significantly faster than hubs. Like the client machines, Ethernet switches and hubs alsosupport 10/100 and 10/100/1000 speeds.
Ethernet transmits variable length frames from 72 to 1518 bytes in length, eachcontaining a header with the addresses of the source and destination stations and a trailer that contains error correction data
Ethernet version 2 frame format
preamble(8 byte)DestinationAddress (6 bytes)SourceAddress (6 bytes)Type (2 bytes)Information field(46 - 1500 bytes)Frame Check Sequence (4 bytes)Preamble is a sequence of 7 bytes, each set to “10101010”, Used to synchronizereceiver before actual data is sent.Type field is a demultiplexing key used to determine which higher level protocol theframe should be delivered to.Addresses:unique, 48-bit unicast address(example:
assigned to eachadapter. Each manufacturer gets their own address range. For broadcast: all
sThe Frame Check Sequence (FCS) is a part of the frame put in place to verify that theinformation each frame contains is not damaged during transmission. If a frame iscorrupted during transmission, the FCS on the frame will not match with the recipient'scalculated FCS. Any frames that do not match the calculated FCS will be discarded
Ethernet uses the CSMA/CD technology to broadcast each frame onto the physicalmedium (wire, fiber, etc.). All stations attached to the Ethernet are "listening," and thestation with the matching destination address accepts the frame and checks for errors.Ethernet is a data link protocol (MAC layer protocol) and functions at layer 1 and 2 of theOSI model..3www.mictechcenter.org