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IMDG code vol2

IMDG code vol2

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Chapter 3.1
General 
3.1.1 Scope and general provisions
3.1.1.1
The Dangerous Goods List in chapter 3.2 lists many of the dangerous goods most commonly transported. Thelist includes entries for specific chemical substances and articles and generic or "not otherwise specified"entries. Since it is not practical to include a separate entry for every chemical substance or article ofcommercial importance specifically by name, especially names for mixtures and solutions of various chemicalconstituents and concentrations, the Dangerous Goods List also includes generic or "not otherwise specified"names (e.g. EXTRACTS, FLAVOURING, LIQUID, UN
1197
or FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S., UN 1993). On thisbasis, the Dangerous Goods List is intended to include an appropriate name or entry for any dangerous goodwhich may be transported.
3.1.1.2
Where a dangerous good is specifically listed by name in the Dangerous Goods List, it shall be transported inaccordance with the provisions in the List which are appropriate for that dangerous good. A generic or "nototherwise specified" entry may
be
used to permit the transport of substances, materials or articles which do
not appear specifically by name in the Dangerous Goods List. Such a
dajngerous
good may be transported
only after its dangerous properties have been determined. Dangerous goods shall be classified according tothe class definitions, tests and criteria. The name which most appropriately describes the dangerous goods
shall
be used. Only when the specific name of the dangerous goods does not appear in the Dangerous GoodsList or the associated primary or subsidiary hazards assigned to it are not appropriate may a generic or "nototherwise specified" name be used. The classification shall be made by the shipper/consignor or by theappropriate competent authority where so specified in the Code. Once the class of the dangerous good hasbeen so established, all conditions for transport, as provided in this Code, shall be met. Any dangerous goodhaving or suspected of having explosive characteristics shall first be considered for inclusion in class
1.
Some
collective entries may be of the generic or "not otherwise specified" type provided that the Code contains
provisions ensuring safety, both by excluding extremely dangerous goods from normal transport and bycovering all subsidiary risks inherent in some goods.
3.1.1.3
Inherent instability in goods may take different dangerous forms, for example explosion, polymerization withintense evolution of heat or emission of flammable, toxic, corrosive or asphyxiant gases. The DangerousGoods List indicates that certain dangerous goods, or dangerous goods in a specific form, concentration orstate, are prohibited for transport by sea. This means that the goods specified are not suitable for transport bysea under normal conditions of transport. This does not mean that such goods may not be transported under
any circumstances. For most goods, such inherent instability can be controlled by suitable packaging, dilution,
stabilization, addition of an inhibitor, temperature control or other measures.3.1.1.4 Where precautionary measures are laid down in the Dangerous Goods List in respect of a given dangerous
good (such as that it shall be "stabilized" or "with
x%
water or
phlegmatizer"),
such dangerous good may not
normally be transported when these measures have not been taken, unless the item in question is listedelsewhere (such as class
1)
without any indication of, or with different, precautionary measures.
3.1.1.5
Certain substances, by the nature of their chemical composition, tend to polymerize or otherwise react in a
dangerous manner under certain conditions of temperature or in contact with a catalyst. Mitigation of thistendency can be carried out either by requiring special transport conditions or by adding adequate amounts ofchemical inhibitors or stabilizers to the product. These products shall be sufficiently stabilized to prevent anydangerous reaction during the intended voyage. If this cannot be ensured, the transport of such products isprohibited.
3.1.1.6
Where the contents of a portable tank is to be transported heated, the transport temperature is to bemaintained during the intended voyage unless it is established that crystallization or solidification on coolingwould not result in instability, which can occur with some stabilized or inhibited products.
IMDG
CODE
(Amdt.
32-04)
 
Part 3 -
Dangerous Goods List and limited quantities exceptions 
3.1.2 Proper Shipping Names
Note
1
:
The Proper Shipping Names of the dangerous goods are those listed in chapter 3.2, Dangerous GoodsList. Synonyms, secondary names, initials, abbreviations of names, etc. have been included in the Index tofacilitate the search for the Proper Shipping Name (see Part 5, Consignment Procedures). Where, in this Code,the term "Proper Shipping Name" is used, it is the "correct technical name" required by regulation 4 of Annex IIIof MARPOL 73/78, as amended.
Note 2:
For Proper Shipping Names to be used for dangerous goods shipped as limited quantities, see 3.4.5and 3.4.6.
Note 3: For Proper Shipping Names to be used for transport of samples, see 2.0.4. For Proper Shipping
Names to be used for transport of wastes, see
5.4.1.4.3.3.
3.1.2.1
The Proper Shipping Name is that portion of the entry most accurately describing the goods in the DangerousGoods List, which is shown in upper-case characters (plus any numbers, Greek letters,
'sec',
'tert',
and theletters
m, n, o, p,
which form an integral part of the name). An alternative Proper Shipping Name may be shownin brackets following the main Proper Shipping Name (such as ETHANOL (ETHYL
ALCOHOL)).
Portions of anentry appearing in lower case need not be considered as part of the Proper Shipping Name but may be used.
3.1.2.2
When conjunctions such as "and" or "or" are in lower case or when segments of the name are punctuated bycommas, the entire name of the entry need not necessarily be shown in the transport document or packagemarkings. This is the case particularly when a combination of several distinct entries are listed under a singleUN Number. Examples illustrating the selection of the Proper Shipping Name for such entries are:
The Proper Shipping Name is the most appropriate of the
.1 UN 1057 LIGHTERS or LIGHTER REFILLSfollowing possible combinations:
LIGHTERS
LIGHTER REFILLS;.2 UN 2583 ALKYLSULPHONIC or ARYLSULPHONIC ACIDS, SOLID with more than 5% free sulphuric acid- The Proper Shipping Name is the most appropriate of the following:ALKYLSULPHONIC ACIDS, SOLIDARYLSULPHONIC ACIDS, SOLID;.3 UN 2793 FERROUS METAL BORINGS, SHAVINGS, TURNINGS or CUTTINGS in a form liable to self-heating. The Proper Shipping Name is the most appropriate of the following combinations:FERROUS METAL BORINGSFERROUS METAL SHAVINGSFERROUS METAL TURNINGSFERROUS METAL CUTTINGS.
3.1.2.3
Proper Shipping Names may be used in the singular or plural as appropriate. In addition, when qualifyingwords are used as part of the Proper Shipping Name, their sequence on documentation or packages is
optional. Commercial or military names for goods of class
1,
which contain the Proper Shipping Name
supplemented by additional text, may be used.
3.1.2.4
Many substances have an entry for both the liquid and solid state (see definitions for liquid and solid in
1.2.1),
or for the solid and solution. These are allocated separate UN numbers which are not necessarily adjacent toeach other. Details are provided in the alphabetical index, e.g.:NITROXYLENES, LIQUID - 6.1 1665NITROXYLENES, SOLID - 6.1 3447.
3.1.2.5
Where it is not already included, the qualifying word "MOLTEN" shall be added to the Proper Shipping Namewhen a substance which is solid in accordance with the definition in 1.2.1 is offered for transport in the moltenstate (such as ALKYLPHENOL, SOLID, N.O.S., MOLTEN). For elevated temperature substances, see
5.4.1.4.3.4.
3.1.2.6
Except for self-reactive substances and organic peroxides and unless it is already included in capital letters inthe name indicated in the Dangerous Goods List, the word STABILIZED shall be added as part of the ProperShipping Name of the substance which without stabilization would be forbidden from transport in accordancewith 1.1.4 due to it being liable to dangerously react under conditions normally encountered in transport (suchas TOXIC LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S., STABILIZED). When temperature control is used to stabilize suchsubstances to prevent the development of any dangerous excess pressure, then:.1 For liquids: where the SADT is less than 50°C, the provisions of 7.7.5 shall apply;.2 For gases: the conditions of transport shall be approved by the competent authority.
IMDG
CODE
(Amdt.
32-04)

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