1i
D. C\u1ea3 ba tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p tr\u00ean
C\u00e2u 47 : D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m thay
\u0111\u1ed5i s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u1ee7a gen
A. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit
B. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit
C. Thay th\u1ebf 3(A-T)=2(G-X)
D. Kh\u01a1ng c\u00f3 c\u00e2u tr\u1ea3 l\u1eddi \u0111\u00fang
C\u00e2u 48 : D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i
th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u1ee7a gen:
A. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit B. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit
C. Thay th\u1ebf c\u1eb7p A-T b\u1eb1ng c\u1eb7p G-X
D. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e1c c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit.
C\u00e2u 49 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nu \u1edf v\u1ecb tr\u00ed thu\u1ed9c b\u1ed9 ba \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean c\u1ee7a
m\u1ea1ch g\u1ed1c gen d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn pr\u00f4tein thay \u0111\u1ed5i :
A. Axit amin \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean
B. Axit amin cu\u1ed1i c\u00f9ng
C. Axit amin d\u1ea7u ti\u00ean v\u00e0 axit amin cu\u1ed1i c\u00f9ng
D. Ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n c\u00e1c axit amin
C\u00e2u 50 : Ki\u1ec3u \u0110B gen l\u00e0m pr\u00f4t\u00eain t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p t\u1eeb gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn c\u00f3
\u00edt h\u01a1n 1 axit amin v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 axit amin m\u1edbi :
A. M\u1ea5t 3 c\u1eb7p Nu thu\u1ed9c 3 b\u1ed9 ba k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp
B. M\u1ea5t 3 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit thu\u1ed9c 2 b\u1ed9 ba k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp
C. M\u1ea5t 3 c\u1eb7p Nu thu\u1ed9c 1 b\u1ed9 ba m\u00e3 h\u00f3a
D. M\u1ea5t 6 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit.
C\u00e2u 51: M\u1ea1ch g\u1ed1c c\u1ee7a gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t 1 b\u1ed9 ba \u1edf kho\u1ea3ng
gi\u1eefa. Sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn, chu\u1ed7i p\u01a1lipeptit \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p so
v\u1edbi b\u00ecnh th\u01b0\u1eddng s\u1ebd:
A. Kh\u00f4ng thay \u0111\u1ed5i s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng axit amin
B. T\u0103ng 1 (aa)
C. Gi\u1ea3m 1 (aa)D. T\u0103ng 2 (aa)
C\u00e2u 52 : S\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hy\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn t\u0103ng th\u00eam 1 khi
x\u1ea3y ra \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn
A. Thay th\u1ebf 1(A-T) = 1(G-X)
C. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p Nu
B. Thay th\u1ebf 1(G-X) = 1(A-T)
D. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p Nu
C\u00e2u 54 : \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen \u0111\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u1eb7p Nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit s\u1ed1 4 v\u00e0 s\u1ed1 8 d\u1eabn
\u0111\u1ebfn h\u1eadu qu\u1ea3 nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi pr\u00f4t\u00eain t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u1ee9ng
A. Thay th\u1ebf 1 axit aminB. Thay th\u1ebf 2 (aa)
C. M\u1ea5t 1 axit amin
D. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed 2 (aa)
C\u00e2u 55: Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0m cho s\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a
gen kh\u00f4ng thay \u0111\u1ed5i?

A. Thay 3 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T b\u1eb1ng 2 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X B. Thay 2 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X b\u1eb1ng 3 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T C. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed 2 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit

D. C\u1ea3 A, B, C \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang
C\u00e2u 56 : M\u1ed9t gen c\u00f3 t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 A/G = 2/3, t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 1 ph\u00e2n t\u1eed
pr\u00f4t\u00eain c\u00f3 498 axit amin. N\u1ebfu sau khi \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen c\u00f3 t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 A/G =
66,85%. \u0110\u00e2y l\u00e0 d\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf
A. 1(AT)\u2192 1(GX)
B. 1(GX)\u2192 1(AT)
C. 2(AT)\u2192 2(GX)
D. 2(GX)\u2192 2(AT)
C\u00e2u 57 : Gen A d\u00e0i 4080A0 b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn th\u00e0nh gen a. Khi gen a t\u1ef1
nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i m\u1ed9t l\u1ea7n, m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng n\u1ed9i b\u00e0o \u0111\u00e3 cung c\u1ea5p 2398 nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit.
\u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn tr\u00ean thu\u1ed9c d\u1ea1ng
A. m\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit.
B. th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit.
C. Th\u00eam 2 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit. D. m\u1ea5t 2 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit.
C\u00e2u 58 : M\u1ed9t gen c\u00f3 4800 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4 v\u00e0 c\u00f3 t\u1ec9 l\u1ec7 A/G = 1/2, b\u1ecb
\u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn th\u00e0nh alen m\u1edbi c\u00f3 4801 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4. S\u1ed1 nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit m\u1ed7i
lo\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 :
A. T=A=601, G=X=1199 B. T=A=598, G=X=1202
C. T=A=599, G=X=1201D. T=A=600, G=X=1200
C\u00e2u 59: Gen c\u00f3 720 guanin v\u00e0 c\u00f3 A/G=2/3 b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed 2
c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit. S\u1ed1 lk hi\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn
A.3210B.3120 C.2880 D.3240
C\u00e2u 60: Gen A b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t 3 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit lo\u1ea1i A \u2013 T n\u1eb1m
tr\u1ecdn v\u1eb9n trong m\u1ed9t b\u1ed9 ba c\u1ee7a m\u1ed7i m\u1ea1ch. S\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen
sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn :
A. T\u0103ng 9 li\u00ean k\u1ebft
B. Gi\u1ea3m 9 lin k\u1ebft
C. T\u0103ng 6 li\u00ean k\u1ebft
D. Gi\u1ea3m 6 lin k\u1ebft
C\u00e2u 61: Gen A c\u0129 90 v\u1ecbng xo\u1eafn v c\u0129 20% a\u0111\u00eanin b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t 3
c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit lo\u1ea1i A \u2013 T n\u1eb1m tr\u1ecdn v\u1eb9n trong m\u1ed9t b\u1ed9 ba c\u1ee7a m\u1ed7i
m\u1ea1ch. S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1eebng lo\u1ea1i nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0:
A. A=T=357; G=X=540B. A=T=360; G=X=537
C. A=T=363; G=X=540 D. A=T=360; G=X=543
C\u00e2u 62: M\u1ed9t gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn \u1edf \u0111o\u1ea1n gi\u1eefa c\u1ee7a m\u1ea1ch g\u1ed1c
gen m\u1ea5t \u0111i m\u1ed9t b\u1ed9 ba. Nh\u01b0 v\u1eady chi\u1ec1u d\u00e0i c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn s\u1ebd
nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn?
A. T\u0103ng 10,2 \u0103ngstron
B. Gi\u1ea3m 10,2 \u0103ngstron
C. T\u0103ng 20,4 \u0103ngstron
D. Gi\u1ea3m 20,4 \u0103ngstron
C\u00e2u 63: M\u1ed9t gen b\u00ecnh th\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p m\u1ed9t ph\u00e2n t\u1eed

pr\u00f4t\u00eain c\u00f3 498 axit amin. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111 tc \u0111\u1ed9ng tr\u00ean 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit v\u00e0 sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn t\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 nu c\u1ee7a gen b\u1eb1ng 3000. D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen \u0111 x\u1ea3y ra l:A. Thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p nu

B. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nu
C. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p nu
D. \u0110\u1ea3o c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit
C\u00e2u 64: M\u1ed9t gen c\u0129 3000 nucl\u01a1tit v\u00e0 3900 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4. Sau khi

\u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u1edf 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit, gen t\u1ef1 nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 3 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 \u0111 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a
m\u01a1i tr\u01b0\u1eddng 4199 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 6300 guanin. S\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a
gen sau khi b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0:A. 3902B.3898C. 3903D. 3897

C\u00e2u 65: M\u1ed9t gen c\u0129 3000 nucl\u01a1tit v 3900 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4. Sau khi

\u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u1edf 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit, gen t\u1ef1 nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 3 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 \u0111 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a m\u01a1i tr\u01b0\u1eddng 4199 a\u0111\u00eanin, 6300 guanin. T\u1ec9 l\u1ec7 gen \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn tr\u00ean t\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 gen \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ea1o ra qua nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i l\u00e0:

A.3,125%
B.6,25%
C.7,5%
D.12,5%
C\u00e2u 66: M\u1ed9t gen c\u00f3 3000 nu v\u00e0 3900 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4. Sau khi \u0111\u1ed9t

bi\u1ebfn \u1edf 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit, gen t\u1ef1 nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 3 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 \u0111 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a
m\u01a1i tr\u01b0\u1eddng 4199 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 6300 guanin. D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau
\u0111\u00e2y \u0111 x\u1ea3y ra?

A. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X
B. Thm 1 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X
C. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T
D. Thm 1 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T
C\u00e2u 67 : M\u1ed9t gen c\u00f3 3000 nu v\u00e0 3900 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4. Sau khi \u0111\u1ed9t

bi\u1ebfn \u1edf 1 c\u1eb7p nu, gen t\u1ef1 nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 3 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 \u0111 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a m\u01a1i
tr\u01b0\u1eddng 4193A v\u00e0 6300 guanin. S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1eebng lo\u1ea1i nu c\u1ee7a gen sau
\u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0:A. A=T= 450; G=X=1050B. A=T=1050; G=X=450

C. A=T= 599; G=X = 900D. A=T= 900; G=X = 600
C\u00e2u 68: M\u1ed9t gen d\u00e0i 3060 \u0103ngstron, tr\u00ean m\u1ed9t m\u1ea1ch gen c\u00f3
100 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 250 timin. Gen \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn th\u00eam 2 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X v\u00e0 1 c\u1eb7p
A \u2013 T. S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1eebng lo\u1ea1i nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0:
A. A=T=352; G = X =551B. A=T=351; G = X = 552
C. A=T=550; G = X = 352 D. A=T=549; G = X = 348
C\u00e2u 69: Ph\u00e2n t\u1eed mARN \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p t\u1eeb m\u1ed9t gen \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn c\u00f3

rib\u00f4nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit lo\u1ea1i guanin gi\u1ea3m 1, c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i c\u00f2n l\u1ea1i kh\u00f4ng thay \u0111\u1ed5i so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn. D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y \u0111\u00e3 x\u1ea3y ra \u1edf gen n\u00f3i tr\u00ean?A. Th\u00eam 1 G \u2013 X

B. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X
C. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T
D. M\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T
C\u00e2u 70: M\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i gen c\u1ea5u trc c\u0129 ch\u1ee9a 90 v\u1ecbng xo\u1eafn v 20% s\u1ed1

nucl\u01a1tit thu\u1ed9c lo\u1ea1i a\u0111\u00eanin. Gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn d\u01b0\u1edbi h\u00ecnh th\u1ee9c thay th\u1ebf
1 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T b\u1eb1ng 1 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X. N\u1ebfu sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen t\u1ef1 nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i
m\u1ed9t l\u1ea7n th\u00ec s\u1ed1 lin k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen b\u1ecb ph\u00e1 v\u1ee1 l\u00e0:

A. 2339 lk B. 2340 lkC. 2341 lk
D. 2342 lk
C\u00e2u 71 : Ph\u00e2n t\u1eed mARN \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p t\u1eeb 1 gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn ch\u1ee9a

450A,150U, 301G, 601X. Bi\u1ebft tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi b\u1ecb d\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen c\u00f3 chi\u1ec1u d\u00e0i l\u00e0 0,51\u00b5 m v\u00e0 c\u00f3 t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 A : G = 2 : 3. D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u00e3 x\u1ea3y ra v\u1edbi gen tr\u00ean l\u00e0 :A M\u1ea5t (A-T)

B. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed gi\u1eefa (A-T)
v\u00e0 (G-X)
C. Th\u00eam (G-X)
D. Thay (A-T) b\u1eb1ng (G-X)
C\u00e2u 72 : M\u1ed9t gen c\u00f3 225 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 525 guanin nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 3 \u0111\u1ee3t v\u00e0
\u0111\u00e3 t\u1ea1o ra s\u1ed1 gen con ch\u1ee9a t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 1800 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 4201 guanin.
D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen \u0111\u00e3 x\u1ea3y ra trong qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh tr\u00ean l\u00e0 :
A. \u0110\u1ea3o v\u1ecb tr\u00ed gi\u1eefa 1(A-T) v\u1edbi 1(G-X) B. Thay 1(A-T) b\u1eb1ng 1(G-X)
C. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p (A-T)
D. Th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p (G-X)
C\u00e2u 73 : M\u1ed9t gen c\u00f3 225 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 525 guanin nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 3 \u0111\u1ee3t v\u00e0
\u0111\u00e3 t\u1ea1o ra s\u1ed1 gen con ch\u1ee9a t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 1800 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 4201 guanin. T\u1ef7
l\u1ec7 gen \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn so v\u1edbi s\u1ed1 gen \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ea1o ra l\u00e0 :
A. 6,25%
B. 12,5%
C. 18,75%
D. 25%
C\u00e2u 74 : M\u1ed9t gen d\u00e0i 2040A0 v\u00e0 c\u00f3 30% a\u0111\u00eanin. Gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn
m\u1ea5t \u0111o\u1ea1n, \u0111o\u1ea1n m\u1ea5t \u0111i ch\u1ee9a 20 a\u0111\u00eanin v\u00e0 c\u00f3 G = 1,5A. S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng
t\u1eebng lo\u1ea1i nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit (A = T ; G = X) c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 :
A. 220, 330 B. 330, 220C. 340, 210
D. 210, 340
C\u00e2u 75 : M\u1ed9t gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t m\u1ed9t \u0111o\u1ea1n d\u00e0i b\u1eb1ng 1/20 gen,
n\u00ean qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p pr\u00f4t\u00eain c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u00e3 gi\u1ea3m \u0111i 10 l\u01b0\u1ee3t
tARN v\u00e0o gi\u1ea3i m\u00e3 so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn. \u0110o\u1ea1n m\u1ea5t c\u00f3 t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 A
: G = 3 : 2. Gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 3 \u0111\u1ee3t th\u00ec s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng (A=T,
G=X) m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng cung c\u1ea5p gi\u1ea3m \u0111i so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0:
A. 84, 126B. 126, 84
C. 252, 168
D. 168, 252
C\u00e2u 76 : M\u1ed9t gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t m\u1ed9t \u0111o\u1ea1n d\u00e0i b\u1eb1ng 1/20 gen,

n\u00ean qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p pr\u00f4t\u00eain c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u00e3 gi\u1ea3m \u0111i 10 l\u01b0\u1ee3t
tARN v\u00e0o gi\u1ea3i m\u00e3 so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn. \u0110o\u1ea1n m\u1ea5t c\u00f3 t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7
A:G=3:2. S\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hy\u0111r\u00f4 \u0111\u00e3 b\u1ecb m\u1ea5t qua \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 :

A. 72
B. 78
C. 108
D. 144
C\u00e2u 77 : M\u1ed9t gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t m\u1ed9t \u0111o\u1ea1n d\u00e0i b\u1eb1ng 1/20 gen,

n\u00ean qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p pr\u00f4t\u00eain c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u00e3 gi\u1ea3m \u0111i 10 l\u01b0\u1ee3t tARN v\u00e0o gi\u1ea3i m\u00e3 so v\u1edbi tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn. S\u1ed1 axit amin trong polipeptit do gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p l\u00e0 :

A. 199
B. 189
C. 198
D. 188
C\u00e2u 78 : M\u1ed9t gen d\u00e0i 3060A0, tr\u00ean m\u1ed9t m\u1ea1ch \u0111\u01a1n c\u00f3 100A v\u00e0
250T. Gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p (G-X), s\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft h\u00f3a tr\u1ecb gi\u1eefa c\u00e1c
\u0111\u01a1n ph\u00e2n v\u00e0 s\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft hy\u0111r\u00f4 c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u1ea7n l\u01b0\u1ee3t l\u00e0
A.1798, 2353B. 1796, 2347 C. 1798, 2350 D. 1796, 2352
C\u00e2u 79 : Cho c\u00e1c th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn c\u00f3 k\u00ed hi\u1ec7u nh\u01b0 sau : Ung th\u01b0 m\u00e1u

(A); M\u00e1u kh\u00f3 \u0111\u00f4ng (B); H\u1ed3ng c\u1ea7u l\u01b0\u1ee1i li\u1ec1m (C); H\u1ed9i ch\u1ee9ng T\u01a1cn\u01a1
(D); B\u1ea1ch t\u1ea1ng (E); Th\u1ec3 m\u1eaft d\u1eb9t \u1edf ru\u1ed3i gi\u1ea5m (F); H\u1ed9i ch\u1ee9ng \u0110ao
(G); H\u1ed9i ch\u1ee9ng Claiphent\u01a1 (H); M\u00f9 m\u00e0u (K); D\u00ednh ng\u00f3n tay th\u1ee9 2
v\u00e0 3 \u1edf ng\u01b0\u1eddi (L). Th\u1ec3 ph\u00e1t sinh do \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u00e0 :

A.A,B,C,KB. B,C,E,K,L C.A,C,G,K,L D.A,D,G,H,L
C\u00e2u 80 : M\u1ed9t gen c\u00f3 120 chu k\u00ec xo\u1eafn, do m\u1ed9t \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0m m\u1ea5t 2
b\u1ed9 ba \u1edf gi\u1eefa gen. Gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p 1 ph\u00e2n
t\u1eed pr\u00f4t\u00eain th\u00ec s\u1ed1 axit amin m\u00e0 m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng c\u1ea7n ph\u00e0i cung c\u1ea5p l\u00e0 :
A. 397
B. 396
C. 797
D. 796
C\u00e2u 81 : S\u1ed1 li\u00ean k\u1ebft peptit ch\u1ee9a trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed pr\u00f4t\u00eain \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed5ng
h\u1ee3p do gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn (C\u00e2u 80) l\u00e0 :
A. 396
B. 395
C. 795
D. 796
C\u00e2u 82 : M\u1ea1ch 1 c\u1ee7a gen B c\u00f3 200A, 300T, 150X, 350G. Do \u0111\u1ed9t

bi\u1ebfn n\u00ean m\u1ea1ch 2 c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gi\u1ea3m \u0111i 2A v\u00e0 1X . S\u1ed1
nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit m\u1ed7i lo\u1ea1i \u1edf m\u1ea1ch 2 c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u00f4t bi\u1ebfn (theo th\u1ee9 t\u1ef1 A, T,
X, G) l\u00e0 :A. 200A, 298T, 150G, 349XB. 298A, 200T, 150G, 349X

C. 198A, 300T, 349G, 150XD. 298A, 200T, 349G, 150X
Cu 83 : M\u1ed9t gen nh\u00e2n \u0111\u00f4i 5 \u0111\u1ee3t, do \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00ean trong c\u00e1c gen t\u1ea1o

ra c\u00f3 12,5% gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn d\u1ea1ng m\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit. N\u1ebfu bi\u1ebft trong c\u00e1c gen con t\u1ea1o ra ch\u1ee9a t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 76728 li\u00ean k\u1ebft h\u00f3a tr\u1ecb gi\u1eefa c\u00e1c nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit th\u00ec kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a gen ban \u0111\u1ea7u l\u00e0 :A. 72.104\u0111.v.C

B. 360300\u0111.v.C C. 720300\u0111.v.CD. 36.104 \u0111.v.C
C\u00e2u 84: M\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i gen c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u00e0i 5100 \u0103ngstron v\u00e0 c\u00f3 3900 li\u00ean
k\u1ebft hydr\u00f4. Gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn d\u01b0\u1edbi h\u00ecnh th\u1ee9c thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p G \u2013 X
b\u1eb1ng 1 c\u1eb7p A \u2013 T. S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1eebng lo\u1ea1i nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u1ee7a gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t
bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 bao nhi\u00eau?
A. A=T= 600; G=X = 900 B. A=T= 901; G=X = 599
C. A=T= 601; G=X = 899 D. A=T= 599; G=X = 901
C\u00e2u 85: M\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i gen c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac d\u00e0i 4080\u0103ngstron v\u00e0 t\u1ec9 l\u1ec7 A/G = 2/3.

Gen b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t 1 c\u1eb7p G-X . S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1eebng lo\u1ea1i nucl\u00ea\u00f4tit c\u1ee7a
gen sau \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 bao nhi\u00eau?
A. A=T= 720; G=X= 480 B. A=T= 480; G=X= 719
C. A=T= 719; G=X= 481 D. A=T= 481; G=X= 719

C\u00e2u 86: Lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y t\u1ea1o n\u00ean \u201cth\u1ec3 kh\u1ea3m\u201d tr\u00ean c\u01a1

th\u1ec3?
A. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn trong gi\u1ea3m ph\u00e2n t\u1ea1o giao t\u1eed
B. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn trong l\u1ea7n nguy\u00ean ph\u00e2n \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean c\u1ee7a h\u1ee3p t\u1eed

C. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen tr\u1ed9i trong nguy\u00ean ph\u00e2n c\u1ee7a t\u1ebf b\u00e0o sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng \u1edf
m\u1ed9t m\u00f4 n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3
D. \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn gen l\u1eb7n trong nguy\u00ean ph\u00e2n c\u1ee7a t\u1ebf b\u00e0o sinh d\u01b0\u1ee1ng \u1edf
m\u1ed9t m\u00f4 n\u00e0o \u0111\u00f3
C\u00e2u 87: D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed3ng ngh\u0129a?
A) \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p (nu) kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i axit amin. B)

\u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0m xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n m\u00e3 k\u1ebft th\u00fac
C)\u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p (nu) l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i axit amin.
D) \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t ho\u1eb7c th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i nhi\u1ec1u axit amin.

C\u00e2u 88: D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn sai ngh\u0129a?
A) \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p (nu) kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i axit amin. B)
\u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0m xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n m\u00e3 k\u1ebft th\u00fac
C)\u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p (nu) l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i axit amin.
D) \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t ho\u1eb7c th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i nhi\u1ec1u axit amin.
C\u00e2u 89: D\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn v\u00f4 ngh\u0129a?
A) \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p (nu) kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i axit amin.B)
\u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0m xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n m\u00e3 k\u1ebft th\u00fac
C) \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn thay th\u1ebf 1 c\u1eb7p (nu) l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i axit amin.
D) \u0110\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn m\u1ea5t ho\u1eb7c th\u00eam 1 c\u1eb7p l\u00e0m thay \u0111\u1ed5i nhi\u1ec1u axit amin.
C\u00e2u 90: Nh\u1eefng d\u1ea1ng \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn n\u00e0o l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9t bi\u1ebfn d\u1ecbch khung?

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