2The most important feature of Indian Geography is theHimalayas. A number of perennial rivers have their origin in theHimalayas. It is broken by two passes namely
.These passes enabled the foreigners to invade India. Three famouscivilisations flourished in ancient India. They are:
Gangetic Valley Civilisation
Pre-Historic Period :
The term pre-history refers to the veryearly stages in the evolution of mankind. We do not have writtenrecords for this period. Certain physical remains, tools and implementsused by people in different parts of the world are the basis to classifypre-historic period broadly into
. In the
man used weapons and articles made of stones. Hence it is calledthe
This Age is divided into Old Stone Age orPalaeotithic Age and New Stone Age or Neolithic Age.
Life in Old Stone Age :
Old Stone Age(Palaeolithic Age)
man led a nomadic life. He gathered fruits,vegetables, roots, nuts and ate them. He started hunting the animals.Man invented
by rubbing two pieces of flint. Man used leaves,barks of trees and skins of animals to cover his body.
Life in New Stone Age:
New Stone Age
, man hadlearnt the art of agriculture. For this purpose, the fertile river Valleyswere used. Man started leading a civilised life. Animals weredomesticated. During this period, the
was invented. It was aturning point in the life of man. Wheels were used by man to carryluggage to different places. This was the first step in scientificadvancement. From tiny watch to the aeroplane, the idea is based onwheel. He made pots with the help of wheel. Thus, man in the
was responsible for the growth of civilisations.
Old Stone Age Implements