Placido Salazar firstname.lastname@example.org
Mexican-American and Black presence in Southwest
ignored in Texas and U.S. History
Books…. And Dan Patrick wants Texas history to “begin” in 1836.
That would suit their version of Texas history, a whole lot better, by ignoring several hundred years of our history.
” and his wacky ideas (John
McCain appropriately calls him and
Ted Cruz ‘Wacko Birds’).
Who Was the 1st Black to Explore the West?
100 Amazing Facts About the Negro: He traveled the North American Southwest before Lewis and Clark.
Posted: Nov. 19 2012 12:45 AM
"ESTAVANICO," BY JOSE CISNEROS, PUBLISHED IN CLEVE HALLENBECK'S THE JOURNEY OF FRAY MARCOS DE NIZA (1973).
Amazing Fact About the Negro No. 6:
Who was the first black explorer of the North American Southwest?
The first enslaved African to arrive in Florida whom we can document by name was a black man named
. And, long before the explorers Lewis and Clark crossed the continent, he would traverse the land that later became the United States, through the Southwest, to the Pacific Ocean. Esteban was born in West Africa and sold into slavery in a Portuguese town on Morocco's Atlantic coast. According to the historian Robert Goodwin, Esteban was shipped to Spain as a slave from the town of Azemmour, in Morocco, in 1522. Andres Dorantes de Carranza purchased him and brought Esteban to Florida in April 1528. Under attack by the Native American residents where they landed, the expedition sailed on rafts across the Gulf of Mexico to what is today Galveston, Texas. There, a storm sank three of the five rafts. Esteban, his master and 13 others survived the storms and the harsh conditions during the winter of 1528. And then the real fun began. When the party decided to travel inland, they were captured and enslaved for five years by the Karankawa Indians. In 1534, Esteban and the four remaining survivors escaped and were befriended by other Native Americans, who regarded the tiny band of strangers as healers and medicine men. Esteban, according to an eyewitness account, was a gifted linguist and quickly mastered different Native American languages, so he served as translator. Incredibly, the men traveled through what is now Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Northern Mexico, ultimately a total of 15,000 miles! Esteban's luck eventually ran out, though: In May 1539, the Zuni Indians of Hawikuh in New Mexico executed him, regarding him as a harbinger of more unwanted and dangerous visitors. But by the time of his