The computing world has a lot to gain from neural networks. Their ability to learn by example makes them very
and powerful They are also very well suited for real time systems because of their fast response and computational
times which are due to their parallel
The recognition of optical characters is known to be one of
networks and a simplified neural approach to recognition
of optical or visual characters
A neural network is an interconnected group of neurons. A biological neuron may have as many as 10,000 different inputs, and may send its output to many other neurons. Neurons are wired up in a3-
The prime examples are of biologically neural networks, especially the human brain. These may be considered asself
which don't require the traditional skills of a programmer.
usage, researchers often refer to an artificial neural
The original inspiration for the technique was from examination
of bioelectrical networks in the brain formed by neurons
their synapses. In a neural network model, simple units (or processing elements ) are connected together to form a
network of nodes - hence the term "neural network".
These processing elements are termed as \u201cneurons\u201d or \u201cnodes\u201d.
The Artificial Neuron is actually quite simple. All signals can be 1 or -1 (the "binary" case, often called classic spin for its similarity with the problem of disordered magnetic systems). The neuron
a weighted sum of inputs and compares it to a threshold. If the sum is higher
the threshold, the output is set to 1, otherwise to -1.
It is observed that the evolving of ANN causes it to eventually reach a state where all neurons continue working but no further changes in their state happen. A network may have more than one stable states, and it is obviously determined by the choice of synaptic weights and thresholds for the neurons.
from scanned images of documents
has been a problem that has received much attention in
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