Euclid’s Elements is one of the famous mathematical work of classical antiquity, and also has the difference of being the world’s oldest continuously used in mathematical textbook.
About the author, beyond the fact that he lived in Alexandria around 300 BCE. Most of the theorems appearing in the Elements were not discovered by Euclid himself, but were the work of earlier Greek mathematicians that time. This book is about a mathematical and geometric construction consisting of 13 books. Basically it is a collection of definitions, postulates and propositions and mathematical proofs of the propositions. The structure and contents of Book 1, generally Book 1 outlines the fundamental propositions of plane geometry, including the three cases in which triangles are congruent, various theorems involving parallel lines, the theorem regarding the sum of the angles in a triangle, and the Pythagorean theorem.