of the entire trade and industry of the nation, so as to bring the idealism of thewhole people to a conception of and to a support of the national policy of modernGermany.”Germany controlled the press, the clergy and the schools.Is it any wonder that the German soldiers faced certain death with fearlessimpunity, when one stops to consider the fact that they had been taught, from earlychildhood, that this sacrifice was a rare privilege?
Examine any national or world history and observe how tactfully and effectively war hasbeen glorified and so described that it not only did not shock the mind of the student, butit actually established a plausible justification of war.The outstanding problem of the American people today is the spirit of unrest upon thepart of the masses who find the struggle for existence becoming harder and harderbecause the most competent brains of the country are engaged in the highly competitiveattempt to accumulate wealth and to control the wealth-producing machinery of thenation.
War grows out of the desire of the individual to gain advantage at the expense of hisfellow men, and the smoldering embers of this desire are fanned into a flamethrough the grouping of these individuals who place the interests of the group abovethose of other groups.War cannot be stopped suddenly!It can be eliminated only by education, through the aid of the principle of subordination of the individual interests to the broader interests of the human raceas a whole.
Man’s tendencies and activities, as we have already stated, grow out of two great forces.One is physical heredity, and the other is social heredity. Through physical heredity, maninherits those early tendencies to destroy his fellow man out of self-protection.Gradually men began to learn that the individual could survive under more favorablecircumstances by allying himself with others, and out of that discovery grew our modern