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Making Up The 'Eid Prayer

Making Up The 'Eid Prayer

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Published by UmmMuftee
Translated article by Shayk Salih Uthaymeen with references from the sunnah and scholars of the past regarding the correct position as it pertains to making up the 'Eid prayer clarifying whether it is wajib or mustahabb. Taken from wwww.salafitapes.com
Translated article by Shayk Salih Uthaymeen with references from the sunnah and scholars of the past regarding the correct position as it pertains to making up the 'Eid prayer clarifying whether it is wajib or mustahabb. Taken from wwww.salafitapes.com

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Published by: UmmMuftee on Dec 05, 2009
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12/04/2009

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Making up the 'Eed Prayer
Ash Shaykh, Al ‘Allaamah, Muhammad ibn Saalih al 'Uthaymeen
…and the Mathhab of Imaam Ahmad is that making up Salatul E'id isSunnah (recommended) and it is better that it be made up in thesame manner that it was performed initially (i.e. With all of it'stakbiraat and the recitation out loud) and based upon this position, if one leaves off making this prayer up then he is free of sin. If hemakes it up in the manner that he would normally pray the Sunnan ar Rawaatib (the regular two unit supererogatory prayers after everySalaat except Salatul Asr) then it is acceptable, because the fact thatit should be made up in the same manner that it was initiallyperformed is solely to show it’s preference and priority and it does notmean that it is mandatory to do so in that manner.The evidence to show that making up the Salatul E’id, if one missesit, is found in the statement of the Messenger (sallahu alaihi wasalam):
 “Whoever sleeps through the Salat or forgets it then lethim pray it when he remembers.
Hadith found in Sahih Bukhaariand Muslim on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu).Also the statement of the Messenger (sallahu alaihi wa salam)
“…that which you catch (of the Salaat) then finish it and thatwhich you miss then make it up”
Hadith found in Sahih Bukhaariand Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah (Radiallahu anhu)But this derivation deserves some scrutiny and considerationbecause the meaning that was intended in these two ahadith was thefareedha (the five compulsory prayers) as for Salatul E’id then it is a
 
prayer which is legislated to be performed in congregation specificallyso if some one misses it then he does not make it up except if there isevidence proving that he should do so. And because of this, if someone misses the jumu’ah prayer he does not make it up either rather he only prays the compulsory prayer of that time which isSalatul Thur and this was the opinion of Shiekhul Islaam IbnTaymiyah (rahima hullahu) that you do not make it up i.e. Salatul E’id,if you miss it and that making it up is not from the sunnah because itwas not reported on the Messenger (sallahu alaihi wa salam) andalso because it is a salat that is to be established in a congregationspecifically so it should not be prayed except in that manner If someone were to say: Isn’t Salatul Jumu’ah a prayer established incongregation specifically and along with this it is made up? The reply:Salatul Jumu’ah is not made up if missed rather he prays the salat of that time which is Salatul Thur. We will also say in relation to SalatulE’id that if you miss performing it in congregation like is was legislatedthen you do not make it up and there is no compulsory prayer to beperformed during that time nor any supererogatory prayer. . So basedupon this view it is clear that those who are in their homes (during thetime of Salatul E’id) do not pray this prayer (in their homes) and for this reason, the Messenger (sallahu alaihi wa salam) commanded thepeople to come out to perform this prayer and he ordered the womenthose were free and those that were slaves even the women on their menses to take part in this act of good and the Sa'wah of the Muslimsand he didn't say whoever stays at home then they should performthe Salaat in their homes… and when the Sunnah is clarified it is notpossible that it can be opposed..

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