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French History catalog from Duke University Press

French History catalog from Duke University Press

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A catalog of recent tiles in French History published by Duke University Press.
A catalog of recent tiles in French History published by Duke University Press.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Duke University Press on Dec 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Reproducingthe French Race
Immigration, Intimacy,and Embodiment in theEarly Twentieth Century 
E
lisa
C
amisCioli
 “
Reproducing the French Race
skillfullytraces underlying connections amongimmigration, gender, and national identityin interwar France, while fundamentally
reguring seemingly settled scholarship onpronatalism and labor rationalization bydemonstrating the still under-recognized
centrality of race to them. Elisa Camiscioli
has written an accomplished and ambitiouswork that integrates issues typically treatedseparately into an innovative argumentabout ‘embodiment’ that challengesconventional assumptions about Frenchrepublicanism as essentially abstract anduniversal.”—
Gary Wilder
, author of 
TheFrench Imperial Nation-State: Negritudeand Colonial Humanism between the TwoWorld Wars
I
n
Reproducing the French Race
, ElisaCamiscioli argues that immigration was a
dening feature of early-twentieth-centuryFrance, and she examines the political,cultural, and social issues implicated inpublic debates about immigration and
national identity at the time. Camisciolidemonstrates that mass immigration
provided politicians, jurists, industrialists,
racial theorists, feminists, and others with
ample opportunity to explore questionsof French racial belonging, France’srelationship to the colonial empire andthe rest of Europe, and the connectionsbetween race and national anxietiesregarding depopulation and degeneration.
She also shows that discussions of the
nation and its citizenry consistently returnedto the body: its color and gender, itsexpenditure of labor power, its reproductivecapacity, and its experience of desire. Of paramount importance was the question of which kinds of bodies could assimilate intothe “French race.” By focusing on telling aspects of theimmigration debate, Camiscioli reveals
how racial hierarchies were constructed,
how gender gured in their creation, andhow only white Europeans were cast asassimilable. Delving into pronatalist politics,she describes how potential immigrants
were ranked according to their imagined
capacity to adapt to the workplace and
family life in France. She traces the links
between racialized categories and concernsabout industrial skills and output, and
she examines medico-hygienic texts oninterracial sex, connecting those to the
crusade against prostitution and the relatedcampaign to abolish “white slavery,” thealleged entrapment of (white) women forsale into prostitution abroad. Camisciolialso explores the debate surrounding the1927 law that rst made it possible for
French women who married foreigners to
keep their French nationality. She concludesby linking the Third Republic’s impulse to
create racial hierarchies to the emergenceof the Vichy regime.
Elisa Camiscioli
is Associate Professor of 
History and Women’s Studies at BinghamtonUniversity.
2009. 232 pages, 10 illustrations978-0-8223-4565-7, paper $22.95
 
Mobilizing Youth
Communists and Catholicsin Interwar France
s
usan
B. W
hitnEy
 “In this fascinating book, the social history
of French youth in the interwar years
has nally found its historian. Susan B.Whitney’s extensive and careful researchin the archives of communist and Catholicyouth movements introduces us to thecritical issues at stake: competition forthe allegiance of the young between
communists and Catholics, the key role
played by adults in shaping youth activism,the inuence of the changing political scene
in the 1920s and 1930s, and the long-term
effects membership had on those who joined up. Whitney is particularly astutein her analysis of the place of gender;
she shows us how traditional notions of sexual difference were at once reinforced
and changed in the experience of youngCatholics and communists who participatedin these movements.”—
Joan W. Scott
,
Institute for Advanced Study
 “
Mobilizing Youth
offers an ambitious andimaginative look at two vital movementsin interwar France, with a comparison thatadds greatly to our understanding not justof French social and political history, but of the emergence of youth as an organized(and manipulated) force.”—
Peter N.Stearns
, Provost, George Mason University
I
n
Mobilizing Youth
, Susan B. Whitney
examines how youth moved tothe forefront of French politics in the
two decades following the First WorldWar. In those years, Communists and
Catholics forged the most importantyouth movements in France. Focusingon the competing efforts of the twogroups to mobilize the young and harnessgenerational aspirations, Whitney traces theformative years of the Young Communistsand the Young Christian Workers, includingtheir female branches. She analyzes theideologies of the movements, their majorcampaigns, their styles of political andreligious engagement, and their approachesto male and female activism. As Whitney
demonstrates, the recasting of genderroles lay at the heart of Catholic efforts and
became crucial to Communist strategies in
the mid-1930s.
Moving back and forth between theconstantly shifting tactics devisedto mobilize young people and thecircumstances of their lives, Whitneygives special consideration to the contextin which the youth movements operatedand in which young people made choices.She traces the impact of the First World
War on the young and on the formulation
of generation-based political and religiousidentities, the place of work and leisurein young people’s lives and politicalmobilization, the impact of the Depression,the role of Soviet ideas and interventionin French Communist youth politics,and the state’s new attention to youthfollowing the victory of France’s PopularFront government in 1936.
MobilizingYouth
concludes by inserting the era’syouth activists and movements into thecomplicated events of the Second World
War.
Susan B. Whitney
is Associate Professor
of History and Associate Dean of the Faculty
of Arts and Social Sciences at Carleton
University in Ottawa.
2009. 336 pages, 13 illustrations978-0-8223-4613-5, paper $24.95
 
How to Be French
Nationality in the Making since 1789
P
atriCk
W
Eil
T
ranslaTed
 
by
C
aTherine
P
orTer 
 “[A] densely organised and thoroughly
researched analysis of jurists’ debates andlegal decisions since 1789. The book isclearly signposted and written—and verycarefully translated by Porter. . . . [Weil’s]dispassionate and scholarly book shedsmuch-needed light on the complex legalaspects of the question for these post-colonial times.”—
Sian Reynolds
,
TimesHigher Education Supplement 
 “
How to be French
is a critical history of 
nationality law and politics that illuminatesdecisive moments in the making of 
French nationality while making new and
sophisticated theoretical claims about
the articulations of nationality, the state,
and history itself. This is a stupendousachievement by one of the most importantFrench scholars and public intellectualswriting today.”—
Peter Sahlins
, author of 
Unnaturally French: Foreign Citizens in theOld Regime and After 
H
ow to Be French
is a magisterial historyof French nationality law from 1789
to the present, written by Patrick Weil,one of France’s foremost historians. Firstpublished in France in 2002, it is lledwith captivating human dramas, with legalprofessionals, and with statesmen includingLa Fayette, Napoleon, Clemenceau, deGaulle, and Chirac. France has longpioneered nationality policies. It was Francethat rst made the parent’s nationality thechild’s birthright, regardless of whetherthe child is born on national soil, and
France has changed its nationality laws
more often and more signicantly than any
other modern democratic nation. Focusing
on the political and legal confrontationsthat policies governing French nationalityhave continually evoked and the lawsthat have resulted, Weil teases out therationales of lawmakers and jurists. In sodoing, he denitively separates nationality
from national identity. He demonstratesthat nationality laws are written not to
realize lofty conceptions of the nationbut to address specic issues such as theautonomy of the individual in relation to thestate or a sudden decline in population.
Patrick Weil
is a senior research fellow
at the Centre National de RechercheScientique and a professor at theParis School of Economics. The authorof many books, he was a member of France’s Governmental Advisory Council
on Integration from 1996 to 2002, and a
member of the Presidential Commissioncreated by President Jacques Chirac onthe “implementation of the principle of secularism within the French Republic” in2003. In 1997, following a request fromPrime Minister Lionel Jospin, he producedtwo inuential reports on nationality and
immigration legislation. Under its originaltitle,
Qu’est-ce qu-un Français
,
How to BeFrench
won the François Furet prize.
Catherine Porter
, Professor Emeritus in
the Foreign Languages Department at theState University of New York, Cortland, wonthe Chevalier d’Or des Palmes Académiquesfor advancing Franco-American relations
through translation and teaching.
2008. 456 pages, 3 maps978-0-8223-4331-8, paper $24.95

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