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Published by: api-20017870 on Dec 04, 2009
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 home A)Decision to abandon the Ship:- -The current situation; -How the situation is expected to develop; -What are the possibilities of influencing the development in a positive manner; -What are the consequences if one does not manage to influence thedevelopment to a sufficient extent; -Buoyancy characteristics and damage stability. The evaluation will be a probability calculation in which all known factors thatmay influence the development of the situation are taken into account. Actions must be concentrated on those aspects upon which it is possible toinfluence, and which are of utmost importance for the desired result: Safety of lives. When the Master makes the decision to evacuate, he must also decide in whichmanner it shall be carried out. When the alarm signal or the order to abandon isgiven, the Master must also give the necessary orders so that the abandonmentmay take place in the manner that in his opinion is the safest in the currentsituation. B)Distress Message and Communication 
1.External communication:
 When it has been decided to abandon the ship a distress situation existsirrespective of how favourable the conditions may seem. If no earlier notification has been given about the difficulties encountered, it isnecessary to send a distress signal and a distress message; 
2.Internal communication:
In situations where it is decided to use more survival craft or where part of the complement is evacuated in a first stage, it is necessary to distribute allavailable radio equipment so that communication may be maintained between all units.C) Abandonment with own Craft 
1.In an acute situation:
 In an acute abandonment situation it may only be possible to use thesurvival craft on one side of the ship, due to weather conditions or other circumstances. When the signal preparation for abandonment is given, itmust have been decided which craft are to be used, and orders must begiven accordingly. If the situation permits, other survival craft should be prepared for alternative use. In an acute situation it may be very difficult to organise search parties for missing persons. Those who are missing may be deceased, badly injured,fallen over board, or may be participating in casualty abatement on their own initiative. Try to find out where missing persons were last seen, possibilities and time available for searching, and the probability that theymay still be alive. To supplement the survival craft with extra equipment in an acutesituation will be difficult. Clothing, personal life-saving equipment andcommunication equipment must have priority. In cases where theevacuation has a character of flight, leadership will be of decisiveimportance for a successful result. It is important that the leaders takecharge immediately, support those who show initiative, activate those whoseem paralysed and neutralise those who show tendency to panic. 
2)In a precarious situation:
 In situations where it is evident that the ship must be abandoned, butwhere the development seems such that some time is available for  preparation and extra precautions, it may be better not to use the life- boatalarm, but rather to gather the complement and inform them about thesituation and the plans for abandonment that have been made. The crewmay then get an opportunity to prepare mentally for the abandonment. If it is known that help is underway or is being prepared, this must beemphasized, as it will have a favourable effect upon the survivors. Even if the situation is such that abandonment may be achieved by other means, the preparations for abandonment with own survival craft must becarried out. 

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