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TCP/IP (CHP-3) • IP- Unique Address for Each Computer On

TCP/IP (CHP-3) • IP- Unique Address for Each Computer On

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Published by: vaibvhav on Dec 04, 2009
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05/11/2014

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TCP/IP (CHP-3)
IP- unique address for each computer on internet much like an addressin the postal service.TCP- takes information sent by user & divides it into smaller packets,then numbers each packet.The nos. each packet so that the receipt can be verified and data can be put back in the proper order.TCP/IP allows internet to provide reliable full duplex data & graphicstransfer & multimedia transfer.
Traditional services offered over TCP/IP
File transfer
Allows user on any computer to get files from another computer or sendfiles to another computer.Security- username & password for other computeTarget can restrict access of user to certain directories of files.
 No time or type of data limit.FTP can run any time a file is to be accessed on another system.
Remote login-
Network terminal protocol (TELNET) allows user to login to any othecomputer on network.Once connected ,all inputs are meant for the destination computer.
E-mail-
Using Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) msgs can be sent to userson other computer on network Classes of IPIP- 32-bit no.E.g. 128.6.4.7different types of addressClass A-Use only first octet for network no.Remaining 3 used as host no.ie. 24 bits.1.-.-.- to 126.-.-.-Class B-
1
st
2 octets for network no.Last 2 octets for host no.128.1.-.- to 191.254.-.-216 = 64516 hosts, prefer by many organizationsClass C-
3 octets for network no.
 
Last octet for host no.194.1.1.- to 223.254.254.-254 hosts but large no of networks.
SMTP
In TCP/IP, for transferring e-mail betn end user computer & mailserver.Both sender & receiver should be ready at same time, else POP should be used.They are equivalent to MTAs in the X.400 world.Transmission mechanism-
2 hosts on same transport service,Hosts on different transport servicesOne or mare relay SMTP-server when the source and destination hostsare not connected to the same transport service.Mail msg can’t have control characters,for including them they must beconverted into ASCII.
 
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension (MIME)
Binary data are not supported by Internet mail
MIME Enable binary data to be sent as attachments to e-mail msg.E.g. spreadsheets, word processing doc, images, etc.When MIME msg reaches destination, displayed icon indicates typeof MIME attachment.The corresponding application on which the mime attachment can beviewed can then be run for viewing the document/attachment.
Post Office Protocol 
Problems with using SMTPImpractical to have SMTP server & associated local mail deliverysystem kept resident & continuously running.
Difficult to keep computer connected to SMTP server for longdurationUAs enable user to store & manage their mail on their own systePOP allows UAs to access hosts so that-E-mails received SMTP server can be retrieved,Outbound msgs can be uploaded to server for onward transmission.Once e-mail has been downloaded on UA, it is deleted from SMTPserver 
Internet Mail Access Protocol 
Allows connected stations to first view msg headers & choose mailmsg for receiving.Allows client to access & manipulate e-mail msg on server.Permits manipulation of remote msg folders, mailboxes.Msgs are accessed by use of nos which are msg sequence nos or unique identifiers. Message Security ProtocolProvide security services for X.400- based electronic messaging.Application layer protocol operates betn originator & recipients omsg.

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