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AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA Linn. Averrhoa Pentranda Blanco

AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA Linn. Averrhoa Pentranda Blanco

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Published by: dniesse_asis on Dec 05, 2009
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12/07/2009

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AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA Linn. BALIMBING
 Averrhoa pentranda
BlancoLocal names: Balimbing (Sul.); balimbing (Tag., Bik.); balingbing (Bik., C.Bis.); balimbin (Tag.); daligan (Ilk.); dalihan (Ibn.); galangan (P. Bis.); galuran(Ibn.); garahan (Bis.); garulan (Ibn.); malimbin (S. L. Bis.); sirinate (Ting.).Balimbing occurs in a cultivated or semicultivated state throughout thePhilippines. It was introduced from tropical America and is now pantropic incultivation.This plant is a small tree growing to a height of 6 meters or less. Theleaves are pinnate, about 15 centimeters long. The leaflets are quite smooth.There are usually about 5 pairs of leaflets which are ovate to ovate-lanceolate,the upper ones about 5 centimeters long and the lower ones smaller. Thepanicles are small, axillary and somewhat bell-shaped 5 to 6 millimeters long.The calyx is reddish purple. The petals are purple to rather bright purple, oftenmargined with white. The fruit is fleshy green or greenish yellow, and usuallyabout 6 centimeters long, with 5 longitudinal, sharp, angular lobes. The seedsare arillate.The fruit is fleshy, acid, green or greenish-yellow, and edible. It is eatenwith or without salt rather extensively by Filipinos and the juice is often used for seasoning. As in kamias the juice is used in washing clothes and removes spotor stains. The fruit is made also into pickles and sweets. Burkill says that theflowers are used in salads in Java.Analyses of the fruit show it to be a fairly good source of iron but deficientin calcium. Hermano and Sepulveda report that it is a fair source of vitamin B.Read adds the fruit also contains vitamin C. According to Correa, the fruitcontains oxalic acid, and potassium oxalate. Sanyal and Ghose say that theseeds contain an alkaloid, harmaline (C
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O).According to Kamel, a decoction of the leaves is good for aphtha andangina. Crevost and Petelot say that in Tonkin the flowers are considered tohave a vermifuge action. Burkill and Haniff record the crushed leaves or shootsare used by the Malays as an application for chicken-pox, ringworm, andheadache. A decoction of the leaves and fruit is given to arrest vomiting. Menautstates that the leaves are applied in fevers.Regnault reports that the Chinese and Annamites use the flowers againstcutaneous affections.The fruit is laxative, a refrigerant, and an antiscorbutic excites appetite, isa febrifuge and antidysenteric, and is a sialogogue and antiphlogistic. It is good

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