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home work 9

home work 9

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Published by Aaron Merrill
Gmail
Gmail

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Published by: Aaron Merrill on Dec 05, 2009
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GmailDeveloped by :GoogleInitial release :March 21, 2004Latest release :/ December 4, 2007OS :Cross-platform(web-basedapplication)Type :POP3,IMAP,E-mail,webmail Website :mail.google.com, orGmail.com  Gmail
, officially
Google Mail
in Germany and the United Kingdom, is afreewebmailservice provided byGoogle. On April 1, 2004 the product began as aninvitation-only beta release. On February 7, 2007 the beta version was opened to the general public.To this day, the service has remained in betastatus. With an initial storage capacity of 1GB, it drastically increased thestandard for free storage.Gmail currently offers over 7200 MB of continuously increasing freestorage (more space is continually being added - about 3.348MBa day), withadditional storage ranging from 10 GB to 400 GB available forUS$20 to $500per year. It has asearch-oriented interface and a "conversation view" similarto aninternet forum. Gmail is well-known for its use otheAjax programmingtechnique in its design,and has tens of millions of  users.
Development history:Announcement
Gmail was a project begun by Google developerPaul Buchheityears before itwas ever announced to the public. For several years, the software wasavailable only internally, as an email client for Google employees.Gmail wasfinally announced to the public in 2004 amid a flurry of rumor. Owing toApril Fool's Day, however, the company's press release
 
was greeted withskepticism in the technology world, especially since Google already had beenknown to make April Fool's Jokes (such asPigeonRank).However, theyexplained that their real joke had been a press release saying that theywould takeoffshoringto the extreme by putting employees in a "GoogleCopernicus Center" on theMoon. Jonathan Rosenberg, Google's vice-president of products, was quoted by BBC News as saying, "We are veryserious about Gmail."
Registration : 
When Gmail was first announced, access to the service was limited to thosewho had an invitation from an existing account holder, from
,and later through their mobile phone. Additionally, a limited number of invitations were given out directly from Google to end users via a linkon Google's home page. Creating a Gmail account without an invitationrequired a
-enabled mobile phone. Initially however,account holders received their invitations after being on a waiting listprevious to the launch. Google stated that the invitation system wasintended to initially reduce the amount of abuse, as spammers wereunable to make a large number of accounts. When the invitationsystem was in use, account holders were given up to 100 accountinvitations to send out to other e-mail addresses.
 
On August 9, 2006, Gmail registration was made available to anyone inAustralia and New Zealand, in Japan since August 23, 2006 and inEgyptsinceDecember 3, 2006. On February 7, 2007, Gmail registration was made publicin Europe, the Middle East, Africa,Brazil,Mexico, Australia, Russia, Japan, andHong Kong. On February 14, 2007, Gmail registration was made publicglobally, so anyone could register for a Gmail account.
Features
 The service currently provides more than 7200MBsof free storage and paidadditional storage from 10 GB (US$20/year) up to 400 GB (US$500/year),shared overPicasa Web Albumsand Gmail. The increase from 1 GB wasannounced on April 1, 2005 and was made for the firstanniversaryof Gmail. The announcement was /accompanied by a statement that Google would"keep giving people more space forever." All Google says about this now isthat it will keep increasing storage by the second as long as they haveenough space on their servers. On October 12, 2007, Google ramped up thestorage counter to 5.37 MB per hour. Approximately a week later, the counterwent back down to 1.12 MB per hour. From January 4, 2008, the counter wentdown to about 3.35 MB per day, or 0.14 MB per hour.On August 9, 2007, some users of Gmail reported that their storage capacityhad been increased to 9030 MB (8.8 GB). The 9030 MB of space is an overalltotal of all the users' storage space(s) within a Google Account,includingPicasa Web Albums. This development seemed to occur about thesame time that Google began allowing purchasable Picasa storage. In otherwords, Google has shared storage space, supporting both pictures and email.
Gmail Labs
Gmail Labs, introduced on June 5, 2008, is a feature that allows users to testnew or experimental features of Gmail, such as bookmarking of importantemail messages, custom keyboard shortcuts, and games. New Labs featurescan be enabled and disabled selectively, and users can provide feedbackabout each of them. They allow Gmail engineers to get user input about newfeatures to improve them, and popular ones might become a regular Gmailfeature. All are experimental, and might stop working at any time. Labsfeatures can only be toggled when using the English language interface of Gmail.
Interface
ProgrammingGmail makes use of Ajax(specifically, the AJAXSLTframework), employing modern browser features such as JavaScript, keyboard access keys andWeb  feedintegration.
Contacts
 
Gmail automatically saves contact details when e-mails are sent to anunknown recipient. If the user changes, adds, or removes information near ane-mail such as the name while sending any e-mail, it also updates that in thecontact list, unless the user is using basicHTMLview, designed for peoplewith slower internet connections or browsers that do not support AJAX. Whena user starts typing in the To, CC or BCC fields it brings up a list with therelevant contacts, with their name and primary e-mail address. Moreinformation, including alternate email addresses, can be added on theContacts page. These contacts can also be added to a group, which makessending multiple e-mails to related contacts easier. Images can be added tocontacts, which will appear whenever the mouse is over the contact'sname.Contacts can be imported in several different ways, fromMicrosoft Office Outlook,Mozilla Thunderbird,Eudora,Hotmail, Yahoo! Mail,orkut, and any other contact list capable of being exported as aCSVfile. Gmail alsoallows a user to export their contacts to CSV.
Composition
A year after Gmail was announced, Rich Text Formatting was introduced,which allows the font size, color and text-alignment to be customized, as wellas the embedding of bullet points and numbered lists.Autosaveis anotherfeature in Gmail—a system for avoiding loss of data in case of a browsercrash or other error. While an e-mail is being composed, a draft copy of themessage and any attachments are saved automatically. Although messagesbegin to be saved once a minute, saving times vary depending on the size of the message.Gmail places the cursor above quoted text when replying, whichencouragestop-posting. Regardless of how a received message is formatted,Gmail's conversation view defaults to showing only unique content, inchronological order.
Security
By default, Gmail uses an unencrypted connection to retrieve user data,encrypting only the connection used for the login page. However, bychanging the URLfrom
http
://mail.google.com/mail/ to
https
://mail.google.com/mail/, Gmailcan be told to use a secure connection, reducing the risk of third-partyeavesdropping on users' information, such as emails and contacts, which aretransmitted in plaintext as JavaScript data in the page source code.As of July 2008, it is possible to configure Gmail for HTTPS access onlythrough the Settings option - this prevents any insecure access via HTTP.POP3 and IMAP access uses Transport Layer Security, or TLS.Although TLS isused when one sends email via an email client such asMozilla Thunderbird, itis not used when the email is sent from the Gmail servers to the destinationdomain'smail exchangers, unless supported, so at some stage the user'semail message may still be transmitted in unencrypted plain text.Gmailoffers aspamfiltering system. According to Gmail, messages marked asspam are automatically deleted after 30 days, but there have been reportson
Gmail Help Discussion
of spam mails staying in the spam folder formonths. However, Gmail have claimed this problem has been fixed.The spam filtering system cannot be disabled. POP3 users need to checktheir Spam folder manually via the web interface as only emails sent to theInbox can be retrieved via POP3. Currently about 75% of email sent to Gmail

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