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m30362

m30362

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Connexions module: m30362
1
Gi\ue004i thi\ue002u t\ue003ng quan v\ue000 Gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh
Ki\ue001n tr\u00fac m\u00e1y t\u00ednh
\u2217

ThS. V\u00f5 V\u0103n Ch\u00edn
KS. Ph\ue000m H\ue002u T\u00e0i
ThS. Nguy\ue001n H\u00f4ng V\u00e2n

This work is produced by The Connexions Project and licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution License\u2020
M\ue01aC\u0110\u00cdCH
Gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh n\u00e0y nh\ue00cmtrang b\ue01e cho ng\u01b0\ue023i \u0111\ue01fc c\u00e1c n\ue022i dung ch\ue027 y\ue011u sau:
\u2022L\ue01ech s\ue02c ph\u00e1t tri\ue013n c\ue027a m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, c\u00e1c th\ue011 h\ue014 m\u00e1y t\u00ednh v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n lo\ue007i m\u00e1y t\u00ednh. C\u00e1ch bi\ue011n \u0111\ue021i c\u01a1
b\ue006n c\ue027a h\ue014 th\ue020ng s\ue020, c\u00e1c b\ue006ng m\u00e3 th\u00f4ng d\ue028ng \u0111\u01b0\ue026c d\u00f9ng \u0111\ue013 bi\ue013u di\ue012n c\u00e1c k\u00fd t\ue02d.
\u2022Gi\ue024i thi\ue014u c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\ue008n c\u01a1 b\ue006n c\ue027a m\ue022t h\ue014 th\ue020ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, kh\u00e1i ni\ue014mv\ue010 ki\ue011n tr\u00fac m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, t\ue00bp
l\ue014nh. C\u00e1c ki\ue013u ki\ue011n tr\u00fac m\u00e1y t\u00ednh: m\u00f4 t\ue006 ki\ue011n tr\u00fac, c\u00e1c ki\ue013u \u0111\ue01enh v\ue01e.
\u2022Gi\ue024i thi\ue014u c\ue009u tr\u00fac c\ue027a b\ue022 x\ue02c l\u00fd trung t\u00e2m: t\ue021 ch\ue02ac, ch\ue02ac n\u0103ng v\u00e0 nguy\u00ean l\u00fd ho\ue007t \u0111\ue022ng c\ue027a c\u00e1c b\ue022

ph\ue00bn b\u00ean trong b\ue022 x\ue02c l\u00fd. M\u00f4 t\ue006 di\ue012n ti\ue011n thi h\u00e0nh m\ue022t l\ue014nh m\u00e3 m\u00e1y v\u00e0 m\ue022t s\ue020 k\ue02e thu\ue00bt x\ue02c l\u00fd th\u00f4ng tin: \ue020ng d\ue00an, si\u00eau \ue020ng d\ue00an, si\u00eau v\u00f4 h\u01b0\ue024ng, m\u00e1y t\u00ednh c\u00f3 l\ue014nh th\ue00bt d\u00e0i, m\u00e1y t\u00ednh v\u00e9c-t\u01a1, x\ue02c l\u00fd song song v\u00e0 ki\ue011n tr\u00fac IA-64.

\u2022Gi\ue024i thi\ue014u ch\ue02ac n\u0103ng v\u00e0 nguy\u00ean l\u00fd ho\ue007t \u0111\ue022ng c\ue027a c\u00e1c c\ue009p b\ue022 nh\ue024 m\u00e1y t\u00ednh.
\u2022Gi\ue024i thi\ue014u m\ue022t s\ue020 thi\ue011t b\ue01e l\u01b0u tr\ue02b ngo\u00e0i nh\u01b0: \u0111\u0129a t\ue029, \u0111\u0129a quang, th\ue00f nh\ue024, b\u0103ng t\ue029. H\ue014 th\ue020ng k\ue011t n\ue020i c\u01a1
b\ue006n c\u00e1c b\ue022 ph\ue00bn b\u00ean trong m\u00e1y t\u00ednh. C\u00e1ch giao ti\ue011p gi\ue02ba c\u00e1c ngo\ue007i vi v\u00e0 b\ue022 x\ue02c l\u00fd.
\u2022Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p an to\u00e0n d\ue02b li\ue014u tr\u00ean thi\ue011t b\ue01e l\u01b0u tr\ue02b ngo\u00e0i.
1 Y\u00caUC\ue001U
Sau khi h\ue01fc xong m\u00f4n h\ue01fc n\u00e0y, ng\u01b0\ue023i h\ue01fc \u0111\u01b0\ue026c trang b\ue01e c\u00e1c ki\ue011n th\ue02ac v\ue010:
\u2022Sinh vi\u00ean \u0111\u01b0\ue026c trang b\ue01e ki\ue011n th\ue02ac v\ue010 l\ue01ech s\ue02c ph\u00e1t tri\ue013n c\ue027a m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, c\u00e1c th\ue011 h\ue014 m\u00e1y t\u00ednh v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n
lo\ue007i m\u00e1y t\u00ednh. N\ue00dmv\ue02bng c\u00e1c kh\u00e1i ni\ue014mc\u01a1 b\ue006n li\u00ean quan \u0111\ue011n c\u00e1c h\ue014 th\ue020ng s\ue020 \u0111\u01b0\ue026c d\u00f9ng trong m\u00e1y
t\u00ednh. Th\u00e0nh th\ue007o c\u00e1c thao t\u00e1c bi\ue011n \u0111\ue021i s\ue020 gi\ue02ba c\u00e1c h\ue014 th\ue020ng s\ue020.
\u2022Sinh vi\u00ean c\u00f3 ki\ue011n th\ue02ac v\ue010 c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\ue008n c\u01a1 b\ue006n c\ue027a m\ue022t h\ue014 th\ue020ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, kh\u00e1i ni\ue014mv\ue010 ki\ue011n tr\u00fac

m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, t\ue00bp l\ue014nh. N\ue00dmv\ue02bng c\u00e1c ki\ue011n th\ue02ac v\ue010 c\u00e1c ki\ue013u ki\ue011n tr\u00fac m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, c\u00e1c ki\ue013u \u0111\ue01enh v\ue01e \u0111\u01b0\ue026c d\u00f9ng trong ki\ue011n tr\u00fac, lo\ue007i v\u00e0 chi\ue010u d\u00e0i c\ue027a to\u00e1n h\ue007ng, t\u00e1c v\ue028 m\u00e0 m\u00e1y t\u00ednh c\u00f3 th\ue013 th\ue02dc hi\ue014n. Ph\u00e2n bi\ue014t \u0111\u01b0\ue026c hai lo\ue007i ki\ue011n tr\u00fac: CISC(Complex Instruction Set Computer), RISC(Reduced Instruction Set Computer). C\u00e1c ki\ue011n th\ue02ac c\u01a1 b\ue006n v\ue010 ki\ue011n tr\u00fac RISC, t\ue021ng qu\u00e1t t\ue00bp l\ue014nh c\ue027a c\u00e1c ki\ue011n tr\u00fac m\u00e1y t\u00ednh.

\u2217Version 1.1: Jul 24, 2009 5:27 am GMT-5
\u2020http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
http://cnx.org/content/m30362/1.1/
Connexions module: m30362
2
\u2022Sinh vi\u00ean ph\ue006i n\ue00dmv\ue02bng c\ue009u tr\u00fac c\ue027a b\ue022 x\ue02c l\u00fd trung t\u00e2mv\u00e0 di\ue012n ti\ue011n thi h\u00e0nh m\ue022t l\ue014nh m\u00e3 m\u00e1y, v\u00ec
\u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 c\u01a1 s\ue025 \u0111\ue013 hi\ue013u \u0111\u01b0\ue026c c\u00e1c ho\ue007t \u0111\ue022ng x\ue02c l\u00fd l\ue014nh trong c\u00e1c k\ue02e thu\ue00bt x\ue02c l\u00fd th\u00f4ng tin trong m\u00e1y t\u00ednh.
\u2022Sinh vi\u00ean ph\ue006i hi\ue013u \u0111\u01b0\ue026c c\u00e1c c\ue009p b\ue022 nh\ue024 v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch th\ue02ac v\ue00bn h\u00e0nh c\ue027a c\u00e1c lo\ue007i b\ue022 nh\ue024 \u0111\u01b0\ue026c gi\ue024i thi\ue014u \u0111\ue013
c\u00f3 th\ue013 \u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1 \u0111\u01b0\ue026c hi\ue014u n\u0103ng ho\ue007t \u0111\ue022ng c\ue027a c\u00e1c lo\ue007i b\ue022 nh\ue024.
\u2022Sinh vi\u00ean ph\ue006i n\ue00dmv\ue02bng c\u00e1c ki\ue011n th\ue02ac v\ue010 h\ue014 th\ue020ng k\ue011t n\ue020i c\u01a1 b\ue006n c\u00e1c b\ue022 ph\ue00bn b\u00ean trong m\u00e1y t\u00ednh,
c\u00e1ch giao ti\ue011p gi\ue02ba c\u00e1c ngo\ue007i vi v\u00e0 b\ue022 x\ue02c l\u00fd. Bi\ue011t \u0111\u01b0\ue026c c\ue009u t\ue007o v\u00e0 c\u00e1c v\ue00bn h\u00e0nh c\ue027a c\u00e1c lo\ue007i thi\ue011t b\ue01e
l\u01b0u tr\ue02b ngo\u00e0i v\u00e0 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p an to\u00e0n d\ue02b li\ue014u tr\u00ean \u0111\u0129a c\ue02ang.
2 N\ue006I DUNG
\u2022Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng I: \u0110\ue000I C\u01af\u01a0NG
L\ue01ech s\ue02c ph\u00e1t tri\ue013n c\ue027a m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, th\u00f4ng tin v\u00e0 s\ue02d m\u00e3 ho\u00e1 th\u00f4ng tin.
\u2022Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng II: KI\ue005NTR\u00daCPH\ue001NM\ue004MB\ue018X\ue01cL\u00dd
Gi\ue024i thi\ue014u c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\ue008n c\u01a1 b\ue006n c\ue027a m\ue022t h\ue014 th\ue020ng m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, ki\ue011n tr\u00fac m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, t\ue00bp l\ue014nh v\u00e0 c\u00e1c ki\ue013u \u0111\ue01enh
v\ue01e c\u01a1 b\ue006n. Kh\u00e1i ni\ue014mv\ue010 ki\ue011n tr\u00fac RISCv\u00e0 CISC, ng\u00f4n ng\ue02b c\ue009p cao v\u00e0 ng\u00f4n ng\ue02b m\u00e1y.
\u2022Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng III: T\ue017CH\ue01bCB\ue018X\ue01cL\u00dd
Gi\ue024i thi\ue014u c\ue009u tr\u00fac c\ue027a b\ue022 x\ue02c l\u00fd trung t\u00e2m: t\ue021 ch\ue02ac, ch\ue02ac n\u0103ng v\u00e0 nguy\u00ean l\u00fd ho\ue007t \u0111\ue022ng c\ue027a c\u00e1c b\ue022 ph\ue00bn b\u00ean
trong b\ue022 x\ue02c l\u00fd. M\ue022t s\ue020 k\ue02e thu\ue00bt x\ue02c l\u00fd th\u00f4ng tin.
\u2022Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng IV: C\u00c1C C\ue002PB\ue018NH\ue019
Gi\ue024i thi\ue014u ch\ue02ac n\u0103ng v\u00e0 nguy\u00ean l\u00fd ho\ue007t \u0111\ue022ng c\ue027a c\u00e1c c\ue009p b\ue022 nh\ue024 m\u00e1y t\u00ednh.
\u2022Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng V: NH\ue003P- XU\ue002T
Thi\ue011t b\ue01e ngo\ue007i vi: c\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\ue008n v\u00e0 h\ue014 th\ue020ng li\u00ean k\ue011t. Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p an to\u00e0n d\ue02b li\ue014u tr\u00ean thi\ue011t b\ue01e l\u01b0u tr\ue02b
ngo\u00e0i
3 KI\ue003NTH\ue008CTI\u00caNQUY\ue003T
\u2022K\ue01d THU\ue003T S\ue016(TH313)
4 T\u00c0I LI\ue004UTHAMKH\ue000O
1. Ki\ue011n tr\u00fac m\u00e1y t\u00ednh \u2013 V\u00f5 V\u0103n Ch\u00edn, \u0110\ue007i h\ue01fc C\ue008n Th\u01a1, 1997.
2. Computer Architecture: AQuantitative Approach, A. Patterson and J. Hennesy, Morgan Kaufmann
Publishers, 2nd Edition, 1996.
3. Computer Otganization and Architecture: Designing for Performance, Sixth Edtion, WilliamStallings,
Prentice Hall.
4. Principles of Computer Architecture, Miles MurdoccaandVincent Heuring(internet- http://iiusaedu.com).
5. Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface, Patterson and Hennessy, Sec-
ond Edition (internet-http://engronline.ee.memphis.edu).
http://cnx.org/content/m30362/1.1/

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