discuss and model. Angular momentum has the exact same relations as linear momentum
and is governed by strikingly similar equations. In the quantum world though something
interesting happens with angular momentum. It becomes quantized like all other quantum
things. You get certain energy levels and only certain states for the given quantum object
which in this case will be a simple diatomic molecule. Working out this particular
example is extremely complex and is possibly one of the most difficult examples to work
out that can be solved exactly. After mastering this, the solution to the hydrogen atom is
much less complex.
The neat thing about this solution is that for an even integer for n the first series will
terminate, and for an odd integer the second series will terminate. For this reason we take
are solution to the equation as whichever series will terminate, and we opt to chose are
coefficients in such a manner as to make them look uniform. These Legendre
polynomials are the only well behaved solutions to this equation which is needed in
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