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ABB Switchgear Manual 11th Ed. 2006

# ABB Switchgear Manual 11th Ed. 2006

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03/25/2014

pdf

text

original

ABB

Switchgear

Manual

1
1
th

Edition

200
6
,

Chapter

1

Fundamental

Physical

and

Technical

Terms

2

General

Electrotechnical

Formulae

3

Calculation

of

Short
Circuit

Currents

4

Dimensioning

for

Switchgear

Installations

5

Protective

Measures

for

Persons

and

Installations

6

Power System

Planning

and switchgear engineering

7

Low
voltage

Switchgear

8

Switchgear

and

Switchgear

Installations
52

kV

9

High

Current

Switchgear

10

High

Voltage

Apparatus

11

High

Voltage

Switchgear

Installations

12

Transformers

and

other

Equipment

for

Switchgear

Installations

13

Conductor

Materials

and

Accessories

for

Switchgear

Installations

14

Protection

and

Control

in

Substations

and

Power

Networks

15

Secondary

Installations

16

Materials

and

Semi
Finished

Products

for

Switchgear

17

Miscellaneous

1
1
1Fundamental Physical and Technical Terms
1.1Units of physical quantities
1.1.1The International System of Units (Sl)
The statutory units of measurement are
1)
1.the basic units of the International System of Units (Sl units) for the basic quantitieslength, mass, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature and luminous in-tensity,2.the units defined for the atomic quantities of quantity of substance, atomic massand energy,3.the derived units obtained as products of powers of the basic units and atomicunits through multiplication with a defined numerical factor,4.the decimal multiples and sub-multiples of the units stated under 1-3.
Table 1-2
DecimalsMultiples and sub-multiples of unitsDecimal powerPrefixSymbol10
18
ExaE10
–1
Dezid10
15
PetaP10
–2
Zentic10
12
TeraT10
–3
Millim10
9
GigaG10
–6
Mikroµ10
6
MegaM10
–9
Nanon10
3
Kilok10
–12
Pikop10
2
Hektoh10
–15
Femtof10
1
–18
Attoa
Table 1-1
Basic SI unitsQuantityUnitsUnitsSymbolNameLengthmmetreMasskgkilogrammeTimessecondElectric currentAampereThermodynamic temperatureKkelvinLuminous intensitycdcandelaQuantity of substancemolmole
1)
DIN 1301

2
Table 1-3
List of units
12345678
Sl unitOther unitsNo. QuantityRelationshipRemarksNameSymbolNameSymbol
1 Length, area, volume
1.1Lengthmetrem1.2Areasquare metrem
2
area1 a = 10
2
m
2
for land measurementhectareha1 ha = 10
4
m
2
only1.3Volumecubic metrem
3
litrel1 l = 1 dm
3
= 10
–3
m
3
1.4Reciprocalreciprocal metre1/mlengthdioptredpt1 dpt = 1/m1.5Elongationmetre perm/mmetre
(
continued)
Numerical value ofelongation often expressedin per centonly for refractive index ofoptical systems
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