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Crime in Nairobi: Results of a City wide Victim Survey; Safer Cities Series 2

Crime in Nairobi: Results of a City wide Victim Survey; Safer Cities Series 2

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This publication is part of the Safer Nairobi project, funded by UNDP, which is working towards a city-wide crime prevention strategy. This survey is a diagnosis on both crime itself and insecurity surrounding crime in Nairobi. A fundamental requirement of a prevention-oriented approach to crime is the availability of extensive and reliable data and to this end the UN-HABITAT Victimisation Survey of Nairobi is the most comprehensive undertaken to date, being administered in two discrete phases between May and August 2001. Throughout the study over 10,500 ordinary residents of Nairobi contributed their effort by offering opinions and attitudes to a number of different issues concerning safety and crime.
This publication is part of the Safer Nairobi project, funded by UNDP, which is working towards a city-wide crime prevention strategy. This survey is a diagnosis on both crime itself and insecurity surrounding crime in Nairobi. A fundamental requirement of a prevention-oriented approach to crime is the availability of extensive and reliable data and to this end the UN-HABITAT Victimisation Survey of Nairobi is the most comprehensive undertaken to date, being administered in two discrete phases between May and August 2001. Throughout the study over 10,500 ordinary residents of Nairobi contributed their effort by offering opinions and attitudes to a number of different issues concerning safety and crime.

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05/28/2015

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CRIME IN NAIROBI
RESULTS OF A CITYWIDE VICTIM SURVEY
September 2002
 
 
By Aki Stavrou
The findings, interpretations and conclusions in this publication do not necessarily represent the views of UN-HABITAT or any affiliated organization.
Safer Cities: Series #4 Nairobi, Kenya September, 2002 Editing and Layout: Tom Mboya Pictures: Justo Casal HS: 661/02E ISBN: 92-1-131614-6 Series: 92-1-131653-7
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................3
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.........................................................................4
 
CHAPTER ONE: BACKGROUND..........................................................8
 
1.1
 
INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................8
 
1.2
 
VICTIMISATION
 
SURVEYS......................................................................................................9
 
1.3
 
METHODOLOGY....................................................................................................................11
 
1.3.1
 
The Scan
.....................................................................................................................................12
 
1.3.2 
 
The Main Survey 
........................................................................................................................13
 
1.3.2.1
 
Individual Survey 
...................................................................................................................13
 
1.3.2.2 
 
Household Survey 
.................................................................................................................13
 
1.3.2.3
 
Commercial Survey 
 ..............................................................................................................13
 
1.4
 
STRUCTURE
 
OF
 
THE
 
REPORT............................................................................................14
 
1.4.1
 
Points to Note
.............................................................................................................................14
 
1.5
 
THE
 
TEAM..............................................................................................................................15
 
1.5.1
 
The Reference Group and UN-HABITAT 
...............................................................................15
 
1.5.2 
 
The Research Team
..................................................................................................................15
 
CHAPTER TWO: THE SCAN...............................................................18
 
2.1
 
INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................18
 
2.2
 
SCAN
 
DEMOGRAPHICS........................................................................................................18
 
2.2.1
 
 Age
...............................................................................................................................................19
 
2.2.2 
 
Gender of Respondents
............................................................................................................19
 
2.2.3
 
Other Demographic Criteria
.....................................................................................................20
 
2.2.4
 
Commercial Sector Demographic Criteria
..............................................................................20
 
2.3
 
SCAN
 
CONCLUSIONS...........................................................................................................21
 
2.3.1
 
Personal Crimes
....................................................................................................................21
 
2.3.2 
 
Property Crimes
.........................................................................................................................21
 
2.3.3
 
Commercial Crimes
...................................................................................................................22
 
CHAPTER THREE: THE VICTIMS AND THEIR OPINIONS OF CRIME26
 
3.1
 
INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................26
 
3.2
 
RESPONDENT
 
DEMOGRAPHICS.........................................................................................26
 
3.2.1
 
 Age, Gender, Race and Household Size
...............................................................................26 
 
3.2.2 
 
Place, Type of Residence and Residential Status
................................................................27 
 
3.2.3
 
Level of Education, Occupation and Place of Study/Work 
..................................................28
 
3.2.4
 
Victimisation Rates
....................................................................................................................30
 
3.3
 
PERCEPTIONS
 
OF
 
CRIME....................................................................................................31
 
3.3.1
 
Fear of Crime
..............................................................................................................................32
 
3.3.2 
 
Issues of Safety 
..........................................................................................................................32
 
3.4
 
PERCEPTIONS
 
OF
 
THE
 
POLICE
 
FORCE.............................................................................33
 
3.5
 
STREET
 
CHILDREN...............................................................................................................35
 
3.6
 
ILLEGAL
 
FIREARMS..............................................................................................................37
 
3.6.1
 
Changes in Number of Illegal Firearms
..................................................................................37 
 
3.6.2 
 
Firearms Usage
..........................................................................................................................38
 
3.6.3
 
Firearms Ownership
..................................................................................................................38
 
3.7
 
CORRUPTION........................................................................................................................40
 
3.8
 
CONCLUSION........................................................................................................................40
 
CHAPTER FOUR: PERSONAL CRIMES.............................................48
 
4.1
 
INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................48
 
4.2
 
SNATCHING
 
(S
IMPLE
T
HEFT
)..................................................................................................48
 
4.2.1
 
The Scan
.....................................................................................................................................48
 
4.2.2 
 
Time of Occurrence
...................................................................................................................49
 

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