It protects the placenta and umbilical cord from the pressure of uterine contractions during labour.
: Placental development begins at third week of embryonicdevelopment and develops at site where embryo attaches touterine wall
FUNCTIONS OF PLACENTA:
Produces 4 hormones necessary to maintain pregnancy
Support fetus for respiration, nutrition, excretion
Storage of glucose in the form of glycogen and reconverts toglucose and also store proteins, calcium and iron
: It consists of a double membrane, outer membrane is thechorion, which lies under the capsular deciduas and becomes closelyadherent to the uterine wall. The inner membrane is the amion whichcontains the amniotic fluid.
: It is a thick opaque, friable membrane derived from thetrophoblast.It is continuous with the chorionic plate, which forms thebase of the placenta.
: It is a smooth, tough, translucent membrane derived fromthe inner cell mass. It is thought to have a role in the formation of theamniotic fluid.
Develops from amnion Body stalk attaches embryo to yolk sac,fuses with embryonic portion of placenta
Provides pathway from chorionic villi to embryo
Contains two arteries and one vein
Surrounded by Wharton’s jelly to protect vessels
Wharton’s jelly: Specialized connective tissue protects bloodvesselsFunction of umbilical cord: Provides circulatory pathway toEmbryo