ADUMBRATIONS Joel C. Sagut Introduction
The topic of this exposition is no longer new to this class since quite anumber of our classmates have already reported on this. Nevertheless, I havecommitted to understand this topic since we started with our course, and so, Iwould like to share my own understanding of the issue at hand. Let it bementioned from the very start that this exposition does not intend to simplifythe thought of our philosopher for such would be a too ambitious goal.Rather, let this report be an opportunity for me to submit myself to yourassessment as to whether I have understood even a fragment of whatHusserl intends to say. For the possible misreading and shortcomings, I askyour understanding and consideration.
Husserl’s Journey: The Shift from Naturalism to Phenomenology
Husserl started his career as a mathematician. He had his doctoral thesis inmathematics. This fact about his training makes some authors believed thatHusserl originally had adopted a realist standpoint. David Bell for examplesays, “It seems that for some four or five years after he arrived in GottingenHusserl’s philosophical activity was directed towards defending, expanding,and modifying theories that belonged essentially to the same naturalisticpoint of view that had characterized his thought in the
When Husserl for example uses the word
aswhen he says, “Two meanings can be attached to this objectiveinterconnection which ideally pervades scientific thought, and which givesunity to such thought, and so to science as such; it can be understood as aninterconnection of the
to which our thought-experiences (actual orpossible) are intentionally directed…”
It is notable that the use of the word
here resembles the naturalistic tendency to equate
with theactually existing (or the ideal/possible) object. It presupposes an
existence of the
. This is the
that exists unrelated to its cognitionby anybody.
However, commentators noted a transcendental turn in the philosophy of Husserl. Bell announced that “in 1907, he delivered a series of five lectureswhich, for the first time, made public the fact that his philosophy had taken a‘transcendental turn’ away from naturalism.”
. (New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall, Inc., 1990), 153.
Objectivity here is meant to refer to the being’s existence outside consciousness.
Cf. Roman Ingarden,
On the Motives which led Husserl to Transcendental Idealism
, trans. Arnor Hannibalsson. (Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1975), 5.