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The Various Rights Islam Gives to Women

The Various Rights Islam Gives to Women

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Published by farah-fareeha-3340

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Published by: farah-fareeha-3340 on Dec 04, 2009
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Women’s Liberation through Islam (part 1 of 2): TheVarious Rights Islam Gives to WomenToday people think that women are liberated in theWest and that the Women’s liberation movementbegan in the 20th century. Actually, the women’sliberation movement was not begun by women, butwas revealed by God to a man in the seventh centuryby the name of Muhammad, may the mercy andblessings of God be upon him, the last Prophet of God. The Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet arethe sources from which every Muslim woman derivesher rights and duties.Human RightsIslam, fourteen centuries ago, made women equallyaccountable to God in glorifying and worshipping Him – setting no limits on her moral progress. Also, Islamestablished a woman’s equality in her humanity withmen. In the Quran, in the first verse of the chapter entitled “Women”, God says:“O mankind! Be careful of your duty toward your Lordwho created you from a single soul and from it itsmate and from them both have spread abroad amultitude of men and women. Be careful of your dutytoward God in Whom you claim (your rights) of oneanother, and towards the wombs (that bore you). Lo!
God has been a Watcher over you.” (Quran 4:1)Since men and women both came from the sameessence, they are equal in their humanity. Womencannot be by nature evil (as some religions teach) or then men would be evil also. Similarly, neither gender can be superior because it would be a contradiction toequality.Civil RightsIn Islam, a woman has the basic freedoms of choiceand expression based on recognition of her individualpersonality. First, a non-Muslim woman can not beforced to convert for marriage, or upon the conversionof parents. The Quran states:“There is no compulsion in religion. Right has beenmade distinct from error.” (Quran 2:256)Women are encouraged in Islam to contribute their opinions and ideas. There are many traditions of theProphet which indicate that women would posequestions directly to him and offer their opinionsconcerning religion, economics and social matters.A Muslim woman has full right to approve or deny aproposal of marriage, and her name is to be kept after marriage. A Muslim woman’s testimony is valid inlegal disputes. In fact, where women are morefamiliar, their evidence is conclusive.Social Rights
The Prophet said:“Seeking knowledge is a mandate for every Muslim(male and female).” (At-Tirmidhi)This includes knowledge of the Quran and theHadeeth as well as other types of knowledge. Menand women both have the capacity for learning andunderstanding. Since it is also their obligation topromote good behavior and condemn bad behavior inall spheres of life, Muslim women must acquire theappropriate education to perform this duty inaccordance with their own natural talents andinterests.While bearing, raising and teaching of children, andproviding support to her husband and maintenance of a home are among the first, and very highly regarded,roles for a woman, if she has the skills to work outsidethe home for the good of the community, she may do,so as long as her family obligations are met.Islam recognizes and fosters the natural differencesbetween men and women despite their equality.Some types of work are more suitable for men andother types for women. This in no way diminisheseither’s efforts or benefits. God will reward bothsexes equally for the value of their work, through, itmay not necessarily be the same activity.

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