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Isthigaza_Imam Ibn al Hajj

Isthigaza_Imam Ibn al Hajj

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03/18/2014

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\ue000
1
Tawassul
Tawassul
Tawassul
Tawassul and Istigh
and Istigh
and Istigh
and Istigh\u0101tha
\u0101tha
\u0101tha
\u0101tha
Im\u0101m Ibn al-\ue000\u0101jj al-\u2018Abdar\u012b1
11
1
Translated by Suraqah al-Tufahi
Released bywww.marif ah .net
www.marifah.net
www.marifah.net
www.marifah.net 1428 H
1.Tawassul through the Prophet\ue001 :
After quoting the narration of the
After quoting the narration of the
After quoting the narration of the
After quoting the narration of thet awas sul
tawassul
tawassul
tawassul of \u2018Umar ib
of \u2018Umar ib
of \u2018Umar ib
of \u2018Umar ibn al
n al
n al
n al-
--
-Kha
Kha
Kha
Kha\ue000\ue000\u0101b
\ue000\ue000\u0101b
\ue000\ue000\u0101b
\ue000\ue000\u0101b\ue002 through
through
through
through
\u2018Abb
\u2018Abb
\u2018Abb
\u2018Abb\u0101s
\u0101s
\u0101s
\u0101s\ue002, Ibn al
, Ibn al
, Ibn al
, Ibn al-
--
-\ue001\u0101jj said:
\ue001\u0101jj said:
\ue001\u0101jj said:
\ue001\u0101jj said:

Then he is to performtawassu l through the people of those graves, I mean: through
the righteous from among them in fulfilling his needs and forgiving his sins. Then
he should supplicate for himself, his parents, his teachers, his relatives, and the
inhabitants of those graves, and the dead from among the Muslims and their living
and their offspring until the Day of Judgment and those who are not present from
his brothers. He should turn to All\u0101h the Exalted in supplicating at their place (of
burial) and frequently maketawassu l through them unto All\u0101h the Exalted, because
He, the Glorified and Exalted choose them, honored them, and ennobled them. So,
just as He caused them to be a source of benefit in this world, so it will be in the
hereafter, nay, even more. So, whoever has a need to be fulfilled, then let him go to
them and maketawassu l through them, for they are the intermediaries between
All\u0101h the Exalted and His creation. It has been established in the Sacred Law, and
All\u0101h the Exalted knows what He has vouchsafed to them of (Divine) care. That is
abundant and well known. The people have not ceased, among the scholars and
elders, from elder to elder, both East and West, deriving blessings by way of
visitation of their graves, and they find the blessings of that both in the sensory,
and spiritual (\ue001issan wa ma\u2019nan). The Shaykh, the Im\u0101m, Ab\u016b \u2018Abdall\u0101h Ibn Nu\u2019m\u0101n
(may All\u0101h have mercy upon him) mentioned in his book titled: saf\u012bnat al-naj\u0101\u2019 li ahl

al-iltij\u0101\u2019 , regarding the miracles of the Shaykh, Ab\u016bl Naj\u0101\u2019.
1 He is: Ab\u016b \u2018Abd All\u0101h, Mu\ue002ammad Ibn Mu\ue002ammad Ibn Mu\ue002ammad al-\u2018Abdar\u012b al-F\u0101s\u012b al-M\u0101lik\u012b, better
known as Ibn al-\ue001\u0101jj. The author of many beneficial works, the most notable of them being \u2018al-madkhal il\u0101
al-shara\u2019 al-shar\u012bf. Ibn Hajr al-\u2018Asqal\u0101n\u012b said of his book, al-Madkhal: \u201cIt has abundant benefits. In it, he

unveiled the faults and innovations that the people do and make light of. Most of them are from those matters that are censured, whereas some of them are matters that carry possibility (of being correct).\u201d He died in Cairo in the year 737Hi jr \u012b.

2

Speaking about this, he said: \u2018It has been realized by those who possess insight and
consideration, that visiting the graves of the righteous is beloved for the sake of
obtaining blessings along with reflection. The blessings of the righteous flow after
their death, just as it did during their life. Supplicating at the graves of the
righteous and seeking intercession through them has been acted upon by our
verifying scholars from the Im\u0101ms of the religion.\u20192

22
2
2. Manners of visiting the grave of the Prophet\ue001
In the section on the manners of visiting the Prophet
In the section on the manners of visiting the Prophet
In the section on the manners of visiting the Prophet
In the section on the manners of visiting the Prophet\ue001 , Ibn al
, Ibn al
, Ibn al
, Ibn al-
--
-\ue001\u0101jj said:
\ue001\u0101jj said:
\ue001\u0101jj said:
\ue001\u0101jj said:

As for what has been mentioned regarding visiting the grave of the Master of the
first and last\ue001 , then all that has been mentioned should be increased by many
folds, meaning, in humility, brokenness, and tranquility, because he is the one who
will intercede and have his intercession accepted, the one whose intercession will
not be rejected. The one who intends him (in their journey of visitation) will not be
let down, nor will the one who disembarks upon his place, nor the one who seeks
his aid or refuge (wa l\u0101 man ista\u2019\u0101na aw istagh\u0101tha bihi ), for he\ue001 , is the pole of
perfection and the crown jewel of the kingdom. All\u0101h the Exalted said in His mighty
Book:

\u201cHe has certainly seen
\u201cHe has certainly seen
\u201cHe has certainly seen
\u201cHe has certainly seen the greater signs from His Lord.\u2019\u2019
the greater signs from His Lord.\u2019\u2019
the greater signs from His Lord.\u2019\u2019
the greater signs from His Lord.\u2019\u2019

Our scholars (may All\u0101h the Exalted have mercy upon them) have stated: He\ue001 saw
his image, for he is the crown jewel of the kingdom. So, whoever makestawassu l
through him, seeks aid through him (istagh\u0101tha bihi ), or seeks his needs through
him, then he will not be refused or disappointed.3

33
3
Ibn
Ibn
Ibn
Ibn al
al
al
al-
--
-\ue001\u0101jj further said:
\ue001\u0101jj further said:
\ue001\u0101jj further said:
\ue001\u0101jj further said:

Our scholars (may All\u0101h the Exalted have mercy upon them) said: The visitor
should cause himself to feel as if he is standing in front of him\ue001 just as he would be
in his life, for there is no difference between his death and life, meaning, in his
witnessing of his Ummah, and his knowing of their situations, intentions, resolves,
and inner thoughts. That is (all) clear to him without there being any concealment
whatsoever. If someone said (in objection to this): These attributes are particular to
the Master (All\u0101h)\ue003 , the response is: All of those who have relocated to the
hereafter from among the believers know the situation of the living predominately.
That has occurred to no end (found) in accounts that have been (reported) to have
occurred. It is possible that their knowledge of that is when the actions of the living
are presented to them, and there are other possibilities to it (as well). These
matters are hidden from us. The truthful one\ue001 informed about the presentation of
deeds to them (the dead) so it must occur. The knowledge of how it occurs is not
known and All\u0101h knows best about it, and it is sufficient as a clarification, the
statement of the Prophet\ue001 : \u201cThe believer sees with the light of All\u0101h.\u2019\u2019

2 al-Madkhal; 1/255
3 Ibid; 258
3

The light of All\u0101h is not veiled by anything. This is regarding the living among the
believers, so what about those among them in the other worldly abode? The Im\u0101m,
Ab\u016b \u2018Abdall\u0101h al-Qur\ue000ub\u012b said in his al-Tadhkirah: (It has been narrated that) Ibn al-
Mub\u0101rak narrated with his chain to al-Minh\u0101l ibn \u2018Amr who narrated that he heard
Sa\u2019\u012bd ibn al-Musayyib say: \u2018There is not a day, except that on it, the actions of the
Ummah are presented to the Prophet\ue001 , both in the morning and the evening. So,
he knows them by their deeds and appearances, and it is due to that he will bear
witness against them. All\u0101h the Exalted said:

\u201cSo how will it be when We bring
\u201cSo how will it be when We bring
\u201cSo how will it be when We bring
\u201cSo how will it be when We bring every nation with
every nation with
every nation with
every nation with
a witness and bring you
a witness and bring you
a witness and bring you
a witness and bring you as a witness over these
as a witness over these
as a witness over these
as a witness over these\u2019\u2019
\u2019\u2019
\u2019\u2019
\u2019\u2019

It has proceeded, that the deeds are presented to All\u0101h the Blessed and Exalted on Thursday and Monday and (the deeds are presented) to the Prophets and fathers and mothers on Friday and there is no contradiction, for it is possible that it is specific to the Prophet\ue001 that the deeds are presented to him every day and on Friday with the other Prophets. (end quote from al-Qur\ue000ub\u012b)4

44
4
Further on, Ibn
Further on, Ibn
Further on, Ibn
Further on, Ibn al
al
al
al-
--
-\ue001
\ue001\ue001
\ue001\u0101
\u0101\u0101
\u0101jj said:
jj said:
jj said:
jj said:

So when he visits him\ue001 , if he is able to (remain standing) and not sit, then this is
better. If he was unable, then he can sit with proper decorum, respect, and honor.
When the visitor is seeking the fulfillment of his needs and forgiveness of his sins,
he might not need to mention that with his tongue. Nay, he may bring that to
presence in his heart while he is standing in front of him\ue001 , because he\ue001 , knows
his needs and benefits more than him, and is more merciful to him than himself,
and more caring towards him than his own relatives. He said\ue001 : \u201cThe likeness of
me and all of you is like moths that are rushing into the fire while I am standing to
prevent you from it.\u201d, or as he said. This applies to the Prophet\ue001 at all times-
meaning intawassu l through him and seeking the fulfillment of one\u2019s needs by way
of his rank with his Lord\ue003 . Whoever is unable to undertake a visit to him\ue001 with
his body, then let him intend it at all times with his heart, and let him bring present
to his heart that he is there in front of him seeking intercession through him unto
the One who bestowed (His) bounty (All\u0101h) through him, as was said by the Im\u0101m,
Ab\u016b Mu\ue002ammad ibn al-Sayyid al-Ba\ue000alay\u016bs\u012b (may All\u0101h have mercy upon him) in
his line (of poetry) that he sent to him:

4 Ibid 259

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