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hh12 c1 Tran Si Tung

hh12 c1 Tran Si Tung

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Published by: api-3822369 on Dec 03, 2009
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03/18/2014

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TRA\u00c0N S\u00d3 TU\u00d8NG
---- \u203a\u0161 & \u203a\u0161 ----
BA\u00d8I TA\u00c4P H\u00ccNH HO\u00cfC 12
TA\u00c4P 1
O\u00c2N THI TO\u00c1T NGHIE\u00c4P THPT & \u00d1A\u00cfI HO\u00cfC
Na\u00eam 2009
Tra\u00e0n S\u00f3 Tu\u00f8ng
Kho\u00e1i \u00f1a die\u00e4n
Trang 1
1. Hai \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang song song
a) \u00d1\u00f2nh ngh\u00f3a:
ab P
a b
a b
, ()
\u00ec\u00cc
\u00db\u00ed\u00c7 =\u00c6
\u00ee
P
b) T\u00ednh cha\u00e1t
\u00b7
() () ()
() ()
, ,
() ()
() ()
P Q R
P Qa
a b c \u00f1o\u00e0ng qui
P
R b
a b c
Q
R c
\u00ec\u00b9 \u00b9
\u00ef\u00ef
\u00e9
\u00c7 =\u00de
\u00ed
\u00ea
\u00c7 =
\u00eb
\u00ef\u00c7 =
\u00ef\u00ee
P P
\u00b7 () ()
( ) ,( )
(
)
P Qd
d ab
P aQ b
d ad b
a b
\u00ec\u00c7 =
\u00ef
\u00e9
\u00c9
\u00c9 \u00de
\u00ed
\u00ea\u00ba
\u00ba
\u00eb
\u00ef\u00ee
P P
P
\u00b7
,
a b
a b
a cb c
\u00ec\u00b9
\u00de
\u00ed\u00ee
P
P
P
2. \u00d1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang va\u00f8 ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang song song
a) \u00d1\u00f2nh ngh\u00f3a:
d // (P)\u00db d\u00c7 (P) =\u00c6
b) T\u00ednh cha\u00e1t
\u00b7
( ), ' ( )
( )
'
d Pd
Pd P
d d
\u00ec\u00cb
\u00cc\u00de
\u00ed\u00ee
P
P
\u00b7
( )
( ) ,( ) ( )
d P
d a
Q dQ P a
\u00ec
\u00de
\u00ed\u00c9
\u00c7 =
\u00ee
P
P
\u00b7 () ()
( ) ,( )
P Qd
d a
P aQ a
\u00ec\u00c7 =\u00de
\u00ed\u00ee
P
P
P
3. Hai ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang song song
a) \u00d1\u00f2nh ngh\u00f3a:
(P) // (Q)\u00db (P)\u00c7 (Q) =\u00c6
b) T\u00ednh cha\u00e1t
\u00b7 () ,
( ) ( )
( ), ( )
P ab
a b M
P Q
a Qb Q
\u00ec\u00c9
\u00ef\u00c7 =
\u00de
\u00ed\u00ef\u00ee
P
P
P
\u00b7 () ()
() () () ()
() ()
P Q
P
R
P Q
Q
R
\u00ec\u00b9
\u00ef
\u00de
\u00ed\u00ef\u00ee
P
P
P
\u00b7 () ()
() ()
() ()
Q
R
P Q a ab
P
R b

\u00ec\u00ef\u00c7 =\u00de
\u00ed\u00ef\u00c7 =
\u00ee

P
P
4. Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh quan he\u00e4 song song
a) Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh hai \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang song song
Co\u00f9 the\u00e5 s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng 1 trong ca\u00f9c ca\u00f9ch sau:
\u00b7Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh 2 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang \u00f1o\u00f9 \u00f1o\u00e0ng pha\u00fang, ro\u00e0i a\u00f9p du\u00efng ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh
song song trong h\u00ecnh ho\u00efc pha\u00fang (nh\u00f6 t\u00ednh cha\u00e1t \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng trung b\u00ecnh, \u00f1\u00f2nh l\u00ed Tale\u00f9t \u00f1a\u00fbo, \u2026)
\u00b7Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh 2 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang \u00f1o\u00f9 cu\u00f8ng song song v\u00f4\u00f9i \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang th\u00f6\u00f9 ba.
\u00b7A\u00d9p du\u00efng ca\u00f9c \u00f1\u00f2nh l\u00ed ve\u00e0 giao tuye\u00e1n song song.
b) Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang song song v\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang
\u00d1e\u00e5 ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh
( )
d P
P
, ta ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh d kho\u00e2ng na\u00e8m trong (P) va\u00f8 song song v\u00f4\u00f9i mo\u00e4t
\u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang d\u00a2 na\u00f8o \u00f1o\u00f9 na\u00e8m trong (P).
c) Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh hai ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang song song
Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang na\u00f8y ch\u00f6\u00f9a hai \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang ca\u00e9t nhau la\u00e0n l\u00f6\u00f4\u00eft song song v\u00f4\u00f9i hai
\u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang trong ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang kia.
CH\u00d6\u00d4NG 0
O\u00c2N TA\u00c4P H\u00ccNH HO\u00cfC KHO\u00c2NG GIAN 11
I. QUAN HE\u00c4 SONG SONG
Kho\u00e1i \u00f1a die\u00e4n
Tra\u00e0n S\u00f3 Tu\u00f8ng
Trang 2
1. Hai \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c
a) \u00d1\u00f2nh ngh\u00f3a:
a^ b\u00db\u00b6
( )
0
, 90
a b=
b) T\u00ednh cha\u00e1t
\u00b7Gia\u00fb s\u00f6\u00fbu
r
la\u00f8 VTCP cu\u00fba a,v
r
la\u00f8 VTCP cu\u00fba b. Khi \u00f1o\u00f9
. 0
a b uv
^\u00db =
r
r
.
\u00b7b ca b
a c

\u00ec\u00a4\u00a4\u00de ^
\u00ed^
\u00ee

2. \u00d1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang va\u00f8 ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c
a) \u00d1\u00f2nh ngh\u00f3a:
d^ (P)\u00db d^ a,"a\u00cc (P)
b) T\u00ednh cha\u00e1t
\u00b7 \u00d1ie\u00e0u kie\u00e4n \u00f1e\u00e5 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang ^ ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang: , ( ),
( )
,
ab P a b Od P
d ad b
\u00ec\u00cc
\u00c7 =\u00de ^
\u00ed^
^
\u00ee
\u00b7a b
P b
P a( )
( )
\u00ec
\u00de ^
\u00ed^
\u00ee
P
\u00b7a b
a b
a Pb P
( ), ( )
\u00ec\u00b9
\u00de
\u00ed^
^
\u00ee
P
\u00b7P Qa Q
a P
() ()
( )
( )
\u00ec
\u00de ^
\u00ed^
\u00ee
P
\u00b7P Q
P
Q
P aQ a
() ()
( )
)
( ) ,( )
\u00ec\u00b9
\u00de
(
\u00ed^
^
\u00ee
P
\u00b7a P
b a
b P
( )
( )
\u00ec
\u00de ^
\u00ed^
\u00ee
P
\u00b7a P
a P
a bP b
( )
)
,( )
\u00ec\u00cb
\u00de (
\u00ed^
^
\u00ee
P
\u00b7 Ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang trung tr\u00f6\u00efc cu\u00fba mo\u00e4t \u00f1oa\u00efn tha\u00fang la\u00f8 ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c v\u00f4\u00f9i \u00f1oa\u00efn tha\u00fang
ta\u00efi trung \u00f1ie\u00e5m cu\u00fba no\u00f9.
Ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang trung tr\u00f6\u00efc cu\u00fba \u00f1oa\u00efn tha\u00fang la\u00f8 ta\u00e4p h\u00f4\u00efp ca\u00f9c \u00f1ie\u00e5m ca\u00f9ch \u00f1e\u00e0u hai \u00f1a\u00e0u mu\u00f9t cu\u00fba
\u00f1oa\u00efn tha\u00fang \u00f1o\u00f9.
\u00b7 \u00d1\u00f2nh l\u00ed ba \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c
Cho
( ), ( )
a Pb P
^
\u00cc, a\u00a2 la\u00f8 h\u00ecnh chie\u00e1u cu\u00fba a tre\u00e2n (P). Khi \u00f1o\u00f9 b ^a \u00dbb ^a\u00a2
3. Hai ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c
a) \u00d1\u00f2nh ngh\u00f3a:
(P)^ (Q)\u00db\u00b7
(
)
0
90
P Q
( ),( )=
b) T\u00ednh cha\u00e1t
\u00b7 \u00d1ie\u00e0u kie\u00e4n \u00f1e\u00e5 hai ma\u00ebt pha\u00fang vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c v\u00f4\u00f9i nhau:( )
() ()
( )
P aP Q
a Q

\u00ec\u00c9\u00de ^
\u00ed^
\u00ee

\u00b7( ) ( ),( ) ( )
( )
( ),
P QP Q ca Q
a Pa c
\u00ec^
\u00c7 =\u00de ^
\u00ed\u00cc
^
\u00ee
\u00b7 () ()
( )
( )
, ()
P Q
A P
a P
a Aa Q
\u00ec^
\u00ef\u00ce
\u00de \u00cc
\u00ed\u00ef'
^
\u00ee
\u00b7 () ()
() ()
( )
() ()
P Qa
P
R
a R
Q
R
\u00ec\u00c7 =
\u00ef^
\u00de ^
\u00ed\u00ef^
\u00ee
4. Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh quan he\u00e4 vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c
a) Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh hai \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng tha\u00fang vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c
\u00d1e\u00e5 ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minhd a
^, ta co\u00f9 the\u00e5 s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng 1 trong ca\u00f9c ca\u00f9ch sau:

\u00b7Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh go\u00f9c gi\u00f6\u00f5a a va\u00f8 d ba\u00e8ng 900.
\u00b7Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minh 2 vect\u00f4 ch\u00e6 ph\u00f6\u00f4ng cu\u00fba a va\u00f8 d vuo\u00e2ng go\u00f9c v\u00f4\u00f9i nhau.
\u00b7Ch\u00f6\u00f9ng minhd b

^ma\u00f8 b a
P.
II. QUAN HE\u00c4 VUO\u00c2NG GO\u00d9C

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