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ABB Switchgear Manual 11th Ed. 2006

ABB Switchgear Manual 11th Ed. 2006

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03/25/2014

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ABB
 
Switchgear
 
Manual
 
1
1
th
 
Edition
 
200
6
,
 
Chapter
 
1
 
Fundamental
 
Physical
 
and
 
Technical
 
Terms
 
2
 
General
 
Electrotechnical
 
Formulae
 
3
 
Calculation
 
of 
 
Short
Circuit
 
Currents
 
4
 
Dimensioning
 
for
 
Switchgear
 
Installations
 
5
 
Protective
 
Measures
 
for
 
Persons
 
and
 
Installations
 
6
 
Power System
 
Planning
 
and switchgear engineering
 
7
 
Low
voltage
 
Switchgear
 
8
 
Switchgear
 
and
 
Switchgear
 
Installations
52
 
kV
 
9
 
High
 
Current
 
Switchgear
 
10
 
High
 
Voltage
 
Apparatus
 
11
 
High
 
Voltage
 
Switchgear
 
Installations
 
12
 
Transformers
 
and
 
other
 
Equipment
 
for
 
Switchgear
 
Installations
 
13
 
Conductor
 
Materials
 
and
 
Accessories
 
for
 
Switchgear
 
Installations
 
14
 
Protection
 
and
 
Control
 
in
 
Substations
 
and
 
Power
 
Networks
 
15
 
Secondary
 
Installations
 
16
 
Materials
 
and
 
Semi
Finished
 
Products
 
for
 
Switchgear
 
17
 
Miscellaneous
 
 
1
            1
1Fundamental Physical and Technical Terms
1.1Units of physical quantities
1.1.1The International System of Units (Sl)
The statutory units of measurement are
1)
1.the basic units of the International System of Units (Sl units) for the basic quantitieslength, mass, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature and luminous in-tensity,2.the units defined for the atomic quantities of quantity of substance, atomic massand energy,3.the derived units obtained as products of powers of the basic units and atomicunits through multiplication with a defined numerical factor,4.the decimal multiples and sub-multiples of the units stated under 1-3.
Table 1-2
DecimalsMultiples and sub-multiples of unitsDecimal powerPrefixSymbol10
18
ExaE10
–1
Dezid10
15
PetaP10
–2
Zentic10
12
TeraT10
–3
Millim10
9
GigaG10
–6
Mikroµ10
6
MegaM10
–9
Nanon10
3
Kilok10
–12
Pikop10
2
Hektoh10
–15
Femtof10
1
Dekada10
–18
 Attoa
Table 1-1
Basic SI unitsQuantityUnitsUnitsSymbolNameLengthmmetreMasskgkilogrammeTimessecondElectric currentAampereThermodynamic temperatureKkelvinLuminous intensitycdcandelaQuantity of substancemolmole
1)
DIN 1301
 
2  
Table 1-3
List of units
12345678
Sl unitOther unitsNo. QuantityRelationshipRemarksNameSymbolNameSymbol
1 Length, area, volume
1.1Lengthmetrem1.2Areasquare metrem
2
area1 a = 10
2
m
2
for land measurementhectareha1 ha = 10
4
m
2
only1.3Volumecubic metrem
3
litrel1 l = 1 dm
3
= 10
–3
m
3
1.4Reciprocalreciprocal metre1/mlengthdioptredpt1 dpt = 1/m1.5Elongationmetre perm/mmetre
(
continued)
Numerical value ofelongation often expressedin per centonly for refractive index ofoptical systems
  
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